Germany

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Germany

Overview

Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a federal parliamentary republic in west-central Europe. The country consists of 16 states, and its capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany

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List of sights

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Abensberg (1) Hundertwasser Tower
Abensberg (1)

Hundertwasser Tower

Abensberg

Coordinates: 48° 49′ 0″ N, 11° 50′ 32″ E

Abensberg is a town in the Lower Bavarian district of Kelheim, lying around 30 km south-west of Regensburg, 40 km east of Ingolstadt, 50 km north-west of Landshut and 100 km north of Munich. It is situated on the Abens River, a tributary of the

Altötting (1)
Altötting (1)

Altötting

Coordinates: 48° 13′ 35″ N, 12° 40′ 35″ E

Altötting is the county seat of the district of the same name in the administrative district of the Upper Bavaria and is located about 90 km east of Munich. The city experiences national importance as a place of pilgrimage with the Chapel of Grace

Ammersee (1) Inning am Ammersee
Ammersee (1)

Inning am Ammersee

Ammersee

Coordinates: 48° 4′ 35″ N, 11° 8′ 4″ E

The Ammersee is after Chiemsee and Lake Starnberg the third largest lake in Bavaria (under the lakes, which lie exclusively in Bavaria) and reaching the farthest north alpine lake. The lake is owned by the Free State of Bavaria, the Bavarian

Fuggerei (1)
Fuggerei (1)

Augsburg

Coordinates: 48° 22′ 7″ N, 10° 54′ 14″ E

The Fuggerei is the world’s oldest social housing complex still in use. It is a walled enclave within the city of Augsburg, Bavaria. It takes it name from the Fugger family and was founded in 1516 by Jakob Fugger the Younger (known as “Jakob

Berchtesgadener Land (127)
Berchtesgadener Land (127)

Bavarian Landscapes

Coordinates: 47° 37′ 49″ N, 13° 0′ 1″ E

Bavaria lies in the southeast of Germany and is with approximately 70,500 km² the area’s largest German country. As a landlocked country, Bavaria borders to the south and southeast Austria, in the eastern part the Czech Republic, in the southwest

Befreiungshalle (2)
Befreiungshalle (2)

Befreiungshalle

Coordinates: 48° 55′ 7″ N, 11° 51′ 37″ E

The Befreiungshalle is a historical classical monument upon Mount Michelsberg above the city of Kelheim in Bavaria. It stands upstream of Regensburg on the Danube River at the confluence of the Danube and the Altmühl, i.e. the Rhine-Main-Danube

Brewery of Schönthal (1)
Brewery of Schönthal (1)

Brewery of Schönthal

Coordinates: 49° 21′ 24″ N, 12° 36′ 22″ E

The brewery building was the landmark of Schönthal.

Burghausen (1)
Burghausen (1)

Burghausen

Coordinates: 48° 9′ 24″ N, 12° 49′ 47″ E

The old town of Burghausen is the largest city in the Upper Bavarian district of Altötting. It lies on the Salzach, which forms the border with Austria here. Set on a hill above the old town, the Burghausen Castle is the longest castle in the…

Fürstenfeld abbey (1)
Fürstenfeld abbey (1)

Fürstenfeld Abbey

Coordinates: 48° 10′ 11″ N, 11° 14′ 56″ E

The Fürstenfeld Monastery is a former Cistercian Abbey in Fürstenfeldbruck in Bavaria in the Archdiocese of Munich and Freising. It is located about 25 km west of the city of Munich. The former monastery was one of the household monasteries of the …

Harburg (1)
Harburg (1)

Harburg

Coordinates: 48° 47′ 11″ N, 10° 41′ 27″ E

Harburg (Swabia) is a town in the valley of the Wörnitz and lies on the Romantic Road between Nördlingen and Donauwörth. The word Harburg consists of two parts: “Har” and “Burg”. Old certificates speak of Harburc, Horeburch and Horburc. In Old…

Garmisch-Partenkirchen (2) Höllental Gorge
Garmisch-Partenkirchen (2)

Höllental Gorge

Höllental Gorge

Coordinates: 47° 26′ 54″ N, 11° 2′ 40″ E

The Höllental (Hell Valley) is a valley in the Zugspitze massif of the Wetterstein mountains, between Blassenkamm and Waxensteinkamm through which the stream Hammersbach flows and runs a well-known ascent of the Zugspitze.

