Etruscans

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Etruscans

Overview

The Etruscan civilisation is the modern name given to a civilisation of ancient Italy in the area corresponding roughly to Tuscany, western Umbria, and northern Lazio. The ancient Romans called its creators the “Tusci” or “Etrusci”. Their Roman…

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List of sights

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Cerveteri (1)
Cerveteri (1)

Cerveteri

Coordinates: 42° 0′ 22″ N, 12° 6′ 2″ E

The Necropolis della Banditaccia in Cerveteri, which has been declared by UNESCO World Heritage Site together with the necropolis in Tarquinia covers an area of 400 ha with a total of 1,000 tombs. It is the largest ancient necropolis in the…

Norchia (1)
Norchia (1)

Norchia

Coordinates: 42° 20′ 22″ N, 11° 56′ 43″ E

Norchia is an ancient Etruscan city with an adjacent necropolis which reached its high point between the 4th and 2nd centuries B.C. The tombs are generally constructed from large blocks of tuff carved directly into the cliff, and are entered from…

Necropolis di San Guiliano (1)
Necropolis di San Guiliano (1)

San Guiliano

Coordinates: 42° 15′ 40″ N, 12° 4′ 55″ E

San Guiliano is an Etruscan centre 2 km north-east of Barbarano Romano. The most important tombs found in the necropolis of Cuccumella del Caiolo are the Tumulus of Caiolo (Tumulo del Caiolo), the Tomb of the Beds (Tomba dei Letti), the Porched

Sutri (1)
Sutri (1)

Sutri

Coordinates: 42° 14′ 23″ N, 12° 13′ 42″ E

Sutri (ancient Sutrium) occupied an important position on road into Etruria, the later Via Cassia. It came into the hands of Rome after the fall of Veii, and a Latin colony was founded there until it was lost again in 386 BC, recovered and…

Tarquinia (1)
Tarquinia (1)

Tarquinia

Coordinates: 42° 14′ 53″ N, 11° 46′ 26″ E

Tarquinia was the chief of the twelve cities of Etruria, and appears in the earliest history of Rome as the home of two of its kings, Tarquinius Priscus and Tarquinius Superbus. It is known for the Etruscan necropolises, with some 6,000 tombs, 60…

Description

The Etruscan civilisation is the modern name given to a civilisation of ancient Italy in the area corresponding roughly to Tuscany, western Umbria, and northern Lazio. The ancient Romans called its creators the “Tusci” or “Etrusci”. Their Roman name is the origin of the terms Tuscany, which refers to their heartland, and Etruria, which can refer to their wider region. As distinguished by its unique language, this civilization endured from before the time of the earliest Etruscan inscriptions (700 BC) until its assimilation into the Roman Republic in the late 4th century BC.

At its maximum extent, during the foundational period of Rome and the Roman Kingdom, Etruscan civilisation flourished in three confederacies of cities: of Etruria, of the Po Valley with the eastern Alps, and of Latium and Campania. Culture, that is identifiably Etruscan, developed in Italy after about 800 BC approximately over the range of the preceding Iron Age Villanovan culture. The latter gave way in the 7th century BC to a culture that was influenced by ancient Greece, Magna Graecia, and Phoenicia. After 500 BC, the political destiny of Italy passed out of Etruscan hands.

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Etruscans

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