Perù1.335 foto

Descrizione

Machu Picchu (128)
Machu Picchu (128)

Peru, officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America. It is bordered on the north by Ecuador and Colombia, on the east by Brazil, on the south-east by Bolivia, on the south by Chile, and on the west by the Pacific Ocean. Peruvian territory was home to ancient cultures spanning from the Norte Chico civilization, one of the oldest in the world, to the Inca Empire, the largest state in Pre-Columbian America. The Spanish Empire conquered the region in the 16th century and established a Viceroyalty, which included most of its South American colonies. After achieving independence in 1821, Peru has undergone periods of political unrest and fiscal crisis as well as periods of stability and economic upswing.

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Its geography varies from the arid plains of the Pacific Coast to the peaks of the Andes Mountains and the tropical forests of the Amazon Basin. Its main economic activities include agriculture, fishing, mining, and manufacturing of products such as textiles. Peru is a representative democratic republic divided into 25 regions:

The Peruvian population, estimated at 29.5 million, is multi-ethnic, including Amerindians, Europeans, Africans, and Asians. The main spoken language is Spanish, although a significant number of Peruvians speak Quechua or other native languages. This mixture of cultural traditions has resulted in a wide diversity of expressions in fields such as art, cuisine, literature, and music.

Elenco dei siti

Altiplano92 foto

Altiplano (257)
AltiplanoPerù

Coordinate: 16° 2′ 46″ S, 71° 24′ 10″ O

The Altiplano is dominated by massive active volcanoes of the Central Volcanic Zone. Its height averages about 3,300 m and its climate is cool and semi-arid to arid. [Per saperne di più]

Arequipa155 foto

Santa Catalina (126)
ArequipaPerù

Coordinate: 16° 23′ 54″ S, 71° 32′ 12″ O

Located in the Andes Mountains at an altitude of 2,380 m above sea level and close to the volcano El Misti, Arequipa is the capital of the Arequipa Region in southern Peru and is the second most populous city of the country. The colonial Spanish… [Per saperne di più]

Colca148 foto

Cruz del Condor (204)
ColcaPerù

Coordinate: 15° 38′ 29″ S, 71° 45′ 51″ O

The Colca Canyon is a canyon of the Colca River in southern Peru located about 160 km north-west of Arequipa. With up to 3,500 m, it is twice as deep as the Grand Canyon. The colourful valley is the home of the Andean Condor (Vultur gryphus). The… [Per saperne di più]

Cusco173 foto

Cusco (069)
CuscoPerù

Coordinate: 13° 30′ 60″ S, 71° 58′ 42″ O

Cuzco is the historic capital of the Inca Empire located in the south-eastern Peru, near the Urubamba Valley (Sacred Valley) of the Andes mountain range. According to an Inca legend, the city was founded by Manco Capac in the 12th century and… [Per saperne di più]

Machu Picchu94 foto

Machu Picchu (128)
Machu PicchuPerù

Coordinate: 13° 9′ 48″ S, 72° 32′ 47″ O

Machu Picchu is a pre-Columbian Inca site located 2,430 m above sea level and situated on a mountain ridge above the Urubamba Valley in Peru, 80 km north-west of Cuzco. Built around the year 1460 in the classical Inca style, with polished dry-stone… [Per saperne di più]

Maras80 foto

Salinas de Maras (068)
MarasPerù

Coordinate: 13° 20′ 5″ S, 72° 9′ 28″ O

Located 40 km from Cuzco, the town of Maras in the Urubamba Valley (Sacred Valley of the Incas) is known for its local salt mines. Since pre-Inca times, salt has been obtained in Maras by evaporating salty water. [Per saperne di più]

Nazca80 foto

Necropolis of Chauchilla (052)
NazcaPerù

Coordinate: 14° 41′ 39″ S, 75° 6′ 51″ O

The Nazca lines are a series of geoglyphs located in the Nazca Desert that stretches over more than 80 km and have been created by the Nazca culture between 200 BC and AD 700. There are hundreds of stylised figures (hummingbirds, spiders, monkeys,… [Per saperne di più]

Paracas58 foto

Paracas (252)
ParacasPerù

Coordinate: 13° 54′ 28″ S, 76° 17′ 10″ O

The Paracas National Reservation is located in the Ica region south of Lima with the purpose to preserve the ecosystem and to protect the historical and cultural heritage. As much as 216 species of birds are living in the reserve. The desert area… [Per saperne di più]

Mappa

Vedi anche

Paesi visitati35.201 foto

Castello di Neuschwanstein (160)
Castello di NeuschwansteinGermania

Elenco dei paesi visitati in tutto il mondo. [Per saperne di più]

Austria …16 fotoBelgio …277 fotoBhutan …255 fotoBirmania …308 fotoCambogia …265 fotoCina …284 fotoCittà del Vaticano136 fotoFrancia …2.568 fotoGermania …4.257 fotoGiordania …184 fotoGrecia …1.630 fotoIndia …3.871 fotoIslanda …194 fotoItalia …14.222 fotoKazakistan …371 fotoLaos …1.162 fotoNepal …954 fotoNorvegia …138 fotoPaesi Bassi …1.819 fotoPerù …1.335 fotoRussia …381 fotoStati Uniti …62 fotoSuriname …35 fotoVietnam …251 fotoYemen …226 foto