Machu Picchu (077)

Perú1.512 fotos

Descripción

Peru, officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America. It is bordered on the north by Ecuador and Colombia, on the east by Brazil, on the south-east by Bolivia, on the south by Chile, and on the west by the Pacific Ocean. Peruvian territory was home to ancient cultures spanning from the Norte Chico civilization, one of the oldest in the world, to the Inca Empire, the largest state in Pre-Columbian America. The Spanish Empire conquered the region in the 16th century and established a Viceroyalty, which included most of its South American colonies. After achieving independence in 1821, Peru has undergone periods of political unrest and fiscal crisis as well as periods of stability and economic upswing.

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Its geography varies from the arid plains of the Pacific Coast to the peaks of the Andes Mountains and the tropical forests of the Amazon Basin. Its main economic activities include agriculture, fishing, mining, and manufacturing of products such as textiles. Peru is a representative democratic republic divided into 25 regions:

The Peruvian population, estimated at 29.5 million, is multi-ethnic, including Amerindians, Europeans, Africans, and Asians. The main spoken language is Spanish, although a significant number of Peruvians speak Quechua or other native languages. This mixture of cultural traditions has resulted in a wide diversity of expressions in fields such as art, cuisine, literature, and music.

Lista de lugares

Altiplano93 fotos

Altiplano (257)
AltiplanoPerú

Coordenadas: 16° 2′ 46″ S, 71° 24′ 10″ O

The Altiplano (or Andean Plateau) is dominated by massive active volcanoes of the Central Volcanic Zone. Its height averages about 3,300 m and its climate is cool and semi-arid to arid. The Altiplano was the site of several pre-Columbian cultures,… [Leer más]

Arequipa155 fotos

Arequipa - Santa Catalina (126)
ArequipaPerú

Coordenadas: 16° 23′ 54″ S, 71° 32′ 12″ O

Located in the Andes Mountains at an altitude of 2,380 m above sea level and close to the volcano El Misti, Arequipa is the capital of the Arequipa Region in southern Peru and is the second most populous city of the country. The colonial Spanish… [Leer más]

Colca123 fotos

Cruz del Condor (204) Cóndor andino
ColcaPerú

Coordenadas: 15° 38′ 29″ S, 71° 45′ 51″ O

The Colca Canyon is a canyon of the Colca River in southern Peru located about 160 km north-west of Arequipa. With up to 3,270 m, it is one of the deepest canyons in the world. The colourful valley is the home of the Andean Condor (Vultur gryphus).… [Leer más]

Cusco172 fotos

Cusco (069)
CuscoPerú

Coordenadas: 13° 30′ 60″ S, 71° 58′ 42″ O

Cusco is the historic capital of the Inca Empire located in the south-eastern Peru, near the Urubamba Valley (Sacred Valley) of the Andes mountain range. According to an Inca legend, the city was founded by Manco Capac in the 12th century and… [Leer más]

Lago Titicaca127 fotos

Islas de los Uros (034) Lago Titicaca
Lago TiticacaPerú

Coordenadas: 15° 43′ 29″ S, 69° 47′ 32″ O

Lake Titicaca is a large, deep, freshwater lake in the Andes on the border of Bolivia and Peru, often called the “highest navigable lake” in the world. By volume of water and by surface area, it is the largest lake in South America. Lake Titicaca[Leer más]

Machu Picchu94 fotos

Machu Picchu (128)
Machu PicchuPerú

Coordenadas: 13° 9′ 48″ S, 72° 32′ 47″ O

Machu Picchu is a pre-Columbian Inca site located 2,430 m above sea level and situated on a mountain ridge above the Urubamba Valley in Peru, 80 km north-west of Cusco. Built around the year 1460 in the classical Inca style, with polished dry-stone… [Leer más]

Maras78 fotos

Salinas de Maras (068)
MarasPerú

Coordenadas: 13° 20′ 5″ S, 72° 9′ 28″ O

Located 40 km from Cusco, the town of Maras in the Urubamba Valley (Sacred Valley of the Incas) is known for its local salt mines. Since pre-Inca times, salt has been obtained in Maras by evaporating salty water. [Leer más]

Nazca82 fotos

Nazca - Necrópolis de Chauchilla (052)
NazcaPerú

Coordenadas: 14° 41′ 39″ S, 75° 6′ 51″ O

The Nazca lines are a series of geoglyphs located in the Nazca Desert that stretches over more than 80 km and have been created by the Nazca culture between 200 BC and AD 700. There are hundreds of stylised figures (hummingbirds, spiders, monkeys,… [Leer más]

Paracas65 fotos

Reserva Nacional de Paracas (252) Punta Arquillo
ParacasPerú

Coordenadas: 13° 54′ 28″ S, 76° 17′ 10″ O

The Paracas National Reservation (Reserva Nacional de Paracas) is located in the Ica region south of Lima with the purpose to preserve the ecosystem and to protect the historical and cultural heritage. As much as 216 species of birds are living in… [Leer más]

Selva Amazónica116 fotos

Reserva nacional Tambopata - Monkey Island (070) Mono capuchino
Selva AmazónicaPerú

Coordenadas: 12° 33′ 39″ S, 69° 3′ 16″ O

The Amazon rainforest, alternatively, the Amazon jungle or Amazonia, is a moist broadleaf tropical rainforest in the Amazon biome that covers most of the Amazon basin of South America. This basin encompasses 7,000,000 km², of which 5,500,000 km²… [Leer más]

Mapa

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Países visitados51.304 fotos

Castillo de Neuschwanstein (160)
Castillo de NeuschwansteinAlemania

Lista de países visitados en todo el mundo. [Leer más]

Alemania …4.938 fotosAustria …16 fotosBélgica …507 fotosBirmania …670 fotosBután …617 fotosCamboya …627 fotosChina …1.008 fotosCiudad del Vaticano136 fotosEstados Unidos …62 fotosFrancia …3.205 fotosGrecia …1.729 fotosIndia …5.139 fotosIslandia …259 fotosItalia …23.499 fotosJordania …184 fotosKazajistán …371 fotosLaos …1.275 fotosNepal …1.678 fotosNoruega …206 fotosPaíses Bajos …2.049 fotosPerú …1.512 fotosRusia …381 fotosSurinam …35 fotosVietnam …613 fotosYemen …588 fotos