Tomba di Humayun (187)

India5.139 foto

Descrizione

India (भारत गणराज्य), officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the south-west, and the Bay of Bengal on the south-east, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north-east; and Burma and Bangladesh to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives; in addition, India’s Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.

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Home to the ancient Indus Valley Civilisation and a region of historic trade routes and vast empires, the Indian subcontinent was identified with its commercial and cultural wealth for much of its long history. Four world religions Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism originated here, whereas Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Christianity, and Islam arrived in the 1st millennium CE and also helped shape the region’s diverse culture. Gradually annexed by and brought under the administration of the British East India Company from the early 18th century and administered directly by the United Kingdom from the mid-19th century, India became an independent nation in 1947 after a struggle for independence that was marked by non-violent resistance led by Mahatma Gandhi.

The Indian economy is the world’s eleventh-largest by nominal GDP and third-largest by Purchasing Power Parity (PPP). Following market-based economic reforms in 1991, India became one of the fastest-growing major economies; it is considered a newly industrialised country. However, it continues to face the challenges of poverty, corruption, malnutrition, inadequate public healthcare, and terrorism. India is a federal constitutional republic governed under a parliamentary system consisting of 28 states and 7 union territories. India is a pluralistic, multilingual, and a multi-ethnic society. It is also home to a diversity of wildlife in a variety of protected habitats.

Elenco dei siti

Ajanta145 foto

Grotte di Ajanta (503) Grotta 26
AjantaIndia

Coordinate: 20° 33′ 11″ N, 75° 42′ 1″ E

The Ajanta Caves, in Maharashtra, are 31 rock-cut cave monuments which date from the 2nd century BC. The caves include paintings and sculptures considered to be masterpieces of both Buddhist religious art (which depict the Jataka Tales) as well as… [Per saperne di più]

Alchi41 foto

Alchi (045)
AlchiIndia

Coordinate: 34° 13′ 25″ N, 77° 10′ 31″ E

Alchi, a village and monastery situated on the bank of Indus River 70 km from the capital in Leh, is situated, unlike the other gompas in Ladakh, on lowland, not on a hilltop. The village is famous for the existence of one of the oldest monasteries… [Per saperne di più]

Alwar51 foto

Alwar (033)
AlwarIndia

Coordinate: 27° 34′ 13″ N, 76° 35′ 37″ E

Alwar is a city and administrative headquarters of Alwar District in the state of Rajasthan, India. It is located around 160 km south of Delhi, and about 150 km north of Jaipur, the capital of Rajasthan. Alwar was formerly the capital of the… [Per saperne di più]

Aurangabad21 foto

Aurangabad (010) Bibi Ka Maqbara
AurangabadIndia

Coordinate: 19° 53′ 58″ N, 75° 19′ 11″ E

Aurangabad is a city of Maharashtra, named after the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. The city is surrounded with many historical monuments, including the Ajanta Caves and Ellora Caves, which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites, as well as Bibi Ka Maqbara. … [Per saperne di più]

Bundi70 foto

Bundi (291) Forte di Taragarh
BundiIndia

Coordinate: 25° 26′ 57″ N, 75° 38′ 17″ E

Bundi, is a city in the Hadoti region of Rajasthan state in north-west India. It is of particular architectural note for its ornate forts, palaces, and step well reservoirs known as baoris. The town is situated 35 km from Kota and 210 km from Jaipur[Per saperne di più]

Chittaurgarh69 foto

Chittaurgarh (092)
ChittaurgarhIndia

Coordinate: 24° 53′ 28″ N, 74° 38′ 48″ E

Chittaurgarh (Chittorgarh), is a city and a municipality in Rajasthan state of western India. It lies on the Berach River, a tributary of the Banas, and is a former capital of the Sisodia clans of Rajputs of Mewar. Fiercely independent, the fort of … [Per saperne di più]

Datia95 foto

Datia (215) Palazzo Bir Singh Deo
DatiaIndia

Coordinate: 25° 40′ 15″ N, 78° 27′ 4″ E

Datia, a small rural town in the state of Madhya Pradesh, was formerly the seat of the eponymous princely state in the British Raj. Datia is situated near Gwalior and on the border with Uttar Pradesh. The old town is surrounded by a stone wall,… [Per saperne di più]

