Myanmar (77) Shwedagon

Myanmar308 photos

Description

Myanmar, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar (ပြည်ထောင် စု သမ္မတ မြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော်) and also known as Burma, is a sovereign state in South East Asia bordered by Bangladesh, India, China, Laos and Thailand. About one third of Myanmar’s total perimeter of 5,876 km, forms an uninterrupted coastline of 1,930 km along the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea. The country’s 2014 census revealed a much lower population than expected, with 51 million people recorded. Myanmar is 676,578 km2 in size. Its capital city is Naypyidaw and its largest city is Yangon (Rangoon).

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Early civilisations in Myanmar included the Tibeto-Burman-speaking Pyu city-states in Upper Burma and the Mon kingdoms in Lower Burma. In the 9th century, the Bamar people entered the upper Irrawaddy valley and, following the establishment of the Pagan Kingdom in the 1050s, the Burmese language, culture and Theravada Buddhism slowly became dominant in the country. The Pagan Kingdom fell due to the Mongol invasions and several warring states emerged. In the 16th century, reunified by the Taungoo Dynasty, the country was for a brief period the largest empire in the history of Mainland Southeast Asia. The early 19th century Konbaung Dynasty ruled over an area that included modern Myanmar and briefly controlled Manipur and Assam as well. The British conquered Myanmar after three Anglo-Burmese Wars in the 19th century and the country became a British colony. Myanmar became an independent nation in 1948, initially as a democratic nation and then, following a coup d’état in 1962, a military dictatorship.

For most of its independent years, the country has been engrossed in rampant ethnic strife and Burma’s myriad ethnic groups have been involved in one of the world’s longest-running ongoing civil wars. In 2011, the military junta was officially dissolved following a 2010 general election, and a nominally civilian government was installed. While former military leaders still wield enormous power in the country, the Burmese military have taken steps toward relinquishing control of the government. This, along with the release of Aung San Suu Kyi and political prisoners, has improved the country’s human rights record and foreign relations, and has led to the easing of trade and other economic sanctions.

Main sights

List of sights

Bagan76 photos

Myanmar (429) Bagan
BaganMyanmar

Coordinates: 21° 10′ 10″ N, 94° 53′ 49″ E

Bagan (formerly Pagan) is an ancient city located in the Mandalay Region of Myanmar. From the 9th to 13th centuries, the city was the capital of the Pagan Kingdom, the first kingdom that unified the regions that would later constitute modern Myanmar[Read more]

Inle56 photos

Myanmar (621) Lake Inle
InleMyanmar

Coordinates: 20° 31′ 40″ N, 96° 55′ 22″ E

Inle Lake, is a freshwater lake located in the Nyaungshwe Township of Taunggyi District of Shan State, part of Shan Hills in Myanmar (Burma). It is the second largest lake in Myanmar with an estimated surface area of 116 km2, and one of the highest… [Read more]

Other sites in Myanmar115 photos

Myanmar (707) Golden Rock - Kyaiktiyo Pagoda
Other sites in MyanmarMyanmar

Coordinates: 22° 3′ 3″ N, 96° 1′ 6″ E

Kuthodaw Pagoda is a Buddhist stupa, located in Mandalay, that contains the world’s largest book. It lies at the foot of Mandalay Hill and was built during the reign of King Mindon. The stupa itself, which is gilded above its terraces, is 57 m… [Read more]

Villages in Myanmar29 photos

Myanmar (479) Villages
Villages in MyanmarMyanmar

Coordinates: 20° 40′ 37″ N, 96° 33′ 24″ E

Myanmar is ethnically diverse. The government recognises 135 distinct ethnic groups. There exist some, including the Rohingya, which are unrecognised by the government. While it is extremely difficult to verify this statement, there are at least… [Read more]

Yangon32 photos

Myanmar (77) Shwedagon
YangonMyanmar

Coordinates: 16° 47′ 56″ N, 96° 8′ 59″ E

Yangon (formerly known as Rangoon, literally “End of Strife”) is the capital of the Yangon Region of Myanmar, also known as Burma. Yangon served as the capital of Myanmar until 2006, when the military government relocated the capital to the… [Read more]

Map

See also

Countries visited34,616 photos

Neuschwanstein Castle (160)
Neuschwanstein CastleBavaria - Germany

List of countries visited worldwide. [Read more]

Austria …16 photosBelgium …277 photosBhutan …255 photosCambodia …265 photosChina …284 photosFrance …2,568 photosGermany …4,302 photosGreece …1,630 photosIceland …194 photosIndia …3,871 photosItaly …14,018 photosJordan …184 photosKazakhstan …371 photosLaos …1,145 photosMyanmar …308 photosNepal …954 photosNetherlands …1,819 photosNorway …138 photosPeru …1,307 photosRussia …10 photosSuriname …35 photosUnited States …62 photosVatican City137 photosVietnam …240 photosYemen …226 photos
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