India3,871 photos

Description

Humayun’s Tomb (187)
Humayun’s Tomb (187)

India (भारत गणराज्य), officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the south-west, and the Bay of Bengal on the south-east, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north-east; and Burma and Bangladesh to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives; in addition, India’s Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.

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Home to the ancient Indus Valley Civilisation and a region of historic trade routes and vast empires, the Indian subcontinent was identified with its commercial and cultural wealth for much of its long history. Four world religions Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism originated here, whereas Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Christianity, and Islam arrived in the 1st millennium CE and also helped shape the region’s diverse culture. Gradually annexed by and brought under the administration of the British East India Company from the early 18th century and administered directly by the United Kingdom from the mid-19th century, India became an independent nation in 1947 after a struggle for independence that was marked by non-violent resistance led by Mahatma Gandhi.

The Indian economy is the world’s eleventh-largest by nominal GDP and third-largest by Purchasing Power Parity (PPP). Following market-based economic reforms in 1991, India became one of the fastest-growing major economies; it is considered a newly industrialised country. However, it continues to face the challenges of poverty, corruption, malnutrition, inadequate public healthcare, and terrorism. India is a federal constitutional republic governed under a parliamentary system consisting of 28 states and 7 union territories. India is a pluralistic, multilingual, and a multi-ethnic society. It is also home to a diversity of wildlife in a variety of protected habitats.

List of sights

Ajanta145 photos

Ajanta Caves (503) Cave 26
AjantaIndia

Coordinates: 20° 33′ 11″ N, 75° 42′ 1″ E

The Ajanta Caves, in Maharashtra, are 31 rock-cut cave monuments which date from the 2nd century BC. The caves include paintings and sculptures considered to be masterpieces of both Buddhist religious art (which depict the Jataka Tales) as well as… [Read more]

Alchi41 photos

Alchi (045)
AlchiIndia

Coordinates: 34° 13′ 25″ N, 77° 10′ 31″ E

Alchi, a village and monastery situated on the bank of Indus River 70 km from the capital in Leh, is situated, unlike the other gompas in Ladakh, on lowland, not on a hilltop. The village is famous for the existence of one of the oldest monasteries… [Read more]

Alwar51 photos

Alwar (033)
AlwarIndia

Coordinates: 27° 34′ 13″ N, 76° 35′ 37″ E

Alwar is a city and administrative headquarters of Alwar District in the state of Rajasthan, India. It is located around 160 km south of Delhi, and about 150 km north of Jaipur, the capital of Rajasthan. Alwar was formerly the capital of the… [Read more]

Aurangabad21 photos

Aurangabad (010) Bibi Ka Maqbara
AurangabadIndia

Coordinates: 19° 53′ 58″ N, 75° 19′ 11″ E

Aurangabad is a city of Maharashtra, named after the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. The city is surrounded with many historical monuments, including the Ajanta Caves and Ellora Caves, which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites, as well as Bibi Ka Maqbara. … [Read more]

Bundi70 photos

Bundi (291) Taragarh Fort
BundiIndia

Coordinates: 25° 26′ 57″ N, 75° 38′ 17″ E

Bundi, is a city in the Hadoti region of Rajasthan state in north-west India. It is of particular architectural note for its ornate forts, palaces, and step well reservoirs known as baoris. The town is situated 35 km from Kota and 210 km from Jaipur[Read more]

Chemrey30 photos

Chemrey (005)
ChemreyIndia

Coordinates: 33° 57′ 29″ N, 77° 47′ 19″ E

Chemrey, gompa of the Drukpa (Red Hat) sect in eastern Ladakh, was founded in 1664 as a memorial to a local king. [Read more]

Chittaurgarh69 photos

Chittaurgarh (092)
ChittaurgarhIndia

Coordinates: 24° 53′ 28″ N, 74° 38′ 48″ E

Chittaurgarh (Chittorgarh), is a city and a municipality in Rajasthan state of western India. It lies on the Berach River, a tributary of the Banas, and is a former capital of the Sisodia clans of Rajputs of Mewar. Fiercely independent, the fort of … [Read more]

Datia95 photos

Datia (215) Bir Singh Deo Palace
DatiaIndia

Coordinates: 25° 40′ 15″ N, 78° 27′ 4″ E

Datia, a small rural town in the state of Madhya Pradesh, was formerly the seat of the eponymous princely state in the British Raj. Datia is situated near Gwalior and on the border with Uttar Pradesh. The old town is surrounded by a stone wall,… [Read more]