Deeg49 foto

Deeg (168) Palazzo di Deeg (Jal Mahal)
DeegIndia

Coordinate: 27° 28′ 20″ N, 77° 19′ 25″ E

Deeg Palace, built in 1772, is situated near Bharatpur in Rajasthan. Deeg was the first capital of the newly carved out Jat State of Bharatpur, when Badan Singh was proclaimed its ruler in 1722. In 1730, the Maharaja Suraj Mal erected the strong… [Per saperne di più]

Delhi610 foto

Tomba di Humayun (187)
Tomba di HumayunDelhi - India

Delhi, the largest metropolis by area and the second-largest metropolis by population in India after Mumbai, is the capital of India. Located on the banks of the Yamuna River, Delhi has been continuously inhabited since at least the 6th century… [Per saperne di più]

Begumpur Masjid16 fotoFoto più belle dell’India302 fotoGiardini di Lodi49 fotoJama-Masjid-(Delhi)9 fotoJantar Mantar (Delhi)35 fotoParco archeologico Mehrauli56 fotoQutb-Minar68 fotoTempio del Loto18 fotoTomba di Humayun39 fotoTomba di Safdarjungs18 foto

Ellora120 foto

Grotte di Ellora (525) Grotta 16 (Tempio Kailasa)
ElloraIndia

Coordinate: 20° 1′ 26″ N, 75° 10′ 44″ E

Ellora is an archaeological site, 30 km from the city of Aurangabad in the Indian state of Maharashtra built by the Rashtrakuta rulers. Well-known for its monumental caves, Ellora is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Ellora represents the epitome of… [Per saperne di più]

Fatehpur Sikri107 foto

Fatehpur Sikri (002) Diwan-i-Khas
Fatehpur SikriIndia

Coordinate: 27° 5′ 51″ N, 77° 39′ 58″ E

Fatehpur Sikri, a city in the state of Uttar Pradesh, was constructed by Mughal Emperor Akbar beginning in 1570 and served as the empire’s capital from 1571 until 1585. It was abandoned after only 14 years because the water supply was unable to… [Per saperne di più]

Gwalior48 foto

Gwalior (035) Forte di Gwalior
GwaliorIndia

Coordinate: 26° 13′ 48″ N, 78° 10′ 8″ E

Gwalior Fort, built in the 8th century in the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh, stands on an isolated rock, overlooking the Gwalior town. It is one of the biggest forts in India. It is said that the Mughal Emperor Babur (1483 - 1531)… [Per saperne di più]

Jaipur192 foto

Jaipur (592) Hawa Mahal (Palazzo dei Venti)
JaipurIndia

Coordinate: 26° 55′ 32″ N, 75° 49′ 26″ E

Jaipur, also popularly known as the Pink City, is the capital and largest city of the Indian state of Rajasthan. During the British rule in India, Jaipur was the capital of the princely state of Jaipur. It was founded on 18 November 1727 by … [Per saperne di più]

Jaisalmer215 foto

Jaisalmer (904) Forte di Jaisalmer
JaisalmerIndia

Coordinate: 26° 54′ 45″ N, 70° 54′ 48″ E

Jaisalmer, nicknamed “The Golden City”, is a town in the Indian state of Rajasthan. It is located 575 km west from the state capital Jaipur. The town stands on a ridge of yellowish sandstone, crowned by a fort, which contains the palace and several… [Per saperne di più]

Jodhpur254 foto

Jodhpur (006) Forte di Mehrangarh
JodhpurIndia

Coordinate: 26° 17′ 57″ N, 73° 1′ 10″ E

Jodhpur is the second largest city in the Indian state of Rajasthan. It is located 335 km west from the state capital, Jaipur. The city is known as the Sun City for the bright, sunny weather it enjoys all year. It is also referred to as the Blue[Per saperne di più]

Kumbhalgarh8 foto

Kumbhalgarh (018)
KumbhalgarhIndia

Coordinate: 25° 9′ 10″ N, 73° 35′ 11″ E

Kumbhalgarh (literally “Kumbhal fort”) is a Mewar fortress on the westerly range of Aravalli Hills, in the Rajsamand district near Udaipur of Rajasthan state in western India. It is a World Heritage Site included in Hill Forts of Rajasthan. Built… [Per saperne di più]

