Alemanha …4 257 fotosÁustria …16 fotosBélgica …280 fotosButão …255 fotosCamboja …265 fotosCazaquistão …376 fotosChina …284 fotosCidade do Vaticano136 fotosEstados Unidos …62 fotosFrança …2 650 fotosGrécia …1 630 fotosIémen …226 fotosÍndia …3 871 fotosIslândia …194 fotosItália …14 222 fotosJordânia …184 fotosLaos …1 162 fotosMyanmar …308 fotosNepal …954 fotosNoruega …138 fotosPaíses Baixos …1 995 fotosPeru …1 335 fotosRússia …386 fotosSuriname …35 fotosVietnã …251 fotosBaikonur205 fotosCosmódromo de Baikonur171 fotosMoscou10 fotosAlpes …314 fotosArquiteturas e edifícios …1 034 fotosArte de rua …306 fotosCastelos e palácios …1 523 fotosCentros espaciais …516 fotosEstrada Romântica …302 fotosEtruscos …210 fotosFestivais …2 483 fotosFotografia em preto e branco …157 fotosHimalaias …2 299 fotosIgrejas …2 736 fotosLagos …563 fotosLugares estranhos …1 151 fotosLugares perdidos …712 fotosMuseus …1 307 fotosMuseus ao ar livre …369 fotosPatrimônio Mundial (UNESCO) …6 590 fotosPraias …361 fotosSete bilhões de vizinhos458 fotosSítios arqueológicos …2 163 fotosVilas à beira-mar …2 676 fotosVilas no topo da colina …3 663 fotosFotos em preto e branco mais bonitas64 fotosFotos mais bonitas da Alemanha321 fotosFotos mais bonitas da América202 fotosFotos mais bonitas da Ásia302 fotosFotos mais bonitas da Ásia (Formato médio)362 fotosFotos mais bonitas da França105 fotosFotos mais bonitas da Grécia99 fotosFotos mais bonitas da Islândia65 fotosFotos mais bonitas da Itália663 fotosFotos mais bonitas da Noruega68 fotosFotos mais bonitas do Benelux223 fotosPáginas mais populares …Pagina inicial …Países visitados …35 472 fotosTemas …31 893 fotosFotos mais bonitasPáginas mais popularesPáginas mais recentesMapa do sitePublicaçõesContatoRussiaEnglishRussieFrançaisRusslandDeutschRussiaItalianoRússiaPortuguêsRusiaEspañol

Rússia386 fotos

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Moscou (002) Catedral de São Basílio
Moscou (002)Catedral de São Basílio

Russia, also officially known as the Russian Federation (Росси́йская Федера́ция), is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects. From north-west to south-east, Russia shares borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland, Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia, and North Korea. It also has maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk, and the US state of Alaska by the Bering Strait. At 17,075,400 km², Russia is the largest country in the world, covering more than one eighth of the Earth’s inhabited land area. Russia is also the eighth most populous nation with 143 million people. It extends across the whole of northern Asia and 40% of Europe, spanning nine time zones and incorporating a wide range of environments and landforms. Russia has the world’s largest reserves of mineral and energy resources and is the largest producer of oil and natural gas globally. Russia has the world’s largest forest reserves and its lakes contain approximately one-quarter of the world’s fresh water.

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The nation’s history began with that of the East Slavs, who emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus’ ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus’ lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde, and came to dominate the cultural and political legacy of Kievan Rus’. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland in Europe to Alaska in North America.

Following the Russian Revolution, Russia became the largest and leading constituent of the Soviet Union, the world’s first constitutionally socialist state and a recognised superpower, which played a decisive role in the allied victory in World War II. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world’s first human spaceflight. The Russian Federation was founded following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, but is recognised as the continuing legal personality of the Soviet state.

The Russian economy is the world’s ninth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity, with the 3rd largest nominal military budget. Russia is one of the world’s fastest growing major economies. It is one of the five recognised nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power and a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council, a member of the G8, G20, the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, the Eurasian Economic Community, the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), the World Trade Organisation (WTO), and is the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States.

Russian achievements in the field of space technology and space exploration are traced back to Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, the father of theoretical astronautics. His works had inspired leading Soviet rocket engineers, such as Sergey Korolyov, Valentin Glushkov and many others who contributed to the success of the Soviet space program on early stages of the Space Race and beyond.

In 1957 the first Earth-orbiting artificial satellite, Sputnik 1, was launched from Baikonur; in 1961 the first human trip into space was successfully made by Yury Gagarin; and many other Soviet and Russian space exploration records ensued, including the first spacewalk performed by Alexey Leonov, the first space exploration rover Lunokhod-1 and the first space station Salyut 1. Nowadays Russia is the largest satellite launcher and the only provider of transport for space tourism services.

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Castelo de Neuschwanstein (160)
Castelo de NeuschwansteinAlemanha

List of countries visited worldwide. [Consulte mais informação]

Alemanha …4 257 fotosÁustria …16 fotosBélgica …280 fotosButão …255 fotosCamboja …265 fotosCazaquistão …376 fotosChina …284 fotosCidade do Vaticano136 fotosEstados Unidos …62 fotosFrança …2 650 fotosGrécia …1 630 fotosIémen …226 fotosÍndia …3 871 fotosIslândia …194 fotosItália …14 222 fotosJordânia …184 fotosLaos …1 162 fotosMyanmar …308 fotosNepal …954 fotosNoruega …138 fotosPaíses Baixos …1 995 fotosPeru …1 335 fotosRússia …386 fotosSuriname …35 fotosVietnã …251 fotos