Perù

[1335 foto]

Descrizione

Machu Picchu (128)
Machu Picchu (128)

Peru, officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America. It is bordered on the north by Ecuador and Colombia, on the east by Brazil, on the south-east by Bolivia, on the south by Chile, and on the west by the Pacific Ocean. Peruvian territory was home to ancient cultures spanning from the Norte Chico civilization, one of the oldest in the world, to the Inca Empire, the largest state in Pre-Columbian America. The Spanish Empire conquered the region in the 16th century and established a Viceroyalty, which included most of its South American colonies. After achieving independence in 1821, Peru has undergone periods of political unrest and fiscal crisis as well as periods of stability and economic upswing.

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Its geography varies from the arid plains of the Pacific Coast to the peaks of the Andes Mountains and the tropical forests of the Amazon Basin. Its main economic activities include agriculture, fishing, mining, and manufacturing of products such as textiles. Peru is a representative democratic republic divided into 25 regions:

The Peruvian population, estimated at 29.5 million, is multi-ethnic, including Amerindians, Europeans, Africans, and Asians. The main spoken language is Spanish, although a significant number of Peruvians speak Quechua or other native languages. This mixture of cultural traditions has resulted in a wide diversity of expressions in fields such as art, cuisine, literature, and music.

Elenco dei siti

Altiplano

Altri Siti Inca

Arequipa

Arequipa (3)
Arequipa (3)
16° 23′ 54″ S, 71° 32′ 12″ O

Located in the Andes Mountains at an altitude of 2,380 m above sea level and close to the volcano El Misti, Arequipa is the capital of the Arequipa Region in southern Peru and is the second most populous city of the country. The colonial Spanish… [Per saperne di più]

Colca

Cabanaconde (1)
Cabanaconde (1)
15° 37′ 21″ S, 71° 58′ 44″ O

The Colca Canyon is a canyon of the Colca River in southern Peru located about 160 km north-west of Arequipa. With up to 3,500 m, it is twice as deep as the Grand Canyon. The colourful valley is the home of the Andean Condor (Vultur gryphus). The… [Per saperne di più]

Cusco

Foresta Amazzonica

Lago Titicaca

Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu (1)
Machu Picchu (1)
13° 9′ 48″ S, 72° 32′ 47″ O

Machu Picchu is a pre-Columbian Inca site located 2,430 m above sea level and situated on a mountain ridge above the Urubamba Valley in Peru, 80 km north-west of Cuzco. Built around the year 1460 in the classical Inca style, with polished dry-stone… [Per saperne di più]

Maras

Nazca

Necropolis of Chauchilla (1)
Necropolis of Chauchilla (1)
14° 58′ 58″ S, 74° 55′ 34″ O

The Nazca lines are a series of geoglyphs located in the Nazca Desert that stretches over more than 80 km and have been created by the Nazca culture between 200 BC and AD 700. There are hundreds of stylised figures (hummingbirds, spiders, monkeys,… [Per saperne di più]

Paracas

Islas Ballestas (1)
Islas Ballestas (1)
13° 38′ 32″ S, 76° 24′ 12″ O

The Paracas National Reservation is located in the Ica region south of Lima with the purpose to preserve the ecosystem and to protect the historical and cultural heritage. As much as 216 species of birds are living in the reserve. The desert area… [Per saperne di più]

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