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Narrowly, Hadhramaut (Hadhramout, Hadramawt or Ḥaḍramūt) refers to the historical Qu’aiti and Kathiri sultanates, which were in the Aden Protectorate overseen by the British Resident at Aden until their abolition upon the independence of South Yemen in 1967. The Qu’aiti sultans ruled the vast majority of Hadhramaut, under a loose British protectorate, the Aden Protectorate, from 1882 to 1967, when the Hadhramaut was annexed by South Yemen. The Qu’aiti dynasty was founded by ’Umar bin Awadh al-Qu’aiti, a Yafa’i tribesman whose wealth and influence as hereditary Jemadar of the Nizam of Hyderabad’s armed forces enabled him to establish the Qu’aiti dynasty in the latter half of the 19th century, winning British recognition of his paramount status in the region, in 1882. The British Government and the traditional and scholarly sultan Ali bin Salah signed a treaty in 1937 appointing the British government as “advisors” in Hadhramaut. The British exiled him to Aden in 1945, but the Protectorate lasted until 1967.
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Aden is a port city in Yemen, located by the eastern approach to the Red Sea (the Gulf of Aden), some 170 km east of Bab-el-Mandeb. Aden’s ancient, natural harbour lies in the crater of a dormant volcano which now forms a peninsula, joined to the… [Leer más]
Sana’a is the largest city in Yemen and the centre of Sana’a Governorate. The city is not part of the Governorate, but forms the separate administrative district of “Amanat Al-Asemah”. Under the Yemeni constitution, Sana’a is the capital of the… [Leer más]
Shibam (often referred to as Shibam Hadhramaut) is a town in Yemen. It is the seat of the Shibam District in the Hadhramaut Governorate. It is famous for its mudbrick-made high-rise buildings. The first known inscription about the city dates from… [Leer más]
Taiz (Arabic: Ta’izz) is a city in the Yemeni Highlands, near the famous Mocha (Moka or Mokka) port on the Red Sea, lying at an elevation of about 1,400 m above sea level. It is the capital of Taiz Governorate. It is the third largest city in… [Leer más]
Dating to the Himyarite period, the town of Thula is very well preserved and includes traditional houses and mosques. Archaeological investigation discovered Sabaean period ruins with massive stone architecture beneath the Himyarite. Thula is one… [Leer más]
Yemen: The Republic of Yemen (ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻬﻮﺭﯾّﺔ اليمنية) in the Arabian Peninsula in Southwest Asia was between 2200 BC and the 6th century AD part of several kingdoms like the Sabaean one. Islamic caliphs began in the 7th century to control the area.… [Leer más]