Tibet (བོད), the Roof of the World with an average altitude of 4,900 m, is the highest region on Earth. Songtsen Gampo unified Tibet first in the 7th century. This once independent kingdom located north of the Himalayas is today part of China. The Dalai Lamas, a line of Tibetan spiritual leaders, ruled Tibet from the 17th century until its incorporation into China in the 1950s. Tenzin Gyatso, who was born in eastern Tibet (Amdo) in 1935 and was recognised as the latest reincarnation of the Dalai Lama, fled to exile in India in 1959 following the invasion of Tibet.
List of sights
The town of Gyantse is strategically located in the Nyang Chu valley on the ancient trade routes from the Chumbi Valley, Yatung and Sikkim, which met here. From Gyantse, routes led to Shigatse downstream and also over the Karo La (Pass) to Central… [Read more]
Lhasa is a city and administrative capital of the Tibet Autonomous Region. Lhasa is the second most populous city on the Tibetan Plateau after Xining and, at an altitude of 3,490 m, Lhasa is one of the highest cities in the world. The city has been… [Read more]
Ganden Monastery (also Gaden or Gandain or Ganden Namgyeling) is one of the “great three” Gelug university monasteries of Tibet. Ganden Monastery was founded in 1409 by Je Tsongkhapa Lozang-dragpa, founder of the Gelug order. Monastery is at the… [Read more]