Myanmar (429) Pagan

Bagan76 fotos

Descrição

Coordenadas: 21° 10′ 10″ N, 94° 53′ 49″ L

Bagan (formerly Pagan) is an ancient city located in the Mandalay Region of Myanmar. From the 9th to 13th centuries, the city was the capital of the Pagan Kingdom, the first kingdom that unified the regions that would later constitute modern Myanmar. During the kingdom’s height between the 11th and 13th centuries, over 10,000 Buddhist temples, pagodas and monasteries were constructed in the Bagan plains alone, of which the remains of over 2,200 temples and pagodas still survive to the present day.

[Consulte mais informação]

According to the Burmese chronicles, Bagan was founded in the second century, and fortified in 849 by King Pyinbya, 34th successor of the founder of early Bagan. Mainstream scholarship however holds that Bagan was founded in the mid-to-late 9th century by the Mranma (Burmans), who had recently entered the Irrawaddy valley from the Nanzhao Kingdom.

From 1044 to 1287, Bagan was the capital as well as the political, economic and cultural nerve center of the Pagan Empire. Over the course of 250 years, Bagan’s rulers and their wealthy subjects constructed over 10,000 religious monuments (approximately 1,000 stupas, 10,000 small temples and 3,000 monasteries) in an area of 104 km2 in the Bagan plains. The prosperous city grew in size and grandeur, and became a cosmopolitan center for religious and secular studies, specializing in Pali scholarship in grammar and philosophical-psychological (abhidhamma) studies as well as works in a variety of languages on prosody, phonology, grammar, astrology, alchemy, medicine, and legal studies. The city attracted monks and students from as far as India, Sri Lanka and the Khmer Empire.

The Pagan Empire collapsed in 1287 due to repeated Mongol invasions (1277–1301). The city, once home to some 50,000 to 200,000 people, had been reduced to a small town, never to regain its preeminence. The city formally ceased to be the capital of Burma in December 1297 when the Myinsaing Kingdom became the new power in Upper Burma.

