Milan is the second-largest city in Italy and the capital of Lombardy. Milan was founded by the Insubres, a Celtic people. The city was later captured by the Romans in 222BC, and later was the capital of the Western Roman Empire from 286 until…
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Milan is the second-largest city in Italy and the capital of Lombardy. Milan was founded by the Insubres, a Celtic people. The city was later captured by the Romans in 222BC, and later was the capital of the Western Roman Empire from 286 until 402AD. Milan became one of the most prosperous Italian cities during the High Middle Ages, playing a primary role in the Lombard League. Later Milan became the capital of the Duchy of Milan, being ruled by the Visconti, the Sforza, the Spanish and the Austrians. In 1796, Milan was conquered by the French troops of Napoleon, only to be given again to the Austrian Empire at the Congress of Vienna of 1815. In 1859 the city was eventually annexed to the House of Savoy, and soon started to lead the industrialization process of the new Kingdom of Italy. During World War II, the city was badly affected by Allied bombings, and after German occupation in 1943, Milan became the main centre of the Italian resistance movement. In post-war years, Milan enjoyed a prolonged economic boom, attracting large flows of immigrants from Southern Italy. During the past three decades, the city has seen a dramatic rise in the number of international migrants, and today 15.2% of Milan’s population is foreign born. Milan is the main industrial, commercial and financial centre of Italy. Its business district hosts the Italian Stock Exchange and the headquarters of the largest national banks and multinational companies. The city is recognised as a major world fashion and design capital. The city hosts important museums, theatres and landmarks (including Santa Maria delle Grazie, decorated with Leonardo da Vinci paintings, a UNESCO World Heritage Site).