Hong Kong (28)

China284 fotos

Descripción

China, officially the People’s Republic of China (中華人民共和國), is a sovereign state located in East Asia. It is the world’s most populous country, with a population of over 1.35 billion. The PRC is a single-party state governed by the Communist Party, with its seat of government in the capital city of Beijing. It exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces, five autonomous regions, four direct-controlled municipalities (Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, and Chongqing), and two mostly self-governing special administrative regions (Hong-Kong and Macau). Covering approximately 9.6 million km², China is the world’s second-largest country by land area. China’s landscape is vast and diverse, ranging from forest steppes and the Gobi and Taklamakan deserts in the arid north to subtropical forests in the wetter south. The Himalaya, Karakoram, Pamir and Tian Shan mountain ranges separate China from South and Central Asia. The Yangtze and Yellow Rivers, the third- and sixth-longest in the world, run from the Tibetan Plateau to the densely populated eastern seaboard. China’s coastline along the Pacific Ocean is 14,500 km long, and is bounded by the Bohai, Yellow, East and South China Seas.

[Leer más]

The ancient Chinese civilization - one of the world’s earliest - flourished in the fertile basin of the Yellow River in the North China Plain. For millennia, China’s political system was based on hereditary monarchies, known as dynasties, beginning with the semi-mythological Xia of the Yellow River basin. Since 221 BCE, when the Qin Dynasty first conquered several states to form a Chinese empire, the country has expanded, fractured and been reformed numerous times. The Republic of China (ROC) overthrew the last dynasty in 1911, and ruled the Chinese mainland until 1949. After the defeat of the Empire of Japan in World War II, the Communist Party defeated the nationalist Kuomintang in mainland China and established the People’s Republic of China in Beijing on 1 October 1949, while the Kuomintang relocated the ROC government to its present capital of Taipei.

Since the introduction of economic reforms in 1978, China has become one of the world’s fastest-growing major economies. As of 2013, it is the world’s second-largest economy by both nominal total GDP and purchasing power parity (PPP), and is also the world’s largest exporter and importer of goods. China is a recognised nuclear weapons state and has the world’s largest standing army, with the second-largest defence budget. The PRC has been a United Nations member since 1971, when it replaced the ROC as a permanent member of the U.N. Security Council. China is also a member of numerous formal and informal multilateral organizations, including the WTO, APEC, BRICS, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, the BCIM and the G-20. China is a regional power within Asia and has been characterised as a potential superpower by a number of commentators.

Lista de lugares

Hong-Kong79 fotos

Hong Kong (28)
Hong-KongChina

Coordenadas: 22° 16′ 37″ N, 114° 9′ 44″ E

Starting as a trading port, Hong-Kong became a crown colony of the United Kingdom in 1842 until the transfer of its sovereignty to China in 1997. Apart for foreign affairs and defence, it enjoys high degree of autonomy in all areas. Hong-Kong is… [Leer más]

Mapa

Ver también

Países visitados34.672 fotos

Castillo de Neuschwanstein (160)
Castillo de NeuschwansteinBaviera - Alemania

Lista de países visitados en todo el mundo. [Leer más]

Alemania …4.309 fotosAustria …16 fotosBélgica …277 fotosBirmania …308 fotosBután …255 fotosCamboya …265 fotosChina …284 fotosCiudad del Vaticano137 fotosEstados Unidos …62 fotosFrancia …2.568 fotosGrecia …1.630 fotosIndia …3.871 fotosIslandia …194 fotosItalia …14.074 fotosJordania …184 fotosKazajistán …371 fotosLaos …1.145 fotosNepal …947 fotosNoruega …138 fotosPaíses Bajos …1.819 fotosPerú …1.307 fotosRusia …10 fotosSurinam …35 fotosVietnam …240 fotosYemen …226 fotos
Share on FacebookShare on TwitterShare by E-Mail