Ámsterdam (151)

Países Bajos2.049 fotos

Descripción

The Netherlands is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, located mainly in North-West Europe and with some islands in the Caribbean. Mainland Netherlands borders the North Sea to the north and west, Belgium to the south, and Germany to the east, and shares maritime borders with Belgium, Germany and the United Kingdom. It is a parliamentary democracy organised as a unitary state. The country capital is Amsterdam and the seat of government is The Hague. The Netherlands in its entirety is often referred to as Holland, although North and South Holland are actually only two of its twelve provinces.

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The Netherlands is a geographically low-lying country, with about 25% of its area and 21% of its population located below sea level, and 50% of its land lying less than one metre above sea level. This distinct feature contributes to the country’s name, its name literally means “(The) Low Countries”. Most of the areas below sea level are man-made, caused by centuries of extensive and poorly controlled peat extraction, lowering the surface by several meters. Even in flooded areas peat extraction continued through turf dredging. As from the late 16th century land reclamation started and large polder areas are now preserved through elaborate drainage systems with dikes, canals and pumping stations. Much of The Netherlands is formed by the estuary of three important European rivers, which together with their distributaries form the Rhine-Meuse-Scheldt delta. Most of the country is very flat, with the exception of foothills in the far south-east and several low-hill ranges in the central parts.

The Netherlands was one of the first countries to have an elected parliament. Among other affiliations, the country is a founding member of the EU, NATO, OECD and WTO. Netherlands has the ninth-highest per capita income in the world. With Belgium and Luxembourg it forms the Benelux economic union. The country is host to the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons and five international courts: the Permanent Court of Arbitration, the International Court of Justice, the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, the International Criminal Court and the Special Tribunal for Lebanon. The first four are situated in The Hague as is the EU’s criminal intelligence agency Europol and judicial co-operation agency Eurojust. This has led to the city being dubbed “the world’s legal capital”.

Lista de lugares

Alkmaar40 fotos

Alkmaar (045)
AlkmaarPaíses Bajos

Coordenadas: 52° 37′ 54″ N, 4° 45′ 1″ E

Alkmaar is famous for its traditional cheese market from April until early September. The oldest part of Alkmaar, with 400 monuments, lies on an ancient sand bank that gave some protection from the sea during medieval times. The earliest mention of… [Leer más]

Almere106 fotos

Almere (081) Block 16 (The Wave) - René van Zuuk Architecten
AlmerePaíses Bajos

Coordenadas: 52° 22′ 0″ N, 5° 12′ 58″ E

Almere is one of the youngest cities in the Netherlands. The first house was finished in 1976. It is the largest municipality in Flevoland, and the 8th largest in the Netherlands. In October 2007, the city council of Almere made agreements with the… [Leer más]

Amersfoort14 fotos

Amersfoort (016) Koppelpoort
AmersfoortPaíses Bajos

Coordenadas: 52° 9′ 32″ N, 5° 23′ 7″ E

The old town of Amersfoort east of Utrecht, is built inside the old defence ring. Remains of settlements in the Amersfoort area from around 1000 BC have been found, but the name Amersfoort, after a ford in the Amer River, today called the Eem, did… [Leer más]

Ámsterdam121 fotos

Ámsterdam (137)
ÁmsterdamPaíses Bajos

Coordenadas: 52° 21′ 49″ N, 4° 53′ 46″ E

Amsterdam is the capital of the Netherlands, located in the province of North Holland in the west of the country. Its name is derived from Amstellerdam, indicative of the city’s origin: a dam in the Amstel River. Settled as a small fishing village… [Leer más]

Bergen op Zoom4 fotos

Bergen op Zoom (005) Markiezenhof
Bergen op ZoomPaíses Bajos

Coordenadas: 51° 29′ 45″ N, 4° 17′ 5″ E

Bergen op Zoom is a city located in the south of the Netherlands. It was granted city status probably in 1212. In 1287 the city and its surroundings became a lordship as it was separated from the lordship of Breda. The lordship was elevated to a… [Leer más]

