India

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Description

Humayun’s Tomb (187)
Humayun’s Tomb (187)

India (भारत गणराज्य), officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the south-west, and the Bay of Bengal on the south-east, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north-east; and Burma and Bangladesh to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives; in addition, India’s Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.

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Home to the ancient Indus Valley Civilisation and a region of historic trade routes and vast empires, the Indian subcontinent was identified with its commercial and cultural wealth for much of its long history. Four world religions Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism originated here, whereas Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Christianity, and Islam arrived in the 1st millennium CE and also helped shape the region’s diverse culture. Gradually annexed by and brought under the administration of the British East India Company from the early 18th century and administered directly by the United Kingdom from the mid-19th century, India became an independent nation in 1947 after a struggle for independence that was marked by non-violent resistance led by Mahatma Gandhi.

The Indian economy is the world’s eleventh-largest by nominal GDP and third-largest by Purchasing Power Parity (PPP). Following market-based economic reforms in 1991, India became one of the fastest-growing major economies; it is considered a newly industrialised country. However, it continues to face the challenges of poverty, corruption, malnutrition, inadequate public healthcare, and terrorism. India is a federal constitutional republic governed under a parliamentary system consisting of 28 states and 7 union territories. India is a pluralistic, multilingual, and a multi-ethnic society. It is also home to a diversity of wildlife in a variety of protected habitats.

List of sights

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Agra

Taj Mahal (2)
Taj Mahal (2)
27° 10′ 24″ N, 78° 2′ 32″ E

Agra, a city on the banks of the Yamuna River in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh, achieved fame as the capital of the Mughal Emperors from 1526 to 1658. It finds mention in the epic Mahabharata where it was called Agrevana, or “the border of…

Ajanta

Ajanta (1)
Ajanta (1)
20° 33′ 11″ N, 75° 42′ 1″ E

The Ajanta Caves, in Maharashtra, are 31 rock-cut cave monuments which date from the 2nd century BC. The caves include paintings and sculptures considered to be masterpieces of both Buddhist religious art (which depict the Jataka Tales) as well as…

Alchi

Alchi (1)
Alchi (1)
34° 13′ 25″ N, 77° 10′ 31″ E

Alchi, a village and monastery situated on the bank of Indus River 70 km from the capital in Leh, is situated, unlike the other gompas in Ladakh, on lowland, not on a hilltop. The village is famous for the existence of one of the oldest…

Alwar

Alwar (1)
Alwar (1)
27° 34′ 13″ N, 76° 35′ 37″ E

Alwar is a city and administrative headquarters of Alwar District in the state of Rajasthan, India. It is located around 160 km south of Delhi, and about 150 km north of Jaipur, the capital of Rajasthan. Alwar was formerly the capital of the…

Aurangabad

Aurangabad (1)
Aurangabad (1)
19° 53′ 58″ N, 75° 19′ 11″ E

Aurangabad is a city of Maharashtra, named after the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. The city is surrounded with many historical monuments, including the Ajanta Caves and Ellora Caves, which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites, as well as Bibi Ka Maqbara.…

Black-and-white pictures of India

Photo gallery of black-and-white pictures of India.

Bundi

Bundi (1)
Bundi (1)
25° 26′ 57″ N, 75° 38′ 17″ E

Bundi, is a city in the Hadoti region of Rajasthan state in north-west India. It is of particular architectural note for its ornate forts, palaces, and step well reservoirs known as baoris. The town is situated 35 km from Kota and 210 km from…

Chemrey

Chemrey (1)
Chemrey (1)
33° 57′ 29″ N, 77° 47′ 19″ E

Chemrey, gompa of the Drukpa (Red Hat) sect in eastern Ladakh, was founded in 1664 as a memorial to a local king.

Chittaurgarh

Chittaurgarh (1)
Chittaurgarh (1)
24° 53′ 28″ N, 74° 38′ 48″ E

Chittaurgarh, is a city and a municipality in Rajasthan state of western India. It lies on the Berach River, a tributary of the Banas, and is a former capital of the Sisodia clans of Rajputs of Mewar. Fiercely independent, the fort of Chittaur was…

Datia

Datia (1)
Datia (1)
25° 40′ 15″ N, 78° 27′ 4″ E

Datia, a small rural town in the state of Madhya Pradesh, was formerly the seat of the eponymous princely state in the British Raj. Datia is situated near Gwalior and on the border with Uttar Pradesh. The old town is surrounded by a stone wall,…

