The Colca Canyon is a canyon of the Colca River in southern Peru located about 160 km north-west of Arequipa. With up to 3,500 m, it is twice as deep as the Grand Canyon. The colourful valley is the home of the Andean Condor (Vultur gryphus). The name Colca refers to small holes in the cliffs used in Inca and pre-Inca times as tombs and to store potatoes and crops.
- Cruz del Condor: At this pass where condors soar gracefully on the rising thermals occurring as the air warms; the canyon floor is 1,200 m below the rim of the canyon.
- Chivay, Maca, Cabanaconde: A series of small villages is spread along the valley.