French Guiana

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French Guiana

Overview

French Guiana is an overseas department and region of France on the north Atlantic coast of South America. It borders Brazil to the east and south, and Suriname to the west. Its 83,534 km² area has a very low population density of less… [Read more]

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List of sights

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Acarouany (1)
Acarouany (1)

Acarouany

Coordinates: 5° 35′ 26″ N, 53° 48′ 48″ W

Acarouany: In the 18th century, leprosy, imported by European settlers and slaves, affects the territory of French Guiana. The first leper colonies are installed on the Ilet La Mère off the coast of (in 1774), and on the Iles du Salut[Read more]

Annamite Prison (1)
Annamite Prison (1)

Annamite Prison

Coordinates: 4° 49′ 45″ N, 52° 31′ 2″ W

The Bagne des Annamites was established in June 1930 and consisted of seven wood buildings with the house of the camp leaders, dungeons and a dining hall. The purpose of this camp was to develop the region of the Inini, and then… [Read more]

Awala-Yalimapo (1)
Awala-Yalimapo (1)

Awala-Yalimapo

Coordinates: 5° 44′ 46″ N, 53° 56′ 2″ W

Awala-Yalimapo is a commune on the north coast of French Guiana, close to the border with Suriname. Awala and Yalimapo are French Guiana’s northern-most settlements, located just to the south of the region’s northern-most point, the… [Read more]

Cacao (1)
Cacao (1)

Cacao

Coordinates: 4° 33′ 4″ N, 52° 29′ 37″ W

Cacao is a town in French Guiana, lying on the Comte River to the south of Cayenne. Most of the town’s population are Hmong farmers, refugees from Laos, who were resettled in French Guiana in the 1970s. There is a Sunday morning market… [Read more]

Camp Caiman (1)
Camp Caiman (1)

Camp Caiman

Coordinates: 4° 34′ 6″ N, 52° 13′ 3″ W

Located 40 km from Roura, near the Camp Caiman, this cave where hundreds of bats are living, sinks into the ground. Tree roots will pick water through cracks in the ground.

Cayenne Market (1)
Cayenne Market (1)

Cayenne

Coordinates: 4° 56′ 5″ N, 52° 20′ 5″ W

Cayenne is the capital of French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France located in South America. The city is located on the banks of the estuary of the Cayenne River on the Atlantic Ocean and occupies part of the Ile de[Read more]

Dam Petit Saut (1)
Dam Petit Saut (1)

Dam Petit Saut

Coordinates: 4° 55′ 34″ N, 53° 1′ 39″ W

The dam of Petit-Saut is a dam located in the department of French Guiana between the towns of Sinnamary and Saint-Élie. Its dam lake, with an area of about 365 km² (about 16 km along on 19 km wide), is the largest in France; larger… [Read more]

Diamond Fortification (1)
Diamond Fortification (1)

Diamond Fortification

Coordinates: 4° 52′ 13″ N, 52° 14′ 51″ W

The Fort Diamant is a castle near Rémire-Montjoly in French Guiana whose construction began in 1840 and ended in 1849. It is a building of 150 m² built on a plot of 3,600 m². Fort Diamant is composed of three pieces of artillery… [Read more]

Engraved Rocks of Carapa (1)
Engraved Rocks of Carapa (1)

Engraved Rocks of Carapa

Coordinates: 5° 9′ 30″ N, 52° 39′ 52″ W

The Engraved Rocks of Carapa (Roches Gravées de la Carapa), rediscovered in 1992, is the largest set of rock carvings discovered in French Guiana. The site, a historical monument since the 18th of November 1993, brings together… [Read more]

Engraved Rocks of Mahury (1)
Engraved Rocks of Mahury (1)

Engraved Rocks of Mahury

Coordinates: 4° 51′ 26″ N, 52° 16′ 9″ W

The seven Engraved Rocks of Mahury (Roches Gravées de Mahury) form a historic monument in French Guiana, registered as such by decree of the 8th of March 2002. The seven rocks are located in the municipality of Rémire-Montjoly and are… [Read more]

Favard Mountain (1)
Favard Mountain (1)

Favard Mountain

Coordinates: 4° 30′ 44″ N, 52° 2′ 44″ W

The Engraved Rocks of the Favard Mountain (Montagne Favard) is an historical monument in French Guiana. The site is registered as an historic monument by decree of the 16th of September 1991.

