French Guiana

[2055 photos]

Description

Cayenne Market
Cayenne Market (004)

French Guiana is an overseas department and region of France on the north Atlantic coast of South America. It borders Brazil to the east and south, and Suriname to the west. Its 83,534 km² area has a very low population density of less than 3 inhabitants per km², with half of its 239,450 people in 2012 living in the metropolitan area of Cayenne, its capital. By land area, it is by far the largest overseas region of France. A large part of the department’s economy derives from the presence of the Guiana Space Centre (Centre Spatial Guyanais), now the European Space Agency’s primary launch site near the equator.

List of sights

Click the pictures to view the other pictures of the sights

Acarouany

Acarouany
Acarouany (1)
5° 35′ 26″ N, 53° 48′ 48″ W

Acarouany: In the 18th century, leprosy, imported by European settlers and slaves, affects the territory of French Guiana. The first leper colonies are installed on the Ilet La Mère off the coast of Ré (in 1774), and on the Iles du Salut off the…

Annamite Prison

Annamite Prison
Annamite Prison (1)
4° 49′ 45″ N, 52° 31′ 2″ W

The Bagne des Annamites was established in June 1930 and consisted of seven wood buildings with the house of the camp leaders, dungeons and a dining hall. The purpose of this camp was to develop the region of the Inini, and then completely covered…

Awala-Yalimapo

Awala-Yalimapo
Awala-Yalimapo (1)
5° 44′ 46″ N, 53° 56′ 2″ W

Awala-Yalimapo is a commune on the north coast of French Guiana, close to the border with Suriname. Awala and Yalimapo are French Guiana’s northern-most settlements, located just to the south of the region’s northern-most point, the beach of Plage…

Cacao

Cacao
Cacao (1)
4° 33′ 4″ N, 52° 29′ 37″ W

Cacao is a town in French Guiana, lying on the Comte River to the south of Cayenne. Most of the town’s population are Hmong farmers, refugees from Laos, who were resettled in French Guiana in the 1970s. There is a Sunday morning market at which…

Cayenne

Cayenne Market
Cayenne Market (1)
4° 56′ 5″ N, 52° 20′ 5″ W

Cayenne is the capital of French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France located in South America. The city is located on the banks of the estuary of the Cayenne River on the Atlantic Ocean and occupies part of the Ile de Cayenne. It…

Dam Petit Saut

Dam Petit Saut
Dam Petit Saut (1)
4° 55′ 34″ N, 53° 1′ 39″ W

The dam of Petit-Saut is a dam located in the department of French Guiana between the towns of Sinnamary and Saint-Élie. Its dam lake, with an area of about 365 km² (about 16 km along on 19 km wide), is the largest in France; larger than the city…

Diamond Fortification

Diamond Fortification
Diamond Fortification (1)
4° 52′ 13″ N, 52° 14′ 51″ W

The Fort Diamant is a castle near Rémire-Montjoly in French Guiana whose construction began in 1840 and ended in 1849. It is a building of 150 m² built on a plot of 3,600 m². Fort Diamant is composed of three pieces of artillery including a recess…

Engraved Rocks of Carapa

Engraved Rocks of Carapa
Engraved Rocks of Carapa (1)
5° 9′ 30″ N, 52° 39′ 52″ W

The Engraved Rocks of Carapa (Roches Gravées de la Carapa), rediscovered in 1992, is the largest set of rock carvings discovered in French Guiana. The site, a historical monument since the 18th of November 1993, brings together polishers and rock…

Engraved Rocks of Mahury

Engraved Rocks of Mahury
Engraved Rocks of Mahury (1)
4° 51′ 26″ N, 52° 16′ 9″ W

The seven Engraved Rocks of Mahury (Roches Gravées de Mahury) form a historic monument in French Guiana, registered as such by decree of the 8th of March 2002. The seven rocks are located in the municipality of Rémire-Montjoly and are part of a…

French Guiana Zoo

French Guiana Zoo
French Guiana Zoo (1)
4° 56′ 45″ N, 52° 29′ 31″ W

The 160 acre of the French Guiana Zoo (Zoo de Guyane) in Macouria is home to over 70 native animal species, giving visitors the opportunity to admire the country’s flora and fauna without having to head into the Amazon Jungle. Some 450 animals…

Gabriel Creek

Gabriel Creek
Gabriel Creek (1)
4° 44′ 8″ N, 52° 18′ 19″ W

The Gabriel Creek (Crique Gabriel) is often presented as the most beautiful creeks of French Guiana, but it is overall the nearest one to Cayenne (about 35 km east of Cayenne). This small creek runs into the Mahury, a few hundred meters from the…

Guiana Space Centre

Ariane 5 V204
Ariane 5 V204 (1)
5° 17′ 37″ N, 52° 49′ 38″ W

The Guiana Space Centre or, more commonly, Centre Spatial Guyanais (CSG) is a French spaceport near Kourou in French Guiana. Operational since 1968, it is particularly suitable as a location for a spaceport due to its proximity to the equator, and…