Deeg

Deeg (1)
Deeg (1)
27° 28′ 20″ N, 77° 19′ 25″ E

Deeg Palace, built in 1772, is situated near Bharatpur in Rajasthan. Deeg was the first capital of the newly carved out Jat State of Bharatpur, when Badan Singh was proclaimed its ruler in 1722. In 1730, the Maharaja Suraj Mal erected the strong…

Delhi

Humayun’s Tomb (1)
Humayun’s Tomb (1)
28° 35′ 36″ N, 77° 14′ 58″ E

Delhi, the largest metropolis by area and the second-largest metropolis by population in India after Mumbai, is the capital of India. Located on the banks of the Yamuna River, Delhi has been continuously inhabited since at least the 6th century…

Ellora

Ellora (1)
Ellora (1)
20° 1′ 26″ N, 75° 10′ 44″ E

Ellora is an archaeological site, 30 km from the city of Aurangabad in the Indian state of Maharashtra built by the Rashtrakuta rulers. Well-known for its monumental caves, Ellora is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Ellora represents the epitome of…

Fatehpur Sikri

Fatehpur Sikri (1)
Fatehpur Sikri (1)
27° 5′ 51″ N, 77° 39′ 58″ E

Fatehpur Sikri, a city in the state of Uttar Pradesh, was constructed by Mughal Emperor Akbar beginning in 1570 and served as the empire’s capital from 1571 until 1585. It was abandoned after only 14 years because the water supply was unable to…

Gwalior

Gwalior (1)
Gwalior (1)
26° 13′ 48″ N, 78° 10′ 8″ E

Gwalior Fort, built in the 8th century in the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh, stands on an isolated rock, overlooking the Gwalior town. It is one of the biggest forts in India. It is said that the Mughal Emperor Babur (1483 - 1531)…

Hemis

Hemis (1)
Hemis (1)
33° 54′ 46″ N, 77° 42′ 11″ E

Hemis Gompa, a monastery 40 km south-east of Leh in Ladakh, was established in 1672 by King Senge Nampar Gyalva.

Jaipur

Jaipur (5)
Jaipur (5)
26° 55′ 32″ N, 75° 49′ 26″ E

Jaipur, also popularly known as the Pink City, is the capital and largest city of the Indian state of Rajasthan. During the British rule in India, Jaipur was the capital of the princely state of Jaipur. It was founded on 18 November 1727 by…

Jaisalmer

Jaisalmer (1)
Jaisalmer (1)
26° 54′ 45″ N, 70° 54′ 48″ E

Jaisalmer, nicknamed “The Golden City”, is a town in the Indian state of Rajasthan. It is located 575 km west from the state capital Jaipur. The town stands on a ridge of yellowish sandstone, crowned by a fort, which contains the palace and…

Jodhpur

Jodhpur (3)
Jodhpur (3)
26° 17′ 57″ N, 73° 1′ 10″ E

Jodhpur is the second largest city in the Indian state of Rajasthan. It is located 335 km west from the state capital, Jaipur. The city is known as the Sun City for the bright, sunny weather it enjoys all year. It is also referred to as the Blue…

Kusum Sarovar

Kusum Sarovar (1)
Kusum Sarovar (1)
27° 30′ 44″ N, 77° 28′ 40″ E

Kusum Sarovar, close to Govardhan, is crowned by the cenotaphs of the members of the royal family of Bharatpur, a significant architectural group erected in honour of Suraj Mal (See also the summer palace of the members of the royal family of…

Lamayuru

Lamayuru (1)
Lamayuru (1)
34° 16′ 58″ N, 76° 46′ 28″ E

Lamayuru Gompa, one of the largest and oldest gompas in Ladakh, housed up to 400 monks. The Indian scholar Mahasiddhacarya Naropa (956-1041) caused a lake which filled the valley to dry up and founded Lamayuru Monastery.

