Tonlé Sap24 photos

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Description

Kompong Phluk (016)
Kompong Phluk (016)

12° 51′ 19″ N, 104° 11′ 15″ E

Tonlé Sap, commonly translated to “Great Lake”, refers to a seasonally inundated freshwater lake, the Tonlé Sap Lake and an attached river, the 120 km long Tonlé Sap River, that connects the lake to the Mekong River. They form the central part of a complex hydrological system, situated in the 12,876 km² Cambodian floodplain covered with a mosaic of natural and agricultural habitats that the Mekong replenishes with water and sediments annually. The central plain formation is the result of millions of years of Mekong alluvial deposition and discharge. From a geological perspective, the Tonlé Sap Lake and Tonlé Sap River are a current freeze-frame representation of the slowly, but ever shifting Lower Mekong Basin. Annual fluctuation of the Mekong’s water volume, supplemented by the Asian Monsoon regime causes the unique flow reversal of the Tonle Sap River.

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The Tonlé Sap Lake occupies a geological depression (the lowest lying area) of the vast alluvial and lacustrine floodplain in the Lower Mekong Basin, which had been induced by the collision of the Indian Plate with the Eurasian Plate. The lake’s size, length and water volume varies considerably over the course of a year from an area of around 2,500 km², a volume of 1 km³ and a length of 160 km at the end of the dry season in late April to an area of up to 16,000 km², a volume of 80 km³ and a length of 250 km as the Mekong maximum and the peak of the South-West monsoon’s precipitation culminate in September and early October.

Photos

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Collage index

Photo index

Pictures taken with a Rolleiflex 6800 and scanned with a Nikon LS 9000 ED

Map

See also

Cambodia

Angkor Wat (005)
Angkor Wat (005)

Cambodia (ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា), the successor state of the once powerful Hindu and Buddhist Khmer Empire, has an area of about 180,000 km², sharing border with Thailand in the north and west, Laos in the north-east, and Vietnam in the east and… [Read more]

Lakes

Other sites in Cambodia

Wat Banan (004)
Wat Banan (004)

13° 0′ 56″ N, 103° 5′ 48″ E

The massive temple of Banteay Chhmar, along with its satellite shrines and reservoir (baray), comprises one of the most important and least understood archaeological complexes from Cambodia’s Angkor period. Like Angkor Thom, the temple of Banteay… [Read more]

Phnom Penh

Phnom Penh central market (001)
Phnom Penh central market (001)

11° 33′ 50″ N, 104° 55′ 52″ E

Phnom Penh, formerly known as Chaktomuk “Four Faces”, is the capital and most populous city of the Southeastern Asian country of Cambodia. Located on the banks of the Tonlé Sap and Mekong River, Phnom Penh has been the national capital since French… [Read more]

Siem Reap

Angkor Wat (005)
Angkor Wat (005)

13° 24′ 45″ N, 103° 51′ 55″ E

Siem Reap is the capital city of Siem Reap Province in northwestern Cambodia. Angkor was the capital city of the Khmer Empire, which flourished from approximately the 9th to 15th centuries. Angkor was a megacity supporting at least 0.1% of the… [Read more]