Belgien …280 FotosBhutan …255 FotosChina …284 FotosDeutschland …4.249 FotosFrankreich …2.650 FotosGriechenland …1.630 FotosIndien …3.744 FotosIsland …194 FotosItalien …14.222 FotosJemen …226 FotosJordanien …184 FotosKambodscha …265 FotosKasachstan …376 FotosLaos …1.162 FotosMyanmar …308 FotosNepal …954 FotosNiederlande …1.995 FotosNorwegen …138 FotosÖsterreich …16 FotosPeru …1.335 FotosRussland …386 FotosSuriname …35 FotosVatikanstadt136 FotosVereinigte Staaten …62 FotosVietnam …251 FotosBreiðamerkursandur17 FotosDyrhólaey7 FotosEystrahorn4 FotosGoðafoss8 FotosGullfoss10 FotosHverarönd29 FotosHvítserkur7 FotosIsländische Landschaften3 FotosIsländische Pferde4 FotosJökulsárlón28 FotosKirkjufell5 FotosKlifatindur16 FotosMývatn5 FotosNordlicht (Island)11 FotosOstfjorde (Island)6 FotosReynisfjara20 FotosSkógafoss5 FotosVatnajökull Eishöhlen9 FotosAlpen …314 FotosArchäologische Stätten …2.147 FotosArchitekturen und Gebäude …1.016 FotosBergdörfer …3.663 FotosDörfer am Meer …2.676 FotosEtrusker …210 FotosFestivals …2.482 FotosFreilichtmuseen …369 FotosHimalaya …2.300 FotosKirchen …2.736 FotosMuseen …1.307 FotosRaumfahrtzentren …516 FotosRomantische Straße …302 FotosSchlösser und Paläste …1.516 FotosSchwarzweißfotografie …143 FotosSeen …568 FotosSeltsame Orte …1.151 FotosSieben Milliarden Nachbarn452 FotosStrände …361 FotosStraßenkunst …306 FotosUNESCO-Welterbe …6.506 FotosVerlorene Orte …712 FotosBeliebtesten Seiten …Schönsten Bilder der Benelux-Länder223 FotosSchönsten Fotos von Amerika202 FotosSchönsten Fotos von Asien297 FotosSchönsten Fotos von Asien (Mittelformat)362 FotosSchönsten Fotos von Deutschland321 FotosSchönsten Fotos von Frankreich105 FotosSchönsten Fotos von Griechenland99 FotosSchönsten Fotos von Island65 FotosSchönsten Fotos von Italien663 FotosSchönsten Fotos von Norwegen68 FotosSchönsten Schwarz-Weiß-Fotos64 FotosStartseite …Besuchte Länder …35.337 FotosThemen …31.753 FotosSchönsten FotosBeliebtesten Seiten …Neuesten SeitenSeitenübersichtVeröffentlichungenKontaktIcelandEnglishIslandeFrançaisIslandDeutschIslandaItalianoIslândiaPortuguêsIslandiaEspañol

Island

194 Fotos

Beschreibung

Klifatindur (071)
Klifatindur (071)

Iceland is a Nordic island country of Europe located in the North Atlantic Ocean. It has a population of 332,529 and an area of 103,000 km², making it the most sparsely populated country in Europe. The capital and largest city is Reykjavík. Reykjavík and the surrounding areas in the southwest of the country are home to over two-thirds of the population.

[Mehr dazu]

Iceland is volcanically and geologically active. The interior consists of a plateau characterised by sand and lava fields, mountains, and glaciers, while many glacial rivers flow to the sea through the lowlands. Iceland is warmed by the Gulf Stream and has a temperate climate, despite a high latitude just outside the Arctic Circle. Its high latitude and marine influence keep summers chilly, with most of the archipelago having a tundra climate.

According to the ancient manuscript Landnámabók, the settlement of Iceland began in 874 AD when the Norwegian chieftain Ingólfr Arnarson became the first permanent settler on the island. In the following centuries, Norwegians, and to a lesser extent other Scandinavians, emigrated to Iceland, bringing with them thralls (i.e., slaves or serfs) of Gaelic origin. The island was governed as an independent commonwealth under the Althing, one of the world’s oldest functioning legislative assemblies. Following a period of civil strife, Iceland acceded to Norwegian rule in the 13th century.

The establishment of the Kalmar Union in 1397 united the kingdoms of Norway, Denmark, and Sweden. Iceland thus followed Norway’s integration to that union and came under Danish rule, after Sweden’s secession from that union in 1523. Although the Danish kingdom introduced Lutheranism forcefully in 1550, Iceland remained a distant semi-colonial territory in which Danish institutions and infrastructures were conspicuous by their absence.

In the wake of the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars, Iceland’s struggle for independence took form and culminated in independence in 1918 and the founding of a republic in 1944.

Until the 20th century, Iceland relied largely on subsistence fishing and agriculture, and was among the poorest countries in Europe. Industrialisation of the fisheries and Marshall Plan aid following World War II brought prosperity, and Iceland became one of the wealthiest and most developed nations in the world. In 1994, it became a part of the European Economic Area, which further diversified the economy into sectors such as finance, biotechnology, and manufacturing.

Icelandic culture is founded upon the nation’s Scandinavian heritage. Most Icelanders are descendants of Norse and Gaelic settlers. Icelandic, a North Germanic language, is descended from Old West Norse and is closely related to Faroese and West Norwegian dialects.

Liste der Sehenswürdigkeiten

Karte

Siehe auch

Besuchte Länder35.337 Fotos

Schloss Neuschwanstein (160)
Schloss NeuschwansteinDeutschland

Liste der besuchten Länder weltweit. [Mehr dazu]

Belgien …280 FotosBhutan …255 FotosChina …284 FotosDeutschland …4.249 FotosFrankreich …2.650 FotosGriechenland …1.630 FotosIndien …3.744 FotosIsland …194 FotosItalien …14.222 FotosJemen …226 FotosJordanien …184 FotosKambodscha …265 FotosKasachstan …376 FotosLaos …1.162 FotosMyanmar …308 FotosNepal …954 FotosNiederlande …1.995 FotosNorwegen …138 FotosÖsterreich …16 FotosPeru …1.335 FotosRussland …386 FotosSuriname …35 FotosVatikanstadt136 FotosVereinigte Staaten …62 FotosVietnam …251 Fotos