Coordinates: 16° 2′ 46″ S, 71° 24′ 10″ W
The Altiplano is dominated by massive active volcanoes of the Central Volcanic Zone. Its height averages about 3,300 m and its climate is cool and semi-arid to arid.
- Alpaca (Vicugna pacos)
- Guanaco (Lama guanicoe)
- Lama (Lama glama)
- Vicugna (Vicugna vicugna)