Deeg49 photos

Deeg (168) Deeg Palace (Jal Mahal)
DeegIndia

Coordinates: 27° 28′ 20″ N, 77° 19′ 25″ E

Deeg Palace, built in 1772, is situated near Bharatpur in Rajasthan. Deeg was the first capital of the newly carved out Jat State of Bharatpur, when Badan Singh was proclaimed its ruler in 1722. In 1730, the Maharaja Suraj Mal erected the strong… [Read more]

Delhi308 photos

Humayun’s Tomb (187)
Humayun’s TombDelhi - India

Delhi, the largest metropolis by area and the second-largest metropolis by population in India after Mumbai, is the capital of India. Located on the banks of the Yamuna River, Delhi has been continuously inhabited since at least the 6th century… [Read more]

Begumpur Masjid16 photosHumayun’s Tomb39 photosJama-Masjid-(Delhi)9 photosJantar Mantar (Delhi)35 photosLodi Gardens49 photosLotus Temple18 photosMehrauli archaeological park56 photosQutb-Minar68 photosTomb of Safdarjung18 photos

Ellora120 photos

Ellora Caves (525) Cave 16 (Kailasa Temple)
ElloraIndia

Coordinates: 20° 1′ 26″ N, 75° 10′ 44″ E

Ellora is an archaeological site, 30 km from the city of Aurangabad in the Indian state of Maharashtra built by the Rashtrakuta rulers. Well-known for its monumental caves, Ellora is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Ellora represents the epitome of… [Read more]

Fatehpur Sikri107 photos

Fatehpur Sikri (002) Diwan-i-Khas
Fatehpur SikriIndia

Coordinates: 27° 5′ 51″ N, 77° 39′ 58″ E

Fatehpur Sikri, a city in the state of Uttar Pradesh, was constructed by Mughal Emperor Akbar beginning in 1570 and served as the empire’s capital from 1571 until 1585. It was abandoned after only 14 years because the water supply was unable to… [Read more]

Gwalior48 photos

Gwalior (035) Gwalior Fort
GwaliorIndia

Coordinates: 26° 13′ 48″ N, 78° 10′ 8″ E

Gwalior Fort, built in the 8th century in the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh, stands on an isolated rock, overlooking the Gwalior town. It is one of the biggest forts in India. It is said that the Mughal Emperor Babur (1483 - 1531)… [Read more]

Hemis65 photos

Hemis (148)
HemisIndia

Coordinates: 33° 54′ 46″ N, 77° 42′ 11″ E

Hemis Gompa, a monastery 40 km south-east of Leh in Ladakh, was established in 1672 by King Senge Nampar Gyalva. [Read more]

Jaipur192 photos

Jaipur (592) Hawa Mahal (Palace of Winds)
JaipurIndia

Coordinates: 26° 55′ 32″ N, 75° 49′ 26″ E

Jaipur, also popularly known as the Pink City, is the capital and largest city of the Indian state of Rajasthan. During the British rule in India, Jaipur was the capital of the princely state of Jaipur. It was founded on 18 November 1727 by … [Read more]

Jaisalmer215 photos

Jaisalmer (904) Jaisalmer Fort
JaisalmerIndia

Coordinates: 26° 54′ 45″ N, 70° 54′ 48″ E

Jaisalmer, nicknamed “The Golden City”, is a town in the Indian state of Rajasthan. It is located 575 km west from the state capital Jaipur. The town stands on a ridge of yellowish sandstone, crowned by a fort, which contains the palace and several… [Read more]

Jodhpur254 photos

Jodhpur (006) Mehrangarh Fort
JodhpurIndia

Coordinates: 26° 17′ 57″ N, 73° 1′ 10″ E

Jodhpur is the second largest city in the Indian state of Rajasthan. It is located 335 km west from the state capital, Jaipur. The city is known as the Sun City for the bright, sunny weather it enjoys all year. It is also referred to as the Blue[Read more]

Kumbhalgarh8 photos

Kumbhalgarh (018)
KumbhalgarhIndia

Coordinates: 25° 9′ 10″ N, 73° 35′ 11″ E

Kumbhalgarh (literally “Kumbhal fort”) is a Mewar fortress on the westerly range of Aravalli Hills, in the Rajsamand district near Udaipur of Rajasthan state in western India. It is a World Heritage Site included in Hill Forts of Rajasthan. Built… [Read more]

