French Guiana[2055 photos]

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Description

Cayenne Market (004)
Cayenne Market (004)

French Guiana is an overseas department and region of France on the north Atlantic coast of South America. It borders Brazil to the east and south, and Suriname to the west. Its 83,534 km² area has a very low population density of less than 3 inhabitants per km², with half of its 239,450 people in 2012 living in the metropolitan area of Cayenne, its capital. By land area, it is by far the largest overseas region of France. A large part of the department’s economy derives from the presence of the Guiana Space Centre (Centre Spatial Guyanais), now the European Space Agency’s primary launch site near the equator.

List of sights

Acarouany

Acarouany (1)
Acarouany (1)
5° 35′ 26″ N, 53° 48′ 48″ W

Acarouany: In the 18th century, leprosy, imported by European settlers and slaves, affects the territory of French Guiana. The first leper colonies are installed on the Ilet La Mère off the coast of Ré (in 1774), and on the Iles du Salut off the… [Read more]

Annamite Prison

Annamite Prison (1)
Annamite Prison (1)
4° 49′ 45″ N, 52° 31′ 2″ W

The Bagne des Annamites was established in June 1930 and consisted of seven wood buildings with the house of the camp leaders, dungeons and a dining hall. The purpose of this camp was to develop the region of the Inini, and then completely covered… [Read more]

Awala-Yalimapo

Awala-Yalimapo (1)
Awala-Yalimapo (1)
5° 44′ 46″ N, 53° 56′ 2″ W

Awala-Yalimapo is a commune on the north coast of French Guiana, close to the border with Suriname. Awala and Yalimapo are French Guiana’s northern-most settlements, located just to the south of the region’s northern-most point, the beach of Plage… [Read more]