Kallmünz (1)
Kallmünz (1)

Kallmünz

Coordinates: 49° 9′ 41″ N, 11° 57′ 17″ E

Kallmünz is a town in the Upper Palatinate district of Regensburg in Bavaria. The town is located at the confluence of Naab and Vils, about 25 km north and upstream of Regensburg on an ancient trade route to the east. Due to its location, the town…

Königssee (1)
Königssee (1)

Königssee

Coordinates: 47° 35′ 17″ N, 12° 59′ 21″ E

The Königssee is a long mountain lake in Berchtesgaden in the southeast of Bavaria and part of the municipality of Schönau am Königssee. It lies at the eastern foot of the Watzmann and is mainly fed by the Obersee through the Saletbach in the…

Linderhof (1)
Linderhof (1)

Linderhof

Coordinates: 47° 34′ 17″ N, 10° 57′ 39″ E

The Linderhof Palace (Schloss Linderhof) is the smallest of the three palaces built by King Ludwig II of Bavaria and the only one which he lived to see completed. Ludwig already knew the area around Linderhof from his youth when he had accompanied…

Oberammergau (1)
Oberammergau (1)

Lüftlmalerei

Coordinates: 47° 35′ 51″ N, 11° 3′ 48″ E

Lüftlmalerei referred in particular in Upper Bavaria (Werdenfelser Land by Garmisch-Partenkirchen) and in Tirol to the native art form of facade painting. The Lüftlmalerei is a popular variant of the trompe l’oeil from the Baroque era, and…

Maria Gern (1)
Maria Gern (1)

Maria Gern

Coordinates: 47° 39′ 11″ N, 13° 0′ 9″ E

Maria Gern is located north of Berchtesgaden in the valley and on the slopes of the creek Gerner (also called Gererbach or Anzenbach), a tributary of the Berchtesgadener Ache. The area is bounded on the west by the Rauhenkopf, in the east of the

Maxhütte (Sulzbach-Rosenberg) (7)
Maxhütte (Sulzbach-Rosenberg) (7)

Maxhütte (Sulzbach-Rosenberg)

Coordinates: 49° 29′ 16″ N, 11° 46′ 8″ E

The Maxhütte, named after the Bavarian King Maximilian II Joseph, was a traditional steel mill and is today an industrial monument in Sulzbach-Rosenberg. In its heyday, the Maxhütte employed over 9000 people. The company had branches in

Oktoberfest (1)
Oktoberfest (1)

Munich

Coordinates: 48° 7′ 57″ N, 11° 32′ 57″ E

Munich (München) is the capital and the largest city of the German state of Bavaria. It is located on the Isar River north of the Bavarian Alps. Munich is the third largest city in Germany, behind Berlin and Hamburg. About 1.42 million people live…

Rottenbuch abbey (1)
Rottenbuch abbey (1)

Nativity of Mary (Rottenbuch)

Coordinates: 47° 44′ 9″ N, 10° 57′ 58″ E

The former Augustinian Canons Church and current Roman Catholic parish church Nativity of Mary is a listed church building in Rottenbuch, in the district of Weilheim-Schongau in Bavaria. Soon after the founding of the monastery in 1073 began with…

Neuschwanstein Castle (1)
Neuschwanstein Castle (1)

Neuschwanstein Castle

Coordinates: 47° 33′ 28″ N, 10° 45′ 0″ E

Neuschwanstein Castle stands above Hohenschwangau close to Füssen in southern Bavaria. The building was constructed in 1869 for the Bavarian King Ludwig II as an idealised notion of a knight’s castle from the Middle Age. The designs are by

Nuremberg (1) Imperial castle
Nuremberg (1)

Imperial castle

Nuremberg

Coordinates: 49° 27′ 28″ N, 11° 4′ 35″ E

Nuremberg (Nürnberg) is the administrative region of Middle Franconia. Situated on the Pegnitz River and the Rhine-Main-Danube Canal, it is located about 170 km north of Munich. It is the second-largest city in Bavaria (after Munich), and is the…

Garmisch-Partenkirchen (2) Partnach Gorge in Winter
Garmisch-Partenkirchen (2)

Partnach Gorge in Winter

Partnach Gorge

Coordinates: 47° 28′ 2″ N, 11° 7′ 13″ E

The Partnach Gorge (Partnachklamm) is a 702 m long and partly 80 m deep gorge incised in the limestone layers of the Wetterstein massif by the Partnach torrent (a minor tributary of the Danube) in the Reintal valley near Garmisch-Partenkirchen. In…

Wilparting (1) Pilgrimage church
Wilparting (1)

Pilgrimage church

Pilgrimage church Wilparting

Coordinates: 47° 49′ 20″ N, 11° 55′ 11″ E

The pilgrimage church of St. Marinus and Anian (Wallfahrtskirche Wilparting) is the Catholic village church of Wilparting, a district of the municipality of Irschenberg in the district of Miesbach. It rises above the grave of the two saints; the…

Ramsau (1)
Ramsau (1)

Ramsau

Coordinates: 47° 36′ 26″ N, 12° 53′ 41″ E

Ramsau is a municipality in the Bavarian Alps located in the district of Berchtesgadener Land, close to the border with Austria, 35 km south of Salzburg and 150 km south-east of Munich. It is situated north of the Berchtesgaden National Park.

