Austria …16 fotoBelgio …280 fotoBhutan …255 fotoBirmania …308 fotoCambogia …265 fotoCina …284 fotoCittà del Vaticano136 fotoFrancia …2.650 fotoGermania …4.249 fotoGiordania …184 fotoGrecia …1.630 fotoIndia …3.744 fotoIslanda …194 fotoItalia …14.222 fotoKazakistan …376 fotoLaos …1.162 fotoNepal …954 fotoNorvegia …138 fotoPaesi Bassi …1.995 fotoPerù …1.335 fotoRussia …386 fotoStati Uniti …62 fotoSuriname …35 fotoVietnam …251 fotoYemen …226 fotoAurora Boreale (Islanda)11 fotoBreiðamerkursandur17 fotoCavalli islandesi4 fotoDyrhólaey7 fotoEystrahorn4 fotoFiordi Orientali (Islanda)6 fotoGoðafoss8 fotoGrotte glaciali di Vatnajökull9 fotoGullfoss10 fotoHverarönd29 fotoHvítserkur7 fotoJökulsárlón28 fotoKirkjufell5 fotoKlifatindur16 fotoMývatn5 fotoPaesaggi Islandesi3 fotoReynisfjara20 fotoSkógafoss5 fotoAlpi …314 fotoArchitetture e costruzioni …1.016 fotoArte di Strada …306 fotoBorghi marinari …2.676 fotoBorghi montani …3.663 fotoCastelli e palazzi …1.516 fotoCentri spaziali …516 fotoChiese …2.736 fotoEtruschi …210 fotoFestival …2.482 fotoFotografia in bianco e nero …143 fotoHimalaya …2.300 fotoLaghi …568 fotoLuoghi perduti …712 fotoMusei …1.307 fotoMusei all’aperto …369 fotoPatrimonio dell’umanità (UNESCO) …6.506 fotoPosti strani …1.151 fotoSette miliardi di vicini452 fotoSiti archeologici …2.147 fotoSpiagge …361 fotoStrada romantica …302 fotoFoto più belle del Benelux223 fotoFoto più belle della Francia105 fotoFoto più belle della Germania321 fotoFoto più belle della Grecia99 fotoFoto più belle della Norvegia68 fotoFoto più belle dell’Asia297 fotoFoto più belle dell’Asia (Medio formato)362 fotoFoto più belle dell’Islanda65 fotoFoto più belle d’America202 fotoFoto più belle d’Italia663 fotoFoto più belle in bianco e nero64 fotoPagine più popolari …Home page …Paesi visitati …35.337 fotoTemi …31.753 fotoFoto più belle …2.469 fotoPagine più popolariPagine più recentiMappa del sitoPubblicazioniContattoIcelandEnglishIslandeFrançaisIslandDeutschIslandaItalianoIslândiaPortuguêsIslandiaEspañol

Islanda

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Klifatindur (071)
Klifatindur (071)

Iceland is a Nordic island country of Europe located in the North Atlantic Ocean. It has a population of 332,529 and an area of 103,000 km², making it the most sparsely populated country in Europe. The capital and largest city is Reykjavík. Reykjavík and the surrounding areas in the southwest of the country are home to over two-thirds of the population.

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Iceland is volcanically and geologically active. The interior consists of a plateau characterised by sand and lava fields, mountains, and glaciers, while many glacial rivers flow to the sea through the lowlands. Iceland is warmed by the Gulf Stream and has a temperate climate, despite a high latitude just outside the Arctic Circle. Its high latitude and marine influence keep summers chilly, with most of the archipelago having a tundra climate.

According to the ancient manuscript Landnámabók, the settlement of Iceland began in 874 AD when the Norwegian chieftain Ingólfr Arnarson became the first permanent settler on the island. In the following centuries, Norwegians, and to a lesser extent other Scandinavians, emigrated to Iceland, bringing with them thralls (i.e., slaves or serfs) of Gaelic origin. The island was governed as an independent commonwealth under the Althing, one of the world’s oldest functioning legislative assemblies. Following a period of civil strife, Iceland acceded to Norwegian rule in the 13th century.

The establishment of the Kalmar Union in 1397 united the kingdoms of Norway, Denmark, and Sweden. Iceland thus followed Norway’s integration to that union and came under Danish rule, after Sweden’s secession from that union in 1523. Although the Danish kingdom introduced Lutheranism forcefully in 1550, Iceland remained a distant semi-colonial territory in which Danish institutions and infrastructures were conspicuous by their absence.

In the wake of the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars, Iceland’s struggle for independence took form and culminated in independence in 1918 and the founding of a republic in 1944.

Until the 20th century, Iceland relied largely on subsistence fishing and agriculture, and was among the poorest countries in Europe. Industrialisation of the fisheries and Marshall Plan aid following World War II brought prosperity, and Iceland became one of the wealthiest and most developed nations in the world. In 1994, it became a part of the European Economic Area, which further diversified the economy into sectors such as finance, biotechnology, and manufacturing.

Icelandic culture is founded upon the nation’s Scandinavian heritage. Most Icelanders are descendants of Norse and Gaelic settlers. Icelandic, a North Germanic language, is descended from Old West Norse and is closely related to Faroese and West Norwegian dialects.

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Elenco dei paesi visitati in tutto il mondo. [Per saperne di più]

Austria …16 fotoBelgio …280 fotoBhutan …255 fotoBirmania …308 fotoCambogia …265 fotoCina …284 fotoCittà del Vaticano136 fotoFrancia …2.650 fotoGermania …4.249 fotoGiordania …184 fotoGrecia …1.630 fotoIndia …3.744 fotoIslanda …194 fotoItalia …14.222 fotoKazakistan …376 fotoLaos …1.162 fotoNepal …954 fotoNorvegia …138 fotoPaesi Bassi …1.995 fotoPerù …1.335 fotoRussia …386 fotoStati Uniti …62 fotoSuriname …35 fotoVietnam …251 fotoYemen …226 foto