Italien

14.248 Fotos

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ItalienBesuchte Länder

Beschreibung

Forum Romanum (162)
Forum Romanum (162)

Italy, officially Repubblica Italiana, is a country located partly on the European Continent and partly on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe and on the two largest islands in the Mediterranean Sea, Sicily and Sardinia. Italy shares its northern, Alpine boundary with France, Switzerland, Austria and Slovenia. The independent states of San Marino and the Vatican City are enclaves within the Italian Peninsula, and Campione d’Italia is an Italian exclave in Switzerland.

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The land known as Italy today has been the cradle of European cultures and peoples, such as the Etruscans and the Romans. Italy’s capital, Rome, was for centuries the political centre of Western civilisation, as the capital of the Roman Empire. After its decline, Italy would endure numerous invasions by foreign peoples, from Germanic tribes such as the Lombards and Ostrogoths, to the Normans and later, the Byzantines, among others. Centuries later, Italy would become the birthplace of the Renaissance, an immensely fruitful intellectual movement that would prove to be integral in shaping the subsequent course of European thought.

Through much of its post-Roman history, Italy was fragmented into numerous kingdoms and city-states (such as the Kingdom of Sardinia, the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies and the Duchy of Milan), but was unified in 1861, a tumultuous period in history known as the “Risorgimento”. In the late 19th century, through World War I, and to World War II, Italy possessed a colonial empire, which extended its rule to Libya, Eritrea, Italian Somaliland, Ethiopia, Albania, Rhodes, the Dodecanese and a concession in Tianjin, China.

Modern Italy is a democratic republic. Italy enjoys a very high standard of living, and has a high nominal GDP per capita. It is a founding member of what is now the European Union and North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Italy is also a member of the G7, G8 and G20.

Liste der Sehenswürdigkeiten

Abruzzen484 Fotos

Apulien1.183 Fotos

Alberobello (154)
Alberobello (154)

Apulia is a region of Italy in Southern Italy bordering the Adriatic Sea in the east, the Ionian Sea to the south-east, and the Strait of Otranto and Gulf of Taranto in the south. Its southernmost portion, known as Salento peninsula, forms a high… [Mehr dazu]

Basilikata968 Fotos

Emilia-Romagna656 Fotos

Kalabrien353 Fotos

Kampanien1.621 Fotos

Procida (099)
Procida (099)

Campania is a region in southern Italy. The region has a population of around 5.8 million people, making it the second most populous region of Italy; its total area of 13,590 km² makes it the most densely populated region in the country. Located on… [Mehr dazu]

Latium5.755 Fotos

Forum Romanum (162)
Forum Romanum (162)

Lazio is one of the 20 administrative regions of Italy, situated in the central peninsular section of the country. With about 5.7 million residents and a GDP of more than 170 billion euros, Lazio is the third most populated region of Italy, and has… [Mehr dazu]

Ligurien188 Fotos

Molise26 Fotos

Castelpetroso (021)
Castelpetroso (021)

Molise is a region of Southern Italy. Until 1963, it formed part of the region of Abruzzi e Molise, alongside the region of Abruzzo. The split, which did not become effective until 1970, makes Molise the newest region in Italy. The region covers… [Mehr dazu]

Toskana1.262 Fotos

Florenz (235)
Florenz (235)

Tuscany is a region in central Italy with an area of about 23,000 km² and a population of about 3.8 million inhabitants. The regional capital is Florence (Firenze). Tuscany is known for its landscapes, traditions, history, artistic legacy and its… [Mehr dazu]

Umbrien359 Fotos

Venetien1.393 Fotos

Karte

Siehe auch

Besuchte Länder35.096 Fotos

Schloss Neuschwanstein (160)
Schloss Neuschwanstein (160)

Liste der besuchten Länder weltweit. [Mehr dazu]