Austria …16 photosBelgium …280 photosBhutan …255 photosCambodia …265 photosChina …284 photosFrance …2,650 photosGermany …4,249 photosGreece …1,630 photosIceland …194 photosIndia …3,744 photosItaly …14,222 photosJordan …184 photosKazakhstan …376 photosLaos …1,162 photosMyanmar …308 photosNepal …954 photosNetherlands …1,995 photosNorway …138 photosPeru …1,335 photosRussia …386 photosSuriname …35 photosUnited States …62 photosVatican City136 photosVietnam …251 photosYemen …226 photosBaikonur205 photosBaikonur Cosmodrome171 photosAlps …314 photosArcheological sites …2,147 photosArchitectures and buildings …1,016 photosBeaches …361 photosBlack-and-white photography …143 photosCastels and palaces …1,516 photosChurches …2,736 photosEtruscans …210 photosFestivals …2,482 photosHilltop villages …3,663 photosHimalayas …2,300 photosLakes …568 photosLost places …712 photosMuseums …1,307 photosOpen-air museums …369 photosRomantic Road …302 photosSeaside villages …2,676 photosSeven billion neighbors452 photosSpace centers …516 photosStrange places …1,151 photosStreet Art …306 photosWorld Heritage Site (UNESCO) …6,506 photosMost beautiful black and white photos64 photosMost beautiful photos of America202 photosMost beautiful photos of Asia297 photosMost beautiful photos of Asia (Middle format)362 photosMost beautiful photos of France105 photosMost beautiful photos of Germany321 photosMost beautiful photos of Greece99 photosMost beautiful photos of Iceland65 photosMost beautiful photos of Italy663 photosMost beautiful photos of Norway68 photosMost beautiful pictures of the Benelux223 photosMost popular pages …Home page …Countries visited …35,337 photosThemes …31,753 photosMost beautiful photos …2,469 photosMost popular pages …Newest pagesSitemapPublicationsContactBaikonur CosmodromeEnglishCosmodrome de BaïkonourFrançaisKosmodrom BaikonurDeutschCosmodromo di BajkonurItalianoCosmódromo de BaikonurPortuguêsCosmódromo de BaikonurEspañol

Baikonur Cosmodrome

171 photos


Soyuz TMA-12 (229) Soyuz Rollout
Soyuz TMA-12 (229)Soyuz Rollout

Coordinates: 45° 55′ 13″ N, 63° 20′ 32″ E

The Baikonur Cosmodrome, also called Tyuratam, is the world’s first and largest operational space launch facility. It is located in the desert steppes of Kazakhstan, about 200 km east of the Aral Sea, north of the Syr Darya River, near Tyuratam railway station, at 90 m above sea level. It is leased by the Kazakh government to Russia (currently until 2050) and is managed jointly by the Russian Federal Space Agency and the Russian Space Forces.

[Read more]

The shape of the area leased is an ellipse, measuring 90 km east-west by 85 km north-south, with the cosmodrome at the centre. It was originally built by the Soviet Union in the late 1950s as the base of operations for its ambitious space program. Under the current Russian space program, Baikonur remains a busy space port, with numerous commercial, military and scientific missions being launched annually. Vostok 1, the first manned spacecraft in human history, was launched from one of Baikonur’s launch pads, which is presently known as Gagarin’s Launch Site.


GIOVE-B mission had the main goal of claiming the frequencies allocated to Galileo by the ITU, and had greatly improved signal generation hardware compared to GIOVE-A. It was originally built by the satellite consortium European Satellite Navigation Industries, but following re-organization of the project in 2007, the satellite prime contractor responsibility was passed to Astrium GmbH. GIOVE-B carried three atomic clocks: two rubidium standards and the first space-qualified passive hydrogen maser.

The launch took place on 27 April 2008 at 04:16 Baikonur time (22:16 UTC) aboard a Soyuz-FG/Fregat rocket provided by Starsem. The Fregat stage was ignited three times to place the satellite into orbit at 23.200 km. Giove-B reached its projected orbit 3 hours 45 minutes later and successfully deployed its solar panels.

Soyuz TMA-12

Soyuz TMA-12 was a Soyuz mission to the International Space Station (ISS) which was launched by a Soyuz FG rocket at 11:16 UTC on 8 April 2008. It docked to the Pirs module of the station on 10 April 2008. Yi So-yeon flew as a guest of the Russian Government through the Korean Astronaut Program.

Photo gallery

Pictures taken with a Canon EOS1-Ds Mark II


See also