Machu Picchu (077)

Peru1,512 photos

Description

Peru, officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America. It is bordered on the north by Ecuador and Colombia, on the east by Brazil, on the south-east by Bolivia, on the south by Chile, and on the west by the Pacific Ocean. Peruvian territory was home to ancient cultures spanning from the Norte Chico civilization, one of the oldest in the world, to the Inca Empire, the largest state in Pre-Columbian America. The Spanish Empire conquered the region in the 16th century and established a Viceroyalty, which included most of its South American colonies. After achieving independence in 1821, Peru has undergone periods of political unrest and fiscal crisis as well as periods of stability and economic upswing.

[Read more]

Its geography varies from the arid plains of the Pacific Coast to the peaks of the Andes Mountains and the tropical forests of the Amazon Basin. Its main economic activities include agriculture, fishing, mining, and manufacturing of products such as textiles. Peru is a representative democratic republic divided into 25 regions:

The Peruvian population, estimated at 29.5 million, is multi-ethnic, including Amerindians, Europeans, Africans, and Asians. The main spoken language is Spanish, although a significant number of Peruvians speak Quechua or other native languages. This mixture of cultural traditions has resulted in a wide diversity of expressions in fields such as art, cuisine, literature, and music.

List of sights

Altiplano93 photos

Altiplano (257)
AltiplanoPeru

Coordinates: 16° 2′ 46″ S, 71° 24′ 10″ W

The Altiplano (or Andean Plateau) is dominated by massive active volcanoes of the Central Volcanic Zone. Its height averages about 3,300 m and its climate is cool and semi-arid to arid. The Altiplano was the site of several pre-Columbian cultures,… [Read more]

Amazon Rainforest116 photos

Tambopata National Reserve - Monkey Island (070) Capuchin monkey
Amazon RainforestPeru

Coordinates: 12° 33′ 39″ S, 69° 3′ 16″ W

The Amazon rainforest, alternatively, the Amazon jungle or Amazonia, is a moist broadleaf tropical rainforest in the Amazon biome that covers most of the Amazon basin of South America. This basin encompasses 7,000,000 km², of which 5,500,000 km²… [Read more]

Arequipa155 photos

Arequipa - Santa Catalina (126)
ArequipaPeru

Coordinates: 16° 23′ 54″ S, 71° 32′ 12″ W

Located in the Andes Mountains at an altitude of 2,380 m above sea level and close to the volcano El Misti, Arequipa is the capital of the Arequipa Region in southern Peru and is the second most populous city of the country. The colonial Spanish… [Read more]

Colca123 photos

Cruz del Condor (204) Andean condor
ColcaPeru

Coordinates: 15° 38′ 29″ S, 71° 45′ 51″ W

The Colca Canyon is a canyon of the Colca River in southern Peru located about 160 km north-west of Arequipa. With up to 3,270 m, it is one of the deepest canyons in the world. The colourful valley is the home of the Andean Condor (Vultur gryphus).… [Read more]

Cusco172 photos

Cusco (069)
CuscoPeru

Coordinates: 13° 30′ 60″ S, 71° 58′ 42″ W

Cusco is the historic capital of the Inca Empire located in the south-eastern Peru, near the Urubamba Valley (Sacred Valley) of the Andes mountain range. According to an Inca legend, the city was founded by Manco Capac in the 12th century and… [Read more]

Lake Titicaca127 photos

Uros Islands (034) Lake Titicaca
Lake TiticacaPeru

Coordinates: 15° 43′ 29″ S, 69° 47′ 32″ W

Lake Titicaca is a large, deep, freshwater lake in the Andes on the border of Bolivia and Peru, often called the “highest navigable lake” in the world. By volume of water and by surface area, it is the largest lake in South America. Lake Titicaca[Read more]

Machu Picchu94 photos

Machu Picchu (128)
Machu PicchuPeru

Coordinates: 13° 9′ 48″ S, 72° 32′ 47″ W

Machu Picchu is a pre-Columbian Inca site located 2,430 m above sea level and situated on a mountain ridge above the Urubamba Valley in Peru, 80 km north-west of Cusco. Built around the year 1460 in the classical Inca style, with polished dry-stone… [Read more]

Maras78 photos

Salt ponds of Maras (Salinas) (068)
MarasPeru

Coordinates: 13° 20′ 5″ S, 72° 9′ 28″ W

Located 40 km from Cusco, the town of Maras in the Urubamba Valley (Sacred Valley of the Incas) is known for its local salt mines. Since pre-Inca times, salt has been obtained in Maras by evaporating salty water. [Read more]

Nazca82 photos

Nazca - Necropolis of Chauchilla (052)
NazcaPeru

Coordinates: 14° 41′ 39″ S, 75° 6′ 51″ W

The Nazca lines are a series of geoglyphs located in the Nazca Desert that stretches over more than 80 km and have been created by the Nazca culture between 200 BC and AD 700. There are hundreds of stylised figures (hummingbirds, spiders, monkeys,… [Read more]

Paracas65 photos

Paracas National Reservation (252) Punta Arquillo
ParacasPeru

Coordinates: 13° 54′ 28″ S, 76° 17′ 10″ W

The Paracas National Reservation (Reserva Nacional de Paracas) is located in the Ica region south of Lima with the purpose to preserve the ecosystem and to protect the historical and cultural heritage. As much as 216 species of birds are living in… [Read more]

Map

See also

Countries visited51,322 photos

Neuschwanstein Castle (160)
Neuschwanstein CastleGermany

List of countries visited worldwide. [Read more]

Austria …16 photosBelgium …507 photosBhutan …617 photosCambodia …627 photosChina …1,008 photosFrance …3,205 photosGermany …4,960 photosGreece …1,729 photosIceland …259 photosIndia …5,139 photosItaly …23,495 photosJordan …184 photosKazakhstan …371 photosLaos …1,275 photosMyanmar …670 photosNepal …1,678 photosNetherlands …2,049 photosNorway …206 photosPeru …1,512 photosRussia …381 photosSuriname …35 photosUnited States …62 photosVatican City136 photosVietnam …613 photosYemen …588 photos