Fourgassié Falls (1)
Fourgassié Falls (1)

Fourgassié Falls

Coordinates: 4° 37′ 56″ N, 52° 18′ 15″ W

The Fourgassié Falls (Chutes de Fourgassié) are located a few kilometres from Roura in direction of the Marais de Kaw.

French Guiana Zoo (1)
French Guiana Zoo (1)

French Guiana Zoo

Coordinates: 4° 56′ 45″ N, 52° 29′ 31″ W

The 160 acre of the French Guiana Zoo (Zoo de Guyane) in Macouria is home to over 70 native animal species, giving visitors the opportunity to admire the country’s flora and fauna without having to head into the Amazon Jungle. Some 450… [Read more]

Gabriel Creek (1)
Gabriel Creek (1)

Gabriel Creek

Coordinates: 4° 44′ 8″ N, 52° 18′ 19″ W

The Gabriel Creek (Crique Gabriel) is often presented as the most beautiful creeks of French Guiana, but it is overall the nearest one to Cayenne (about 35 km east of Cayenne). This small creek runs into the Mahury, a few hundred meters… [Read more]

Ariane 5 V204 (1)
Ariane 5 V204 (1)

Guiana Space Centre

Coordinates: 5° 14′ 22″ N, 52° 46′ 6″ W

The Guiana Space Centre or, more commonly, Centre Spatial Guyanais (CSG) is a French spaceport near Kourou in French Guiana. Operational since 1968, it is particularly suitable as a location for a spaceport due to its proximity to the… [Read more]

Iles du Salut (2)
Iles du Salut (2)

Iles du Salut

Coordinates: 5° 17′ 15″ N, 52° 35′ 20″ W

The Iles du Salut are a group of small islands of volcanic origin about 11 km from the coast of French Guiana (14 km north of Kourou) in the Atlantic Ocean. The Ile du Diable is better known to English speakers as Devil’s Island. The… [Read more]

Iracoubo (1)
Iracoubo (1)

Iracoubo

Coordinates: 5° 28′ 45″ N, 53° 12′ 24″ W

Iracoubo is a commune on the coast of French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France located in South America. The settlement of Iracoubo, seat of the commune, is located between the settlement of Sinnamary and the hamlet of … [Read more]

Island of the Grand Constable (1)
Island of the Grand Constable (1)

Island of the Grand Constable

Coordinates: 4° 49′ 30″ N, 51° 56′ 11″ W

The Island of the Grand Constable (Île du Grand Connétable) is located 18 km off the mouth of the Approuague in French Guiana. With the Island of Small Constable, it forms the national nature reserve of the Grand Constable Island,… [Read more]

Islet la Mère (1)
Islet la Mère (1)

Islet la Mère

Coordinates: 4° 53′ 22″ N, 52° 11′ 7″ W

The Islets of Rémire are a small archipelago of four islands off the town of Rémire-Montjoly (La Mère, Le Père, Le Malingre, Les Mamelles (two islets)). The Islet of the Enfant Perdu, which is a little further upstream, is generally… [Read more]

Kaw Swamp (1)
Kaw Swamp (1)

Kaw Swamp

Coordinates: 4° 30′ 51″ N, 52° 3′ 44″ W

The nature reserve of the Kaw Swamp (Marais de Kaw) is one of six natural reserves created by the French government in French Guiana. This reserve is the second largest nature reserve in France by area (94,700 hectares) after the [Read more]

Kourou (1) Market
Kourou (1)

Market

Kourou

Coordinates: 5° 9′ 52″ N, 52° 38′ 34″ W

Kourou is located 60 km north-west of the capital Cayenne at the mouth of the Kourou River on the Atlantic coast. In 1965 the Centre Spatial Guyanais (Guiana Space Centre) was founded behind the town.

Kourou River (1)
Kourou River (1)

Kourou River

Coordinates: 4° 57′ 47″ N, 52° 45′ 32″ W

The Kourou is a river in French Guiana with a length of 112 km. The city of Kourou is at its mouth to the Atlantic Ocean. Its estuary is home to the marina. As everywhere in the Amazon, the colour of the water is brown because of the… [Read more]

La Mirande Trail (1)
La Mirande Trail (1)

La Mirande Trail

Coordinates: 4° 51′ 47″ N, 52° 20′ 41″ W

The La Mirande Trail (Sentier de la Mirande) winds through the Mount Grand-Matoury, a nature reserve mainly populated by birds. The wildlife encounters are frequent, but it is at sunrise and sunset that the chances to observe macaws, [Read more]

Loyola Trail (1)
Loyola Trail (1)

Loyola Trail

Coordinates: 4° 53′ 57″ N, 52° 16′ 13″ W

On the Loyola Trail (Sentier de Loyola) are the vestiges of an immense colonial exploitation run by Jesuits.

