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Bergen op Zoom

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Bergen op Zoom (005)
Bergen op Zoom (005)

Coordinates: 51° 29′ 45″ N, 4° 17′ 5″ E

Bergen op Zoom is a city located in the south of the Netherlands. It was granted city status probably in 1212. In 1287 the city and its surroundings became a lordship as it was separated from the lordship of Breda. The lordship was elevated to a margraviate in 1559. Several families ruled Bergen op Zoom in succession until 1795, although the title was only nominal since at least the seventeenth century. During the early modern period, Bergen op Zoom was a very strong fortress and one of the main armouries and arsenals of the United Provinces. It was at that time besieged by Alessandro Farnese first in 1587, and by Ambrosio Spinola a second time in 1622. Both sieges were unsuccessful and Bergen op Zoom got the nickname La Pucelle or The Virgin as it was never sieged successfully. In 1747, during the War of the Austrian Succession, the French army laid siege to it again. At that time, Bergen op Zoom had fortifications built in the beginning of the 17th century by Menno van Coehoorn, with three forts surrounding the city and a canalised diversion of the Scheldt acting as a ditch around its walls. However, it had no second line of fortifications, nor any fortress. After seventy days of siege, the city was taken and thoroughly sacked; the garrison was slaughtered.

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Netherlands1,995 photos

Amsterdam (151)
AmsterdamNetherlands

The Netherlands is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, located mainly in North-West Europe and with some islands in the Caribbean. Mainland Netherlands borders the North Sea to the north and west, Belgium to the south, and … [Read more]

Alkmaar40 photosAlmere107 photosAmersfoort14 photosAmsterdam121 photosBergen op Zoom4 photosDelft43 photosEdam - Volendam55 photosEnkhuizen126 photosGouda62 photosGroningen143 photosHaarlem53 photosHaarzuilens72 photosHeemskerk19 photosHeeswijk27 photosHilversum42 photosHoensbroek4 photosHoorn67 photosKatwijk aan Zee17 photosKinderdijk105 photosLeiden17 photosLelystad99 photosMaastricht73 photosMarken62 photosMiddelburg48 photosMuiderslot22 photosOudenbosch23 photosRotterdam164 photosScheveningen188 photosSlochteren16 photosVoorschoten41 photosZaanse Schans78 photos’s-Hertogenbosch43 photos