Baikonur[205 photos]

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Description

Baikonur (541) Market of Baikonur
Baikonur (541)Market of Baikonur
45° 37′ 23″ N, 63° 18′ 15″ E

Baikonur, formerly known as Leninsk, is a city in Kyzylorda province of Kazakhstan, rented and administered by Russia. It was constructed to service the Baikonur Cosmodrome and was officially renamed Baikonur by Russian president Boris Yeltsin on December 20, 1995. The shape of the area rented is an ellipse, measuring 90 km east to west, by 85 km north to south, with the cosmodrome at the centre. The original Baikonur is a mining town a few hundred kilometres north-east, near Dzhezkazgan in Kazakhstan’s Karagandy Province. The launch site was given this name to cause confusion and keep the location secret. This town was specifically chosen because the flight path of the rockets that launched many Soviet satellites, including the first Sputnik, passed over its vicinity. The name Baikonur is Kazakh for “wealthy brown”, i.e. “fertile land with many herbs”. The fortunes of the city have varied according to those of the Soviet/Russian space program and its Baikonur Cosmodrome.

See also

Baikonur Cosmodrome

Kazakhstan

Soyuz TMA-12 (3) Soyuz Launch
Soyuz TMA-12 (3)Soyuz Launch

Kazakhstan, officially the Republic of Kazakhstan (Қазақстан Республикасы), is a contiguous transcontinental country in Central Asia, with its smaller part west of the Ural River in Eastern Europe. Kazakhstan is the world’s largest landlocked… [Read more]

Russia

Moscow (002) Saint Basil’s Cathedral
Moscow (002)Saint Basil’s Cathedral

Russia, also officially known as the Russian Federation (Росси́йская Федера́ция), is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects. From north-west to south-east, Russia shares borders… [Read more]