Inini Creek (1)
Inini Creek (1)

Maripasoula

Coordinates: 3° 41′ 9″ N, 53° 56′ 52″ W

Maripasoula is a French commune in the department of French Guiana. The town, the largest in France, and one of the least densely populated, is the border with Suriname and Brazil. The city is mainly populated by people from the Boni[Read more]

Monkey Mountain (1)
Monkey Mountain (1)

Monkey Mountain

Coordinates: 5° 4′ 23″ N, 52° 41′ 58″ W

The Montagne des Singes (Monkey Mountain) is located south-west of the city of Kourou, 15 km towards the Dégrad Saramaca. It rises to 161 m and some tributaries of the River Kourou left bank have their source there.

Montsinery - Tonnegrande (1)
Montsinery - Tonnegrande (1)

Montsinéry - Tonnegrande

Coordinates: 4° 57′ 58″ N, 52° 27′ 54″ W

Montsinéry-Tonnegrande, formerly Viriot, is a commune of French Guiana. It is surrounded by rivers and mangroves.

Paul Isnard Track (1)
Paul Isnard Track (1)

Paul Isnard Track

Coordinates: 5° 9′ 47″ N, 53° 57′ 38″ W

The Piste Paul Isnard is a road in French Guiana. It is named after an old gold miner. At the end of the road, two sites were exploited: Citron and Paul Isnard. The former name of the company was CMPI until 1987. During the penitentiary… [Read more]

Pripri de Yiyi (1)
Pripri de Yiyi (1)

Pripri de Yiyi

Coordinates: 5° 25′ 22″ N, 53° 3′ 1″ W

The great Pripri de Yiyi is located on the municipalities of Sinnamary and Iracoubo, and covers about 15 000 ha. This ecosystem occupies a central position between two other large Guyanese marshes, Plain of Kaw at the east and Savane[Read more]

Rorota Trail (1)
Rorota Trail (1)

Rorota Trail

Coordinates: 4° 53′ 6″ N, 52° 15′ 47″ W

With a length of 5 km, the Rorota Trail (Sentier du Rorota) connects the lakes of Rorota, of Lalouette and of Rémire in the municipality of Rémire-Montjoly and is located on the northern edge of the Plateau of Mahury. This massive rises… [Read more]

Saint Jean du Maroni (3)
Saint Jean du Maroni (3)

Saint Jean du Maroni

Coordinates: 5° 24′ 29″ N, 54° 4′ 56″ W

Saint-Jean-du-Maroni is a town in French Guiana, in the commune of Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni on the Maroni River, directly opposite the Suriname Village of Bigiston.

Salines de Montjoly (1)
Salines de Montjoly (1)

Salines de Montjoly

Coordinates: 4° 55′ 38″ N, 52° 16′ 41″ W

The Salines de Montjoly along Montjoly beach, cross the coastal marshes and dune vegetation, and lead to the observatory of the Kwata association where it is possible to contemplate many birds and sometimes caimans. The path continues… [Read more]

Tresor Trail (1)
Tresor Trail (1)

Tresor Trail

Coordinates: 4° 34′ 44″ N, 52° 14′ 36″ W

The Tresor Trail (Sentier Trésor) is named after the Trésor mine, which was used for many years for its deposits of gold, then abandoned. The few remnants of this operation are outside of the reserve. Being a voluntary nature reserve,… [Read more]

Trou Poissons - Cemetery of the Fathers (1)
Trou Poissons - Cemetery of the Fathers (1)

Trou Poissons - Cemetery of the Fathers

Coordinates: 5° 25′ 19″ N, 53° 8′ 2″ W

Between 1797 and 1799 more than a thousand priests were sentenced to transportation in French Guiana, because they refused to take the oath to the Civil Constitution of the Clergy (Constitution Civile du Clergé), to remain faithful to… [Read more]

Description

French Guiana is an overseas department and region of France on the north Atlantic coast of South America. It borders Brazil to the east and south, and Suriname to the west. Its 83,534 km² area has a very low population density of less than 3 inhabitants per km², with half of its 239,450 people in 2012 living in the metropolitan area of Cayenne, its capital. By land area, it is by far the largest overseas region of France. A large part of the department’s economy derives from the presence of the Guiana Space Centre (Centre Spatial Guyanais), now the European Space Agency’s primary launch site near the equator.

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French Guiana

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