Regensburg (231)
Regensburg (231)

Regensburg

Coordinates: 49° 1′ 16″ N, 12° 5′ 49″ E

Regensburg historically also Ratisbon, from Celtic Ratisbona, is a city in Bavaria, located at the confluence of the Danube and Regen rivers, at one of the northernmost points of the Danube. To the east lies the Bavarian Forest. Regensburg is the…

Rothenburg ob der Tauber (01)
Rothenburg ob der Tauber (01)

Rothenburg ob der Tauber

Coordinates: 49° 22′ 38″ N, 10° 10′ 45″ E

Rothenburg ob der Tauber is a town in the district of Ansbach, located in the Franconia region of Bavaria, well known for its well-preserved medieval old town on the Romantic Road. The name “Rothenburg ob der Tauber” means, in German, “Red

Schuierer Mill (1)
Schuierer Mill (1)

Schuierer Mill

Coordinates: 49° 19′ 53″ N, 12° 6′ 22″ E

The mill belongs since 1874 to the Schuierer family. The Schuierer mill was enlarged significantly in 1884. Since 1982, the mill is stopped.

Virgin Mary and St Michael Monastery (1)
Virgin Mary and St Michael Monastery (1)

Virgin Mary and St Michael Monastery

Coordinates: 49° 21′ 11″ N, 12° 36′ 19″ E

The Monastery consecrated to the Virgin Mary and St Michael belonged between 1250 and 1263 to the St William Hermits, and after 1263 to the Augustinian Hermits. It was disbanded in 1802 in the wake of secularization. The monastic estates were…

Walhalla (1)
Walhalla (1)

Walhalla

Coordinates: 49° 1′ 52″ N, 12° 13′ 27″ E

The Walhalla is a hall of fame that honours laudable and distinguished people, famous personalities in German history - politicians, sovereigns, scientists and artists of the German tongue. The hall is housed in a neo-classical building above the

Weltenburg Abbey (1)
Weltenburg Abbey (1)

Weltenburg Abbey

Coordinates: 48° 53′ 56″ N, 11° 49′ 12″ E

The St. George Church of the the Benedictine Monastery of Weltenburg on the Danube breakthrough in Kelheim in Bavaria is one of the most important religious buildings of the Baroque in Europe. The monastery church was built from 1716 to 1718 and…

Wieskirche (1)
Wieskirche (1)

Wieskirche

Coordinates: 47° 40′ 50″ N, 10° 54′ 1″ E

The Wies Church (Wieskirche) is a magnificently decorated Sanctuary belonging to the district of Wies in the municipality Steingaden. The full name of the Wieskirche is Sanctuary on the Meadow of the Scourged Saviour (Wallfahrtskirche zum

Description

Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a federal parliamentary republic in west-central Europe. The country consists of 16 states, and its capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km² and has a largely temperate seasonal climate. With 81.8 million inhabitants, it is the most populous member state in the European Union. Germany is one of the major political and economic powers of the European continent and a historic leader in many theoretical and technical fields.

A region named Germania, inhabited by several Germanic peoples, was documented before AD 100. During the Migration Period, the Germanic tribes expanded southward and established successor kingdoms throughout much of Europe. Beginning in the 10th century, German territories formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire. During the 16th century, northern German regions became the centre of the Protestant Reformation while southern and western parts remained dominated by Roman Catholic denominations, with the two factions clashing in the Thirty Years’ War, marking the beginning of the Catholic-Protestant divide that has characterised German society ever since. Occupied during the Napoleonic Wars, the rise of Pan-Germanism inside the German Confederation resulted in the unification of most of the German states in 1871 into the German Empire, which was Prussian dominated.

After the German Revolution of 1918-1919 and the subsequent military surrender in World War I, the Empire was replaced by the parliamentary Weimar Republic in 1918, and some of its territory partitioned in the Treaty of Versailles. Despite its lead in many scientific and artistic fields at this time, amidst the Great Depression, the Third Reich was established in 1933. The latter period was marked by fascism and World War II. After 1945, Germany was divided by allied occupation, and evolved into two states, East Germany and West Germany. In 1990, the country was reunified. Germany was a founding member of the European Community in 1957, which became the EU in 1993. It is part of the Schengen Area, and since 1999, a member of the euro area. Germany is a great power and member of the United Nations, NATO, the G8, the G20, the OECD and the Council of Europe, and took a non-permanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2011-2012 term.

Germany has the world’s fourth largest economy by nominal GDP and the fifth largest by purchasing power parity. Subsequently, it is the second largest exporter and third largest importer of goods. The country has developed a very high standard of living and features a comprehensive system of social security, which includes the world’s oldest universal health care system. Germany has been the home of many influential philosophers, music composers, scientists and inventors, and is known for its rich cultural and political history.

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