Khumbu (66) Everest (8848m) - Nuptse (7861m)

Nepal947 foto

Descrizione

Nepal, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (संघीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्रात्मक नेपाल), is a landlocked sovereign state located in South Asia. With an area of 147,181 km² and a population of approximately 27 million, Nepal is the world’s 93rd largest country by land mass and the 41st most populous country. It is located in the Himalayas and bordered to the north by the China, and to the south, east, and west by the India. Specifically, the Indian states of Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, and Sikkim border Nepal, while across the Himalayas lies the Tibetan Autonomous Region. Nepal is separated from Bangladesh by the narrow Indian Siliguri corridor. Kathmandu is the nation’s capital and largest metropolis.

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The mountainous north of Nepal has eight of the world’s ten tallest mountains, including the highest point on Earth, Mount Everest, called Sagarmatha in Nepali. It contains more than 240 peaks over 6,000 m above sea level. The southern Terai region is fertile and humid. Lumbini, the birthplace of Lord Gautam Buddha, is located in this region. Lumbini is one of the holiest places of one of the world’s great religions, and its remains contain important evidence about the nature of Buddhist pilgrimage centres from as early as the 3rd century BC. Hinduism is practiced by about 81.3% of Nepalis, making it the country with the highest percentage of Hindus, Buddhism is linked historically with Nepal and is practiced by 9%, Islam by 4.4%, Kirat 3.1%, Christianity 1.4%, and animism 0.4%.

A monarchy throughout most of its history, Nepal was ruled by the Shah Dynasty of Kings from 1768, when Prithvi Narayan Shah unified its many small kingdoms, until 2008; a decade-long Civil War involving the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) (Now known as the Unified Communist Party of Nepal) and several weeks of mass protests by all major political parties led to the 12-point agreement of November 22, 2005. The ensuing elections for the constituent assembly on 28 May 2008 overwhelmingly favoured the abolition of the monarchy and the establishment of a federal multiparty representative democratic republic.

Elenco dei siti

Annapurna264 foto

Annapurna (288) Ghandruk
AnnapurnaNepal

Coordinate: 28° 32′ 7″ N, 84° 7′ 22″ E

Annapurna is a section of the Himalayas in north-central Nepal that includes 8,091 m Annapurna I, thirteen additional peaks over 7,000 m and 16 more over 6,000 m. This section is a 55 km long massif bounded by the Kali Gandaki Gorge on the west,… [Per saperne di più]

Khumbu 1991111 foto

Khumbu (66) Everest (8848m) - Nuptse (7861m)
Khumbu 1991Nepal

Coordinate: 27° 38′ 11″ N, 86° 13′ 49″ E

Khumbu, the Everest Region, is one of three subregions of the main Sherpa settlement of the Himalaya with elevation ranging from 3,300 m to the highest point on Earth, Mount Everest at 8,848 m. [Per saperne di più]

Khumbu 1997168 foto

Khumbu (315) Changtse (7543m)
Khumbu 1997Nepal

Coordinate: 27° 58′ 46″ N, 86° 55′ 17″ E

Khumbu (also known as the Everest Region) is a region of northeastern Nepal on the Nepalese side of Mount Everest. It is part of the Solukhumbu District, which in turn is part of the Sagarmatha Zone. Khumbu is one of three subregions of the main … [Per saperne di più]

Mustang219 foto

Mustang (224) Tangya
MustangNepal

Coordinate: 29° 10′ 58″ N, 83° 57′ 24″ E

Mustang (from the Tibetan möntangfertile plain”), formerly Kingdom of Lo, is a remote and isolated region of the Nepalese Himalayas. The Upper Mustang was a restricted area until 1992 which makes it one of the most preserved regions in the world,… [Per saperne di più]

Valle di Katmandu185 foto

Valle di Katmandu (12) Bhaktapur
BhaktapurValle di Katmandu - Nepal

The Kathmandu Valley, located in Nepal, lies at the crossroads of ancient civilisations of Asia, and has at least 130 important monuments, including several pilgrimage sites for Hindus and Buddhists. There are seven UNESCO World Heritage Site[Per saperne di più]

Bhaktapur31 fotoBoudhanath9 fotoBudhanilkantha8 fotoFoto più belle dell’Asia (Medio formato)364 fotoKatmandu84 fotoKirtipur11 fotoPashupatinath12 fotoPatan15 fotoSwayambhunath15 foto

Mappa

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