The Himalayas are a high mountain system in Asia between the Indian subcontinent in the south and the Tibetan highlands in the north. The mountain range stretches for some 3,000 km from Pakistan to Myanmar (Burma) and reaches a maximum width of 350 km. The Himalayas are home to ten of the fourteen mountains on Earth whose peaks are more than 8,000 m high (“eight-thousanders”), including Mount Everest, the highest mountain in the world at 8,848 m.
The mountain ranges from Central Asia, the Khyber Pass on the border of Afghanistan and Pakistan and the Karakorum in Kashmir, along the border of India and the two Himalayan States Nepal and Bhutan with Tibet, to the south-collapsed Patkai Mountains between Assam and Myanmar and the Hengduan Mountains, the southern flank of the eastern slope of the Tibetan Highlands. It separates South Asia from the rest of the continent.
Annapurna is a section of the Himalayas in north-central Nepal that includes 8,091 m Annapurna I, thirteen additional peaks over 7,000 m and 16 more over 6,000 m. This section is a 55 km long massif bounded by the Kali Gandaki Gorge on the west,… [Read more]
The Kingdom of Bhutan (འབྲུག་ཡུལ་) (which used to be one of the most isolated nations in the world) is located at the eastern end of the Himalaya Mountains between India and China. The Bhutanese call their country Druk Yul. The landscape ranges… [Read more]
Khumbu, the Everest Region, is one of three subregions of the main Sherpa settlement of the Himalaya with elevation ranging from 3,300 m to the highest point on Earth, Mount Everest at 8,848 m. [Read more]
Ladakh stretches between the mountain ranges of the Himalayas (with the Stok Kangri as the most famous mountain) and the Karakorum and the upper valley of the Indus. The valleys are at an altitude of 3,000 m, making them the highest of Kashmir. The… [Read more]
Mustang was once an independent kingdom annexed by Nepal at the end of the 18th century. Its strategic location granted Mustang control over the trade between the Tibet and India. It is a dry and arid Himalayan region located north of the Annapurna… [Read more]
Tibet (བོད), the Roof of the World with an average altitude of 4,900 m, is the highest region on Earth. Songtsen Gampo unified Tibet first in the 7th century. This once independent kingdom located north of the Himalayas is today part of China. The… [Read more]
Zanskar covers an area of about 7,000 km², at an altitude between 3,500 and 7,000 m. It consists of the country lying along the two main branches of the Zanskar River; the Doda and the Lungnak rivers. The Zanskar River takes a north-eastern course… [Read more]