Kusum Sarovar75 foto

Kusum Sarovar (161)
Kusum SarovarIndia

Coordinate: 27° 30′ 44″ N, 77° 28′ 40″ E

Kusum Sarovar, close to Govardhan, is crowned by the cenotaphs of the members of the royal family of Bharatpur, a significant architectural group erected in honour of Suraj Mal (See also the summer palace of the members of the royal family of … [Per saperne di più]

Lamayuru30 foto

Lamayuru (001)
LamayuruIndia

Coordinate: 34° 16′ 58″ N, 76° 46′ 28″ E

Lamayuru Gompa, one of the largest and oldest gompas in Ladakh, housed up to 400 monks. The Indian scholar Mahasiddhacarya Naropa (956-1041) caused a lake which filled the valley to dry up and founded Lamayuru Monastery. [Per saperne di più]

Leh79 foto

Leh (234)
LehIndia

Coordinate: 34° 9′ 53″ N, 77° 35′ 7″ E

Leh, the capital of the Himalayan kingdom of Ladakh, is dominated by the ruined Leh Palace former home of the royal family of Ladakh, built in the same style and about the same time as the Potala Palace. Leh is at an altitude of 3,500 m. Leh has… [Per saperne di più]

Matho218 foto

Matho (223) Festival of the Oracles
MathoIndia

Coordinate: 33° 59′ 56″ N, 77° 37′ 51″ E

Matho Gompa, a Tibetan Buddhist monastery in Ladakh east of Leh, is the only example of the Sakyapa sect. It is known for its annual Oracle Festival, Matho Nagran, held on the 14th and 15th days of the first month of the Tibetan calendar. During… [Per saperne di più]

Mathura37 foto

Mathura (083)
MathuraIndia

Coordinate: 27° 30′ 9″ N, 77° 41′ 22″ E

Mathura, said to be the birthplace of Lord Krishna, was as per the epics Mahabharata, the capital of the Surasena Kingdom, ruled by Kansa the maternal uncle of Krishna. The Vishram Ghat, a bath and worship place on the banks of Yamuna River, is the… [Per saperne di più]

Nagda53 foto

Nagda (122) Templi di Sahasra Bahu
NagdaIndia

Coordinate: 24° 44′ 7″ N, 73° 42′ 58″ E

Nagda is a small town in the Indian state of Rajasthan. In the 6th century, Nagda was found by Nagaditya, the fourth Mewar King. Initially it was known as Nagahrida and served as the capital of Mewar. Nagda is located besides Bagela Lake at a… [Per saperne di più]

Orchha116 foto

Orchha (084) Jahangir Mahal
OrchhaIndia

Coordinate: 25° 21′ 2″ N, 78° 38′ 39″ E

Orchha, a town 15 km from Jhansi in Uttar Pradesh, lies on the Betwa River and was the seat of an eponymous former princely state of central India, in the Bundelkhand region. On a seasonal island on the bank of the Betwa River stands a huge… [Per saperne di più]

Phyang16 foto

Phyang (003)
PhyangIndia

Coordinate: 34° 11′ 12″ N, 77° 29′ 21″ E

Phyang Gompa, a Buddhist monastery located 16 km west of Leh, was established in 1515. The monastery is one of only two in Ladakh belonging to the Drigungpa School, one of eight schools derived from the teachings of Phakmadrupa Dorje Gyelpo[Per saperne di più]

Pushkar256 foto

Pushkar (366) Fiera dei cammelli di Pushkar (Kartik Mela)
PushkarIndia

Coordinate: 26° 29′ 20″ N, 74° 33′ 8″ E

Pushkar, is a town in the state of Rajasthan, situated at 14 km north-west from Ajmer, and is one of the five sacred Dhams (pilgrimage sites for devout Hindus). It is often called “Tirth Raj” - the king of pilgrimage sites. Pushkar is one of the… [Per saperne di più]

Ranakpur140 foto

Ranakpur (163) Chaturmukha Dharana Vihara
RanakpurIndia

Coordinate: 25° 6′ 57″ N, 73° 28′ 20″ E

Ranakpur is widely known for its marble Jain temple, and for a much older Sun Temple which lies opposite the former. Light coloured marble has been used for the construction of this grand temple which occupies an area of approximately 60 m x 62 m.… [Per saperne di più]