Galeria fotos

Myanmar (421) Pagan
PaganMyanmar (421)
Myanmar (362) Pagan - Market
Pagan - MarketMyanmar (362)
Myanmar (345) Pagan
PaganMyanmar (345)
Myanmar (374) Pagan - Market
Pagan - MarketMyanmar (374)
Myanmar (394) Pagan - Market
Pagan - MarketMyanmar (394)
Myanmar (368) Pagan - Market
Pagan - MarketMyanmar (368)
Myanmar (375) Pagan - Market
Pagan - MarketMyanmar (375)
Myanmar (383) Pagan - Market
Pagan - MarketMyanmar (383)
Myanmar (396) Pagan - Market
Pagan - MarketMyanmar (396)
Myanmar (337) Ananda
AnandaMyanmar (337)
Myanmar (346) Pagan
PaganMyanmar (346)
Myanmar (338) Ananda
AnandaMyanmar (338)
Myanmar (258) Pagan
PaganMyanmar (258)
Myanmar (389) Pagan - Market
Pagan - MarketMyanmar (389)
Myanmar (414) Mount Popa
Mount PopaMyanmar (414)
Myanmar (413) Pagan
PaganMyanmar (413)
Myanmar (313) Upali Thein
Upali TheinMyanmar (313)
Myanmar (425) Pagan
PaganMyanmar (425)
Myanmar (378) Pagan - Market
Pagan - MarketMyanmar (378)
Myanmar (330) Ananda
AnandaMyanmar (330)
Myanmar (360) Pagan - Market
Pagan - MarketMyanmar (360)
Myanmar (283) Shwezigon
ShwezigonMyanmar (283)
Myanmar (376) Pagan - Market
Pagan - MarketMyanmar (376)
Myanmar (417) Mount Popa
Mount PopaMyanmar (417)
Myanmar (401) Pagan - Market
Pagan - MarketMyanmar (401)
Myanmar (352) Pagan
PaganMyanmar (352)
Myanmar (409) Pagan
PaganMyanmar (409)
Myanmar (405) Pagan - Market
Pagan - MarketMyanmar (405)
Myanmar (268) Pagan
PaganMyanmar (268)
Myanmar (296) Shwezigon
ShwezigonMyanmar (296)
Myanmar (372) Pagan - Market
Pagan - MarketMyanmar (372)
Myanmar (317) Pagan
PaganMyanmar (317)
Myanmar (286) Shwezigon
ShwezigonMyanmar (286)
Myanmar (361) Pagan - Market
Pagan - MarketMyanmar (361)
Myanmar (419) Pagan
PaganMyanmar (419)
Myanmar (416) Mount Popa
Mount PopaMyanmar (416)
Myanmar (388) Pagan - Market
Pagan - MarketMyanmar (388)
Myanmar (316) Pagan
PaganMyanmar (316)
Myanmar (341) Pagan
PaganMyanmar (341)
Myanmar (370) Pagan - Market
Pagan - MarketMyanmar (370)
Myanmar (336) Ananda
AnandaMyanmar (336)
Myanmar (304) Shwezigon
ShwezigonMyanmar (304)
Myanmar (380) Pagan - Market
Pagan - MarketMyanmar (380)
Myanmar (381) Pagan - Market
Pagan - MarketMyanmar (381)
Myanmar (300) Shwezigon
ShwezigonMyanmar (300)
Myanmar (429) Pagan
PaganMyanmar (429)
Myanmar (329) Ananda
AnandaMyanmar (329)
Myanmar (324) Ananda
AnandaMyanmar (324)
Myanmar (347) Damayanangyi
DamayanangyiMyanmar (347)
Myanmar (265) Pagan
PaganMyanmar (265)
Myanmar (348) Damayanangyi
DamayanangyiMyanmar (348)
Myanmar (367) Pagan - Market
Pagan - MarketMyanmar (367)
Myanmar (266) Pagan
PaganMyanmar (266)
Myanmar (412) Pagan
PaganMyanmar (412)
Myanmar (426) Pagan
PaganMyanmar (426)
Myanmar (342) Pagan
PaganMyanmar (342)
Myanmar (407) Pagan
PaganMyanmar (407)
Myanmar (364) Pagan - Market
Pagan - MarketMyanmar (364)
Myanmar (359) Pagan - Market
Pagan - MarketMyanmar (359)
Myanmar (282) Shwezigon
ShwezigonMyanmar (282)
Myanmar (392) Pagan - Market
Pagan - MarketMyanmar (392)
Myanmar (333) Ananda
AnandaMyanmar (333)
Myanmar (334) Ananda
AnandaMyanmar (334)
Myanmar (355) Pagan - Market
Pagan - MarketMyanmar (355)
Myanmar (272) Pagan
PaganMyanmar (272)
Myanmar (290) Shwezigon
ShwezigonMyanmar (290)
Myanmar (301) Shwezigon
ShwezigonMyanmar (301)
Myanmar (422) Pagan
PaganMyanmar (422)
Myanmar (327) Ananda
AnandaMyanmar (327)
Myanmar (298) Shwezigon
ShwezigonMyanmar (298)
Myanmar (311) Shwezigon
ShwezigonMyanmar (311)
Myanmar (371) Pagan - Market
Pagan - MarketMyanmar (371)
Myanmar (384) Pagan - Market
Pagan - MarketMyanmar (384)
Myanmar (294) Shwezigon
ShwezigonMyanmar (294)
Myanmar (363) Pagan - Market
Pagan - MarketMyanmar (363)
Myanmar (287) Shwezigon
ShwezigonMyanmar (287)

Fotos tiradas com uma Rolleiflex 6800 e digitalizadas com uma Nikon LS 9000 ED

Mapa

Abra no Google Maps: Bagan

Veja também

Myanmar308 fotos

Myanmar (77) Shwedagon
YangonMyanmar

Myanmar, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar (ပြည်ထောင် စု သမ္မတ မြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော်) and also known as Burma, is a sovereign state in South East Asia bordered by Bangladesh, India, China, Laos and Thailand. About one third of Myanmar’s… [Consulte mais informação]

Aldeias em Myanmar29 fotosBagan76 fotosFotos mais bonitas da Ásia (Formato médio)362 fotosInle56 fotosOutros sites em Myanmar115 fotosYangon32 fotos

Sítios arqueológicos

Machu Picchu (128)
Machu PicchuPeru

Archeological sites around the world. [Consulte mais informação]

Ajanta145 fotosAula Ottagona48 fotosBagan76 fotosBegumpur Masjid16 fotosCerveteri83 fotosEllora120 fotosErcolano103 fotosFórum Romano84 fotosIsola Sacra12 fotosMachu Picchu94 fotosMetaponto34 fotosNorchia32 fotosOstia Antica96 fotosOther Inca Sites202 fotosOutros locais no Camboja99 fotosPaestum62 fotosParque dos Aquedutos41 fotosPetra113 fotosSan Guiliano11 fotosSiem Reap109 fotosSutri44 fotosTarquinia36 fotosTeatro de Marcelo11 fotosTermas de Caracala32 fotosVerona270 fotosVia Ápia26 fotosVilas Romanas137 fotosVolterra24 fotos