Alemania

4.189 fotos

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AlemaniaPaíses visitados

Descripción

Oktoberfest (Múnich) (0245) 2013
Oktoberfest (Múnich) (0245)2013

Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a federal parliamentary republic in west-central Europe. The country consists of 16 states, and its capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km² and has a largely temperate seasonal climate. With 81.8 million inhabitants, it is the most populous member state in the European Union. Germany is one of the major political and economic powers of the European continent and a historic leader in many theoretical and technical fields.

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A region named Germania, inhabited by several Germanic peoples, was documented before AD 100. During the Migration Period, the Germanic tribes expanded southward and established successor kingdoms throughout much of Europe. Beginning in the 10th century, German territories formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire. During the 16th century, northern German regions became the centre of the Protestant Reformation while southern and western parts remained dominated by Roman Catholic denominations, with the two factions clashing in the Thirty Years’ War, marking the beginning of the Catholic-Protestant divide that has characterised German society ever since. Occupied during the Napoleonic Wars, the rise of Pan-Germanism inside the German Confederation resulted in the unification of most of the German states in 1871 into the German Empire, which was Prussian dominated.

After the German Revolution of 1918-1919 and the subsequent military surrender in World War I, the Empire was replaced by the parliamentary Weimar Republic in 1918, and some of its territory partitioned in the Treaty of Versailles. Despite its lead in many scientific and artistic fields at this time, amidst the Great Depression, the Third Reich was established in 1933. The latter period was marked by fascism and World War II. After 1945, Germany was divided by allied occupation, and evolved into two states, East Germany and West Germany. In 1990, the country was reunified. Germany was a founding member of the European Community in 1957, which became the EU in 1993. It is part of the Schengen Area, and since 1999, a member of the euro area. Germany is a great power and member of the United Nations, NATO, the G8, the G20, the OECD and the Council of Europe, and took a non-permanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2011-2012 term.

Germany has the world’s fourth largest economy by nominal GDP and the fifth largest by purchasing power parity. Subsequently, it is the second largest exporter and third largest importer of goods. The country has developed a very high standard of living and features a comprehensive system of social security, which includes the world’s oldest universal health care system. Germany has been the home of many influential philosophers, music composers, scientists and inventors, and is known for its rich cultural and political history.

Lista de lugares

Abadía de Fürstenfeld158 fotos

Abadía de Ottobeuren68 fotos

Abadía de Weltenburg29 fotos

Abensberg44 fotos

Altötting94 fotos

Augsburgo62 fotos

Barmsee4 fotos

Befreiungshalle57 fotos

Burghausen100 fotos

Castillo de Neuschwanstein17 fotos

Cervecería de Schönthal26 fotos

Eibsee21 fotos

Garganta de Höllental47 fotos

Garganta de Partnach67 fotos

Geroldsee (Wagenbrüchsee)30 fotos

Harburg47 fotos

Hintersee (Ramsauer Ache)13 fotos

Iglesia de Wies47 fotos

Kallmünz15 fotos

Kochelsee10 fotos

Königssee52 fotos

Lago Ammer53 fotos

Linderhof72 fotos

Lüftlmalerei208 fotos

Maria Gern14 fotos

Maxhütte (Sulzbach-Rosenberg)226 fotos

Molino Schuierer82 fotos

Monasterio de la Virgen María y San Miguel70 fotos

Múnich1.926 fotos

Oktoberfest (Múnich) (0245) 2013
Oktoberfest (Múnich) (0245)2013

Munich (München) is the capital and the largest city of the German state of Bavaria. It is located on the Isar River north of the Bavarian Alps. Munich is the third largest city in Germany, behind Berlin and Hamburg. About 1.42 million people live… [Leer más]

Museo al aire libre Glentleiten114 fotos

Museo de la granja de Amerang51 fotos

Natividad de María (Rottenbuch)29 fotos

Núremberg80 fotos

Paisajes de Baviera3 fotos

Ramsau16 fotos

Ratisbona13 fotos

Rothenburg ob der Tauber100 fotos

Walhalla107 fotos

Wallfahrtskirche Wilparting17 fotos

Mapa

Ver también

Países visitados35.096 fotos

Castillo de Neuschwanstein (160)
Castillo de Neuschwanstein (160)

Lista de países visitados en todo el mundo. [Leer más]