Bolduque37 fotos

Bolduque (002) Catedral de San Juan
BolduquePaíses Bajos

Coordenadas: 51° 41′ 16″ N, 5° 18′ 31″ E

’s-Hertogenbosch (Bois-le-Duc) was founded in 1185 by Henry I of Brabant and became in 1815 the capital of North Brabant. The Gothic Church of Sint Jan (St John) was built from the end of the 14th to the 16th century on the site of a 13th century… [Leer más]

Delft43 fotos

Delft (005) Nieuwe Kerk (Nueva Iglesia)
DelftPaíses Bajos

Coordenadas: 52° 0′ 42″ N, 4° 21′ 34″ E

Delft, in the province of Zuid-Holland, is located in between Rotterdam and The Hague. It is primarily known for its typically Dutch town centre with canals, the painter Vermeer, the Delft Blue Pottery, the Delft University of Technology, and its… [Leer más]

Enkhuizen126 fotos

Enkhuizen (100) Zuiderzeemuseum
EnkhuizenPaíses Bajos

Coordenadas: 52° 42′ 30″ N, 5° 17′ 58″ E

Enkhuizen, in the region of West-Frisia, was one of the harbour-towns of the VOC, just like Hoorn and Amsterdam, from where overseas trade with the East Indies was conducted. It received city rights in 1355. In the mid-17th century, Enkhuizen was… [Leer más]

Gouda42 fotos

Gouda (069) Ayuntamiento del siglo XV
GoudaPaíses Bajos

Coordenadas: 52° 0′ 41″ N, 4° 42′ 38″ E

Gouda is famous for its cheese and cheese market held on the square around the Stadhuis. The cheese is not made in the city itself but in the surrounding region and gets its name from being traded in Gouda where the city council provided a serious… [Leer más]

Groninga134 fotos

Groninga (052) Museo de Groninga
GroningaPaíses Bajos

Coordenadas: 53° 12′ 44″ N, 6° 33′ 56″ E

Groningen is the capital city of the province of Groningen in the Netherlands. With a population of around 188,000, it is by far the largest city in the north of the Netherlands. Groningen is a university city, inhabited on average by about 50,000… [Leer más]

Haarlem51 fotos

Haarlem (018)
HaarlemPaíses Bajos

Coordenadas: 52° 23′ 1″ N, 4° 38′ 31″ E

Haarlem, in the past usually Harlem in English, is the capital of the province of North Holland, the northern half of Holland, which at one time was the most powerful of the seven provinces of the Netherlands. Haarlem lies in the northern part of… [Leer más]

Haarzuilens61 fotos

Castillo De Haar (012)
HaarzuilensPaíses Bajos

Coordenadas: 52° 7′ 19″ N, 4° 59′ 7″ E

The De Haar Castle (Kasteel de Haar) in Haarzuilens was built from 1892 till 1912 largely incorporating the 15th century ruins of the original castle. Founded in the 14th century on sediment deposits along a blind arm of the Rhine River, it was… [Leer más]

Heemskerk19 fotos

Castillo de Assumburg (004)
HeemskerkPaíses Bajos

Coordenadas: 52° 30′ 19″ N, 4° 41′ 6″ E

The Castel Assumburg (Kasteel Assumburg, Slot Assumburg), located on the eastside of Heemskerk, was built from the remains of Castel Oud Haerlem in 1546. Already n the 13th and 14th centuries, the castle was known as Williaems Woninghe van Velsen[Leer más]

Heeswijk27 fotos

Castillo de Heeswijk (027)
HeeswijkPaíses Bajos

Coordenadas: 51° 39′ 20″ N, 5° 26′ 27″ E

The Castle Heeswijk (Kasteel Heeswijk) is a water citadel between s-Hertogenbosch and Eindhoven. It dates back to year 1080 and was gradually replaced by a large castle throughout the Middle Ages. Heeswijk Castle was built on a meander of the small … [Leer más]