Kusum Sarovar75 photos

Kusum Sarovar (161)
Kusum SarovarIndia

Coordinates: 27° 30′ 44″ N, 77° 28′ 40″ E

Kusum Sarovar, close to Govardhan, is crowned by the cenotaphs of the members of the royal family of Bharatpur, a significant architectural group erected in honour of Suraj Mal (See also the summer palace of the members of the royal family of … [Read more]

Lamayuru30 photos

Lamayuru (001)
LamayuruIndia

Coordinates: 34° 16′ 58″ N, 76° 46′ 28″ E

Lamayuru Gompa, one of the largest and oldest gompas in Ladakh, housed up to 400 monks. The Indian scholar Mahasiddhacarya Naropa (956-1041) caused a lake which filled the valley to dry up and founded Lamayuru Monastery. [Read more]

Leh79 photos

Leh (234)
LehIndia

Coordinates: 34° 9′ 53″ N, 77° 35′ 7″ E

Leh, the capital of the Himalayan kingdom of Ladakh, is dominated by the ruined Leh Palace former home of the royal family of Ladakh, built in the same style and about the same time as the Potala Palace. Leh is at an altitude of 3,500 m. Leh has… [Read more]

Matho218 photos

Matho (223) Festival of the Oracles
MathoIndia

Coordinates: 33° 59′ 56″ N, 77° 37′ 51″ E

Matho Gompa, a Tibetan Buddhist monastery in Ladakh east of Leh, is the only example of the Sakyapa sect. It is known for its annual Oracle Festival, Matho Nagran, held on the 14th and 15th days of the first month of the Tibetan calendar. During… [Read more]

Mathura37 photos

Mathura (083)
MathuraIndia

Coordinates: 27° 30′ 9″ N, 77° 41′ 22″ E

Mathura, said to be the birthplace of Lord Krishna, was as per the epics Mahabharata, the capital of the Surasena Kingdom, ruled by Kansa the maternal uncle of Krishna. The Vishram Ghat, a bath and worship place on the banks of Yamuna River, is the… [Read more]

Nagda53 photos

Nagda (122) Sahasra Bahu Temples
NagdaIndia

Coordinates: 24° 44′ 7″ N, 73° 42′ 58″ E

Nagda is a small town in the Indian state of Rajasthan. In the 6th century, Nagda was found by Nagaditya, the fourth Mewar King. Initially it was known as Nagahrida and served as the capital of Mewar. Nagda is located besides Bagela Lake at a… [Read more]

Orchha116 photos

Orchha (084) Jahangir Mahal
OrchhaIndia

Coordinates: 25° 21′ 2″ N, 78° 38′ 39″ E

Orchha, a town 15 km from Jhansi in Uttar Pradesh, lies on the Betwa River and was the seat of an eponymous former princely state of central India, in the Bundelkhand region. On a seasonal island on the bank of the Betwa River stands a huge… [Read more]

Phyang16 photos

Phyang (003)
PhyangIndia

Coordinates: 34° 11′ 12″ N, 77° 29′ 21″ E

Phyang Gompa, a Buddhist monastery located 16 km west of Leh, was established in 1515. The monastery is one of only two in Ladakh belonging to the Drigungpa School, one of eight schools derived from the teachings of Phakmadrupa Dorje Gyelpo[Read more]

Pushkar256 photos

Pushkar (366) Pushkar Camel Fair (Kartik Mela)
PushkarIndia

Coordinates: 26° 29′ 20″ N, 74° 33′ 8″ E

Pushkar, is a town in the state of Rajasthan, situated at 14 km north-west from Ajmer, and is one of the five sacred Dhams (pilgrimage sites for devout Hindus). It is often called “Tirth Raj” - the king of pilgrimage sites. Pushkar is one of the… [Read more]

Ranakpur140 photos

Ranakpur (163) Chaturmukha Dharana Vihara
RanakpurIndia

Coordinates: 25° 6′ 57″ N, 73° 28′ 20″ E

Ranakpur is widely known for its marble Jain temple, and for a much older Sun Temple which lies opposite the former. Light coloured marble has been used for the construction of this grand temple which occupies an area of approximately 60 m x 62 m.… [Read more]