Rizong17 foto

Rizong (010)
RizongIndia

Coordinate: 34° 16′ 34″ N, 77° 6′ 38″ E

Rizong Gompa, a Gelugpa or Yellow Hat Buddhist monastery, is situated at the top of a rocky side valley on the west of Alchi on the way to Lamayuru. It was established in 1831 by Lama Tsultim Nima under the Gelukpa order, at Ri-rdzong. A nunnery,… [Per saperne di più]

Spituk25 foto

Spituk (020)
SpitukIndia

Coordinate: 34° 7′ 32″ N, 77° 31′ 35″ E

Spituk Gompa, a Buddhist monastery located 8 km from Leh, was founded by Od-de, the elder brother of Lha Lama Changchub Od in the 11th century. [Per saperne di più]

Stakna8 foto

Stakna (027)
StaknaIndia

Coordinate: 34° 0′ 18″ N, 77° 41′ 7″ E

Stakna Gompa, a Buddhist monastery of the Drugpa Sect, is located 25 km south-west from Leh on the right bank of the Indus River. It was founded in the late 16th century by a Bhutanese scholar and saint, Chosje Jamyang Palkar. [Per saperne di più]

Stok244 foto

Stok (288) Festival Stok Guru Tsechu
StokIndia

Coordinate: 34° 3′ 57″ N, 77° 32′ 32″ E

Stok Gompa, a Buddhist monastery 15 km south of Leh, was founded by Lama Lhawang Lotus in the 14th century. A ritual dance-mask festival is held annually. It is also the residence of the Ladakhi royalty. [Per saperne di più]

Takthok26 foto

Takthok (033)
TakthokIndia

Coordinate: 34° 0′ 19″ N, 77° 49′ 13″ E

Takthok Gompa, a monastery in the Sakti village 46 km east of Leh in Ladakh, was founded in the mid-16th century during the reign of Tshewang Namgyal on a mountainside around a cave in which Padmasambhava is said to have meditated in the 8th[Per saperne di più]

Thiksey62 foto

Thiksey (036)
ThikseyIndia

Coordinate: 34° 3′ 23″ N, 77° 39′ 59″ E

Thiksey Gompa (Thiksay Gompa, Thikse Gompa, Tikse Gompa), a Yellow Hat (Gelugpa) Buddhist monastery, is located east of Leh at an altitude of 3,600 m. The monastery is a 12-storey complex, noted for its images and mural paintings of Buddhist art… [Per saperne di più]

Udaipur49 foto

Udaipur (009) City Palace
UdaipurIndia

Coordinate: 24° 34′ 37″ N, 73° 41′ 1″ E

Udaipur, also known as the City of Lakes, is a city in the state of Rajasthan in western India. It is located 400 km south-west of the state capital, Jaipur and 250 km north-east from Ahmedabad. Udaipur was the historic capital of the former… [Per saperne di più]

Varanasi161 foto

Varanasi (248) Prayag Ghat
VaranasiIndia

Coordinate: 25° 18′ 25″ N, 83° 0′ 38″ E

Varanasi, also commonly known as Benares, is a city situated on the banks of the Ganges River in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is regarded as a holy city by Buddhists and Jains, and is the holiest place in the world in Hinduism (and centre… [Per saperne di più]

Zanskar184 foto

Zanskar (066) Karsha
ZanskarIndia

Coordinate: 33° 14′ 24″ N, 77° 8′ 56″ E

Zanskar covers an area of about 7,000 km², at an altitude between 3,500 and 7,000 m. It consists of the country lying along the two main branches of the Zanskar River; the Doda and the Lungnak rivers. The Zanskar River takes a north-eastern course… [Per saperne di più]

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Elenco dei paesi visitati in tutto il mondo. [Per saperne di più]

Austria …16 fotoBelgio …507 fotoBhutan …617 fotoBirmania …670 fotoCambogia …627 fotoCina …1.008 fotoCittà del Vaticano136 fotoFrancia …3.205 fotoGermania …4.960 fotoGiordania …184 fotoGrecia …1.729 fotoIndia …5.139 fotoIslanda …259 fotoItalia …23.495 fotoKazakistan …371 fotoLaos …1.275 fotoNepal …1.678 fotoNorvegia …206 fotoPaesi Bassi …2.049 fotoPerù …1.512 fotoRussia …381 fotoStati Uniti …62 fotoSuriname …35 fotoVietnam …613 fotoYemen …588 foto