Iles du Salut

Iles du Salut
Iles du Salut (2)
5° 17′ 15″ N, 52° 35′ 20″ W

The Iles du Salut are a group of small islands of volcanic origin about 11 km from the coast of French Guiana (14 km north of Kourou) in the Atlantic Ocean. The Ile du Diable is better known to English speakers as Devil’s Island. The total area is…

Iracoubo

Iracoubo
Iracoubo (1)
5° 28′ 45″ N, 53° 12′ 24″ W

Iracoubo is a commune on the coast of French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France located in South America. The settlement of Iracoubo, seat of the commune, is located between the settlement of Sinnamary and the hamlet of Organabo.…

Islet la Mère

Islet la Mère
Islet la Mère (1)
4° 53′ 22″ N, 52° 11′ 7″ W

The Islets of Rémire are a small archipelago of four islands off the town of Rémire-Montjoly (La Mère, Le Père, Le Malingre, Les Mamelles (two islets)). The Islet of the Enfant Perdu, which is a little further upstream, is generally added to them.…

Kaw Swamp

Kaw Swamp
Kaw Swamp (1)
4° 30′ 51″ N, 52° 3′ 44″ W

The nature reserve of the Kaw Swamp (Marais de Kaw) is one of six natural reserves created by the French government in French Guiana. This reserve is the second largest nature reserve in France by area (94,700 hectares) after the Nouragues. It was…

Kourou

Kourou Market
Kourou (1)Market
5° 9′ 52″ N, 52° 38′ 34″ W

Kourou is located 60 km north-west of the capital Cayenne at the mouth of the Kourou River on the Atlantic coast. In 1965 the Centre Spatial Guyanais (Guiana Space Centre) was founded behind the town.

Kourou River

Kourou River
Kourou River (1)
4° 57′ 47″ N, 52° 45′ 32″ W

The Kourou is a river in French Guiana with a length of 112 km. The city of Kourou is at its mouth to the Atlantic Ocean. Its estuary is home to the marina. As everywhere in the Amazon, the colour of the water is brown because of the sediment…

La Mirande Trail

La Mirande Trail
La Mirande Trail (1)
4° 51′ 47″ N, 52° 20′ 41″ W

The La Mirande Trail (Sentier de la Mirande) winds through the Mount Grand-Matoury, a nature reserve mainly populated by birds. The wildlife encounters are frequent, but it is at sunrise and sunset that the chances to observe macaws, toucans and…

Maripasoula

Inini Creek
Inini Creek (1)
3° 38′ 35″ N, 54° 1′ 27″ W

Maripasoula is a French commune in the department of French Guiana. The town, the largest in France, and one of the least densely populated, is the border with Suriname and Brazil. The city is mainly populated by people from the Boni ethnicity.…

Monkey Mountain

Monkey Mountain
Monkey Mountain (1)
5° 4′ 23″ N, 52° 41′ 58″ W

The Montagne des Singes (Monkey Mountain) is located south-west of the city of Kourou, 15 km towards the Dégrad Saramaca. It rises to 161 m and some tributaries of the River Kourou left bank have their source there.

Paul Isnard Track

Paul Isnard Track
Paul Isnard Track (1)
5° 9′ 47″ N, 53° 57′ 38″ W

The Piste Paul Isnard is a road in French Guiana. It is named after an old gold miner. At the end of the road, two sites were exploited: Citron and Paul Isnard. The former name of the company was CMPI until 1987. During the penitentiary era many…

Pripri de Yiyi

Pripri de Yiyi
Pripri de Yiyi (1)
5° 25′ 22″ N, 53° 3′ 1″ W

The great Pripri de Yiyi is located on the municipalities of Sinnamary and Iracoubo, and covers about 15 000 ha. This ecosystem occupies a central position between two other large Guyanese marshes, Plain of Kaw at the east and Savane Sarcelle at…

Rorota Trail

Rorota Trail
Rorota Trail (1)
4° 53′ 6″ N, 52° 15′ 47″ W

With a length of 5 km, the Rorota Trail (Sentier du Rorota) connects the lakes of Rorota, of Lalouette and of Rémire in the municipality of Rémire-Montjoly and is located on the northern edge of the Plateau of Mahury. This massive rises to 170 m…

Salines de Montjoly

Salines de Montjoly
Salines de Montjoly (1)
4° 55′ 38″ N, 52° 16′ 41″ W

The Salines de Montjoly along Montjoly beach, cross the coastal marshes and dune vegetation, and lead to the observatory of the Kwata association where it is possible to contemplate many birds and sometimes caimans. The path continues and goes…

Tresor Trail

Tresor Trail
Tresor Trail (1)
4° 34′ 44″ N, 52° 14′ 36″ W

The Tresor Trail (Sentier Trésor) is named after the Trésor mine, which was used for many years for its deposits of gold, then abandoned. The few remnants of this operation are outside of the reserve. Being a voluntary nature reserve, managers are…

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