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Fatehpur Sikri

105 photos

Description

Fatehpur Sikri (002)
Fatehpur Sikri (002)

Coordinates: 27° 5′ 51″ N, 77° 39′ 58″ E

Fatehpur Sikri, a city in the state of Uttar Pradesh, was constructed by Mughal Emperor Akbar beginning in 1570 and served as the empire’s capital from 1571 until 1585. It was abandoned after only 14 years because the water supply was unable to sustain the growing population. Akbar had inherited the Mughal Empire from his father Humayun and grandfather Babur. During the 1560s he rebuilt the Agra Fort and established it as his capital. He had a son and then twins, but the twins died. He then consulted Salim Chishti the Sufi saint who lived as a recluse in the small town Sikri near Agra. Salim predicted that Akbar would have another son, and indeed one was born in 1569 in Sikri. He was named Salim to honour the saint and would later rule the empire as Emperor Jahangir. The following year, Akbar, then 28 years old, determined to build a palace and royal city in Sikri, to honour Salim Chishti.

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Main sights
  • Anuuup Talao: A tank with a central platform and four bridges leading up to it.
  • Buland Darwaza: One of the gateways to the Jama Masjid.
  • Diwan-i-Am: A building typology found in many cities where the ruler meets the general public.
  • Diwan-i-Khas: Famous for its central pillar with thirty-six voluted supporting a circular platform for Akbar.
  • Hujra-i-Anup Talao: Said to be the residence of Akbar’s Muslim wife, although this is disputed due to its small size.
  • Jama Masjid: The mosque, built in the manner of Indian mosques, with liwans around a central courtyard.
  • Mariam-uz-Zamani’s Palace: The building of Akbar’s wife shows Gujarati influence.
  • Naubat Khana: Near the entry, where important arrivals are announced.
  • Pachisi Court: A square marked out as a large sized board game.
  • Panch Mahal: A five-storied palatial structure. The bottom floor has 176 intricately carved columns.
  • Birbal’s House: The house of Akbar’s favourite minister, who was a Hindu.
  • Tomb of Salim Chisti: A white marble encased tomb within the Jama Masjid’s courtyard.

Photo gallery

Don’t miss: Most beautiful photos of Asia

Pictures taken with a Canon EOS1-Ds Mark III

Map

See also

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India (भारत गणराज्य), officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by… [Read more]

Agra …162 photosAjanta145 photosAlchi41 photosAlwar51 photosAurangabad21 photosBundi70 photosChemrey30 photosChittaurgarh69 photosDatia95 photosDeeg49 photosDelhi …279 photosEllora120 photosFatehpur Sikri105 photosGwalior48 photosHemis65 photosJaipur104 photosJaisalmer215 photosJodhpur254 photosKusum Sarovar75 photosLamayuru30 photosLeh79 photosMatho219 photosMathura37 photosNagda53 photosOrchha117 photosPhyang16 photosPushkar254 photosRanakpur140 photosRizong17 photosSaspol25 photosSpituk25 photosStakna8 photosStok244 photosTakthok26 photosThiksey62 photosUdaipur49 photosVaranasi161 photosZanskar184 photos