Rizong17 photos

Rizong (010)
RizongIndia

Coordinates: 34° 16′ 34″ N, 77° 6′ 38″ E

Rizong Gompa, a Gelugpa or Yellow Hat Buddhist monastery, is situated at the top of a rocky side valley on the west of Alchi on the way to Lamayuru. It was established in 1831 by Lama Tsultim Nima under the Gelukpa order, at Ri-rdzong. A nunnery,… [Read more]

Spituk25 photos

Spituk (020)
SpitukIndia

Coordinates: 34° 7′ 32″ N, 77° 31′ 35″ E

Spituk Gompa, a Buddhist monastery located 8 km from Leh, was founded by Od-de, the elder brother of Lha Lama Changchub Od in the 11th century. [Read more]

Stakna8 photos

Stakna (027)
StaknaIndia

Coordinates: 34° 0′ 18″ N, 77° 41′ 7″ E

Stakna Gompa, a Buddhist monastery of the Drugpa Sect, is located 25 km south-west from Leh on the right bank of the Indus River. It was founded in the late 16th century by a Bhutanese scholar and saint, Chosje Jamyang Palkar. [Read more]

Stok244 photos

Stok (288) Stok Guru Tsechu Festival
StokIndia

Coordinates: 34° 3′ 57″ N, 77° 32′ 32″ E

Stok Gompa, a Buddhist monastery 15 km south of Leh, was founded by Lama Lhawang Lotus in the 14th century. A ritual dance-mask festival is held annually. It is also the residence of the Ladakhi royalty. [Read more]

Takthok26 photos

Takthok (033)
TakthokIndia

Coordinates: 34° 0′ 19″ N, 77° 49′ 13″ E

Takthok Gompa, a monastery in the Sakti village 46 km east of Leh in Ladakh, was founded in the mid-16th century during the reign of Tshewang Namgyal on a mountainside around a cave in which Padmasambhava is said to have meditated in the 8th[Read more]

Thiksey62 photos

Thiksey (036)
ThikseyIndia

Coordinates: 34° 3′ 23″ N, 77° 39′ 59″ E

Thiksey Gompa (Thiksay Gompa, Thikse Gompa, Tikse Gompa), a Yellow Hat (Gelugpa) Buddhist monastery, is located east of Leh at an altitude of 3,600 m. The monastery is a 12-storey complex, noted for its images and mural paintings of Buddhist art… [Read more]

Udaipur49 photos

Udaipur (009) City Palace
UdaipurIndia

Coordinates: 24° 34′ 37″ N, 73° 41′ 1″ E

Udaipur, also known as the City of Lakes, is a city in the state of Rajasthan in western India. It is located 400 km south-west of the state capital, Jaipur and 250 km north-east from Ahmedabad. Udaipur was the historic capital of the former… [Read more]

Varanasi161 photos

Varanasi (248) Prayag Ghat
VaranasiIndia

Coordinates: 25° 18′ 25″ N, 83° 0′ 38″ E

Varanasi, also commonly known as Benares, is a city situated on the banks of the Ganges River in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is regarded as a holy city by Buddhists and Jains, and is the holiest place in the world in Hinduism (and centre… [Read more]

Zanskar184 photos

Zanskar (066) Karsha
ZanskarIndia

Coordinates: 33° 14′ 24″ N, 77° 8′ 56″ E

Zanskar covers an area of about 7,000 km², at an altitude between 3,500 and 7,000 m. It consists of the country lying along the two main branches of the Zanskar River; the Doda and the Lungnak rivers. The Zanskar River takes a north-eastern course… [Read more]

Map

See also

Countries visited35,201 photos

Neuschwanstein Castle (160)
Neuschwanstein CastleGermany

List of countries visited worldwide. [Read more]

Austria …16 photosBelgium …277 photosBhutan …255 photosCambodia …265 photosChina …284 photosFrance …2,568 photosGermany …4,257 photosGreece …1,630 photosIceland …194 photosIndia …3,871 photosItaly …14,222 photosJordan …184 photosKazakhstan …371 photosLaos …1,162 photosMyanmar …308 photosNepal …954 photosNetherlands …1,819 photosNorway …138 photosPeru …1,335 photosRussia …381 photosSuriname …35 photosUnited States …62 photosVatican City136 photosVietnam …251 photosYemen …226 photos