Hilversum42 fotos

Hilversum (017) Netherlands Institute for Sound and Vision
HilversumPaíses Bajos

Coordenadas: 52° 14′ 6″ N, 5° 10′ 24″ E

Hilversum, located in the region called “Het Gooi”, 30 km south-east of Amsterdam and 20 km north of Utrecht, is the largest town in that area. It is surrounded by heathland, woods, meadows, lakes, and smaller villages. Hilversum is part of the … [Leer más]

Hoensbroek4 fotos

Hoensbroek (004) Castillo de Hoensbroek
HoensbroekPaíses Bajos

Coordenadas: 50° 54′ 59″ N, 5° 55′ 1″ E

Castle Hoensbroek or Gebrookhoes (Castle Gebrook) is one of the largest castles in the Netherlands. It is situated in Hoensbroek, a town in the province of Limburg. This imposing water-castle is known as the lordliest stronghold between Rhine and … [Leer más]

Hoorn52 fotos

Hoorn (007) Hoofdtoren de 1464 - Antigua torre de control del puerto
HoornPaíses Bajos

Coordenadas: 52° 38′ 13″ N, 5° 3′ 48″ E

Hoorn, in the province of North Holland, is located on the IJsselmeer, 35 km north of Amsterdam, and acquired city rights in 1357. [Leer más]

Katwijk aan Zee17 fotos

Katwijk aan Zee (049)
Katwijk aan ZeePaíses Bajos

Coordenadas: 52° 12′ 21″ N, 4° 23′ 36″ E

Katwijk aan Zee is a seaside resort located on the North Sea at the mouth of the Oude Rijn. The name “Katwijk” probably has its origins in the name of a Germanic tribe called the Chatten (Chatti). The Dutch word “wijk” means “area”, so the name… [Leer más]

Kinderdijk70 fotos

Kinderdijk (060) Molinos de viento
KinderdijkPaíses Bajos

Coordenadas: 51° 53′ 17″ N, 4° 38′ 16″ E

Kinderdijk, in the province South Holland, is located about 15 km east of Rotterdam and situated in a polder at the confluence of the Lek and Noord rivers. To drain the polder, a system of 19 windmills was built around 1740. This group of mills is… [Leer más]

Leiden17 fotos

Leiden (150)
LeidenPaíses Bajos

Coordenadas: 52° 9′ 42″ N, 4° 29′ 8″ E

Leiden is a city in the Dutch province of South Holland, located on the Old Rhine, in a distance of some 20 km from The Hague in its south and some 40 km from Amsterdam in its north. A university town since 1575, Leiden houses Leiden University and … [Leer más]

Lelystad97 fotos

Batavia (098)
LelystadPaíses Bajos

Coordenadas: 52° 31′ 21″ N, 5° 26′ 6″ E

Lelystad is a city in the centre of the Netherlands, and it is the capital of the province of Flevoland. The city, built on reclaimed land, was founded in 1967 and was named after Cornelis Lely, who engineered the Afsluitdijk, making the reclaiming… [Leer más]

Maastricht73 fotos

Maastricht (010) Teatro en el Vrijthof
MaastrichtPaíses Bajos

Coordenadas: 50° 50′ 55″ N, 5° 41′ 16″ E

Maastricht is a city in the southern part of the Dutch province of Limburg, of which it is the capital. The city is situated on both sides of the Meuse River in the south-eastern part of the Netherlands, on the Belgian border and near the German… [Leer más]

Marken62 fotos

Marken (004)
MarkenPaíses Bajos

Coordenadas: 52° 27′ 32″ N, 5° 6′ 4″ E

Marken, a peninsula in the IJsselmeer, is located in the municipality Waterland in the province North Holland. It is a former island, which nowadays is connected to the North Holland mainland by a causeway. Also, Marken is well-known for its… [Leer más]

Middelburg48 fotos

Middelburg (016) Ayuntamiento del siglo XVI
MiddelburgPaíses Bajos

Coordenadas: 51° 29′ 56″ N, 3° 36′ 41″ E

Middelburg is a city in the south-western Netherlands and the capital of the province of Zeeland. The city of Middelburg dates back to the early 9th century. In 844 a monastery was built on the site, which remained in use until the Eighty Years’ War[Leer más]

