Machu Picchu (77)

Peru1 307 fotos

Descrição

Peru, officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America. It is bordered on the north by Ecuador and Colombia, on the east by Brazil, on the south-east by Bolivia, on the south by Chile, and on the west by the Pacific Ocean. Peruvian territory was home to ancient cultures spanning from the Norte Chico civilization, one of the oldest in the world, to the Inca Empire, the largest state in Pre-Columbian America. The Spanish Empire conquered the region in the 16th century and established a Viceroyalty, which included most of its South American colonies. After achieving independence in 1821, Peru has undergone periods of political unrest and fiscal crisis as well as periods of stability and economic upswing.

Its geography varies from the arid plains of the Pacific Coast to the peaks of the Andes Mountains and the tropical forests of the Amazon Basin. Its main economic activities include agriculture, fishing, mining, and manufacturing of products such as textiles. Peru is a representative democratic republic divided into 25 regions:

The Peruvian population, estimated at 29.5 million, is multi-ethnic, including Amerindians, Europeans, Africans, and Asians. The main spoken language is Spanish, although a significant number of Peruvians speak Quechua or other native languages. This mixture of cultural traditions has resulted in a wide diversity of expressions in fields such as art, cuisine, literature, and music.

Lista de pontos turísticos

Altiplano93 fotos

Altiplano (257)
AltiplanoPeru

Coordenadas: 16° 2′ 46″ S, 71° 24′ 10″ O

The Altiplano (or Andean Plateau) is dominated by massive active volcanoes of the Central Volcanic Zone. Its height averages about 3,300 m and its climate is cool and semi-arid to arid. The Altiplano was the site of several pre-Columbian cultures,… [Consulte mais informação]

Arequipa155 fotos

Arequipa - Santa Catalina (126)
ArequipaPeru

Coordenadas: 16° 23′ 54″ S, 71° 32′ 12″ O

Located in the Andes Mountains at an altitude of 2,380 m above sea level and close to the volcano El Misti, Arequipa is the capital of the Arequipa Region in southern Peru and is the second most populous city of the country. The colonial Spanish… [Consulte mais informação]

Colca123 fotos

Cruz del Condor (204) Condor andino
ColcaPeru

Coordenadas: 15° 38′ 29″ S, 71° 45′ 51″ O

The Colca Canyon is a canyon of the Colca River in southern Peru located about 160 km north-west of Arequipa. With up to 3,270 m, it is one of the deepest canyons in the world. The colourful valley is the home of the Andean Condor (Vultur gryphus).… [Consulte mais informação]

Cusco172 fotos

Cusco (69)
CuscoPeru

Coordenadas: 13° 30′ 60″ S, 71° 58′ 42″ O

Cusco is the historic capital of the Inca Empire located in the south-eastern Peru, near the Urubamba Valley (Sacred Valley) of the Andes mountain range. According to an Inca legend, the city was founded by Manco Capac in the 12th century and… [Consulte mais informação]

Lago Titicaca127 fotos

Ilhas de Uros (34) Lago Titicaca
Lago TiticacaPeru

Coordenadas: 15° 43′ 29″ S, 69° 47′ 32″ O

Lake Titicaca is a large, deep, freshwater lake in the Andes on the border of Bolivia and Peru, often called the “highest navigable lake” in the world. By volume of water and by surface area, it is the largest lake in South America. Lake Titicaca[Consulte mais informação]

Machu Picchu94 fotos

Machu Picchu (128)
Machu PicchuPeru

Coordenadas: 13° 9′ 48″ S, 72° 32′ 47″ O

Machu Picchu is a pre-Columbian Inca site located 2,430 m above sea level and situated on a mountain ridge above the Urubamba Valley in Peru, 80 km north-west of Cusco. Built around the year 1460 in the classical Inca style, with polished dry-stone… [Consulte mais informação]

Maras78 fotos

Salinas de Maras (68)
MarasPeru

Coordenadas: 13° 20′ 5″ S, 72° 9′ 28″ O

Located 40 km from Cusco, the town of Maras in the Urubamba Valley (Sacred Valley of the Incas) is known for its local salt mines. Since pre-Inca times, salt has been obtained in Maras by evaporating salty water. [Consulte mais informação]

Nazca82 fotos

Nazca - Necrópole de Chauchilla (52)
NazcaPeru

Coordenadas: 14° 41′ 39″ S, 75° 6′ 51″ O

The Nazca lines are a series of geoglyphs located in the Nazca Desert that stretches over more than 80 km and have been created by the Nazca culture between 200 BC and AD 700. There are hundreds of stylised figures (hummingbirds, spiders, monkeys,… [Consulte mais informação]

Paracas65 fotos

Reserva Nacional de Paracas (252) Punta Arquillo
ParacasPeru

Coordenadas: 13° 54′ 28″ S, 76° 17′ 10″ O

The Paracas National Reservation (Reserva Nacional de Paracas) is located in the Ica region south of Lima with the purpose to preserve the ecosystem and to protect the historical and cultural heritage. As much as 216 species of birds are living in… [Consulte mais informação]

Mapa

Veja também

Países visitados34 616 fotos

Castelo de Neuschwanstein (160)
Castelo de NeuschwansteinBavaria - Alemanha

List of countries visited worldwide. [Consulte mais informação]

Alemanha …4 302 fotosÁustria …16 fotosBélgica …277 fotosButão …255 fotosCamboja …265 fotosCazaquistão …371 fotosChina …284 fotosCidade do Vaticano137 fotosEstados Unidos …62 fotosFrança …2 568 fotosGrécia …1 630 fotosIémen …226 fotosÍndia …3 871 fotosIslândia …194 fotosItália …14 018 fotosJordânia …184 fotosLaos …1 145 fotosMyanmar …308 fotosNepal …954 fotosNoruega …138 fotosPaíses Baixos …1 819 fotosPeru …1 307 fotosRússia …10 fotosSuriname …35 fotosVietnã …240 fotos
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