Muiderslot22 fotos

Castillo de Muiden (022)
MuiderslotPaíses Bajos

Coordenadas: 52° 20′ 3″ N, 5° 4′ 19″ E

The Muiderslot is a castle in the Netherlands, located at the mouth of the Vecht River, some 15 km south-east of Amsterdam, in Muiden, where it flows into what used to be the Zuiderzee. [Leer más]

Oudenbosch22 fotos

Basílica de Santa Ágata y Santa Bárbara (003)
OudenboschPaíses Bajos

Coordenadas: 51° 35′ 21″ N, 4° 31′ 44″ E

The Basilica van de HH Agatha en Barbara was built in 1865 by the architect Pierre Cuypers as a replica of the Basilica San Pietro in Vaticano after the return of the Zouaves who set out their journey from Oudenboch to defend the Pope against … [Leer más]

Róterdam160 fotos

Róterdam (142) Casas cubo
RóterdamPaíses Bajos

Coordenadas: 51° 55′ 14″ N, 4° 29′ 25″ E

Rotterdam is a city in the Dutch province of South Holland, situated in the West of the Netherlands. The municipality is the second largest in the country. The port of Rotterdam is the largest in Europe. From 1962 to 2004 it was the world’s busiest… [Leer más]

Scheveningen123 fotos

Scheveningen (029) Muelle de Scheveningen
ScheveningenPaíses Bajos

Coordenadas: 52° 6′ 39″ N, 4° 16′ 43″ E

Scheveningen is a modern seaside resort with a long sandy beach, an esplanade, a pier, and a lighthouse. The beach is popular for water sports like windsurfing and kiteboarding. The Beelden aan Zee (“Pictures to the sea”) museum in the Scheveningen[Leer más]

Slochteren16 fotos

Slochteren (005) Mansión Fraeylemaborg
SlochterenPaíses Bajos

Coordenadas: 53° 12′ 56″ N, 6° 48′ 32″ E

Slochteren is a municipality in the north-eastern Netherlands, characterised as a chain of small villages dividing a mostly agricultural landscape. Having an agricultural background for at least a thousand years, the community houses for the most… [Leer más]

Voorschoten41 fotos

Kasteel Duivenvoorde (005)
VoorschotenPaíses Bajos

Coordenadas: 52° 6′ 39″ N, 4° 25′ 8″ E

The Kasteel Duivenvoorde in the town of Voorschoten close to Vassenaar, is one of the oldest castle in Zuid-Holland. It was first mentioned in 1226. The first five centuries, the castle was owned by family Van Duvenvoirde part of the House of[Leer más]

Zaanse Schans78 fotos

Zaanse Schans (083)
Zaanse SchansPaíses Bajos

Coordenadas: 52° 28′ 24″ N, 4° 49′ 19″ E

Zaanse Schans is a neighbourhood of Zaandam, near Zaandijk in the province of North Holland. It has a collection of well-preserved historic windmills and houses; the ca. 35 houses from all over the Zaanstreek were moved to the museum area in the… [Leer más]

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Países visitados51.322 fotos

Castillo de Neuschwanstein (160)
Castillo de NeuschwansteinAlemania

Lista de países visitados en todo el mundo. [Leer más]

Alemania …4.960 fotosAustria …16 fotosBélgica …507 fotosBirmania …670 fotosBután …617 fotosCamboya …627 fotosChina …1.008 fotosCiudad del Vaticano136 fotosEstados Unidos …62 fotosFrancia …3.205 fotosGrecia …1.729 fotosIndia …5.139 fotosIslandia …259 fotosItalia …23.495 fotosJordania …184 fotosKazajistán …371 fotosLaos …1.275 fotosNepal …1.678 fotosNoruega …206 fotosPaíses Bajos …2.049 fotosPerú …1.512 fotosRusia …381 fotosSurinam …35 fotosVietnam …613 fotosYemen …588 fotos