Leh

Leh (1)
Leh (1)
34° 9′ 53″ N, 77° 35′ 7″ E

Leh, the capital of the Himalayan kingdom of Ladakh, is dominated by the ruined Leh Palace former home of the royal family of Ladakh, built in the same style and about the same time as the Potala Palace. Leh is at an altitude of 3,500 m. Leh has…

Matho

Matho (1)
Matho (1)
33° 59′ 56″ N, 77° 37′ 51″ E

Matho Gompa, a Tibetan Buddhist monastery in Ladakh east of Leh, is the only example of the Sakyapa sect. It is known for its annual Oracle Festival, Matho Nagran, held on the 14th and 15th days of the first month of the Tibetan calendar. During…

Mathura

Mathura (1)
Mathura (1)
27° 30′ 9″ N, 77° 41′ 22″ E

Mathura, said to be the birthplace of Lord Krishna, was as per the epics Mahabharata, the capital of the Surasena Kingdom, ruled by Kansa the maternal uncle of Krishna. The Vishram Ghat, a bath and worship place on the banks of Yamuna River, is…

Nagda

Nagda (1)
Nagda (1)
24° 44′ 7″ N, 73° 42′ 58″ E

Nagda is a small town in the Indian state of Rajasthan. In the 6th century, Nagda was found by Nagaditya, the fourth Mewar King. Initially it was known as Nagahrida and served as the capital of Mewar. Nagda is located besides Bagela Lake at a…

Orchha

Orchha (1)
Orchha (1)
25° 21′ 2″ N, 78° 38′ 39″ E

Orchha, a town 15 km from Jhansi in Uttar Pradesh, lies on the Betwa River and was the seat of an eponymous former princely state of central India, in the Bundelkhand region. On a seasonal island on the bank of the Betwa River stands a huge…

Phyang

Phyang (1)
Phyang (1)
34° 11′ 12″ N, 77° 29′ 21″ E

Phyang Gompa, a Buddhist monastery located 16 km west of Leh, was established in 1515. The monastery is one of only two in Ladakh belonging to the Drigungpa School, one of eight schools derived from the teachings of Phakmadrupa Dorje Gyelpo…

Pushkar

Pushkar (5)
Pushkar (5)
26° 29′ 20″ N, 74° 33′ 8″ E

Pushkar, is a town in the state of Rajasthan, situated at 14 km north-west from Ajmer, and is one of the five sacred Dhams (pilgrimage sites for devout Hindus). It is often called “Tirth Raj” - the king of pilgrimage sites. Pushkar is one of the…

Ranakpur

Ranakpur (1)
Ranakpur (1)
25° 6′ 57″ N, 73° 28′ 20″ E

Ranakpur is widely known for its marble Jain temple, and for a much older Sun Temple which lies opposite the former. Light coloured marble has been used for the construction of this grand temple which occupies an area of approximately 60 m x 62 m.…

Rizong

Rizong (1)
Rizong (1)
34° 16′ 34″ N, 77° 6′ 38″ E

Rizong Gompa, a Gelugpa or Yellow Hat Buddhist monastery, is situated at the top of a rocky side valley on the west of Alchi on the way to Lamayuru. It was established in 1831 by Lama Tsultim Nima under the Gelukpa order, at Ri-rdzong. A nunnery,…

Saspol

Saspol (1)
Saspol (1)
34° 14′ 60″ N, 77° 9′ 38″ E

Saspol has some caves with wall-paintings as old as those at Alchi.

Shey

Shey (020)
Shey (020)
34° 4′ 23″ N, 77° 38′ 0″ E

Shey, located 15 km from Leh towards Hemis, has the old summer Palace of the kings of Ladakh. The palace was built more than 560 years ago by Lhachen Palgyigon, the king of Ladakh. The palace has the largest golden Buddha statue in Ladakh.

Spituk

Spituk (1)
Spituk (1)
34° 7′ 32″ N, 77° 31′ 35″ E

Spituk Gompa, a Buddhist monastery located 8 km from Leh, was founded by Od-de, the elder brother of Lha Lama Changchub Od in the 11th century.

Stakna

Stakna (016)
Stakna (016)
34° 0′ 18″ N, 77° 41′ 7″ E

Stakna Gompa, a Buddhist monastery of the Drugpa Sect, is located 25 km south-west from Leh on the right bank of the Indus River. It was founded in the late 16th century by a Bhutanese scholar and saint, Chosje Jamyang Palkar.

Stok

Stok (4)
Stok (4)
34° 3′ 57″ N, 77° 32′ 32″ E

Stok Gompa, a Buddhist monastery 15 km south of Leh, was founded by Lama Lhawang Lotus in the 14th century. A ritual dance-mask festival is held annually. It is also the residence of the Ladakhi royalty.

Takthok

Takthok (1)
Takthok (1)
34° 0′ 19″ N, 77° 49′ 13″ E

Takthok Gompa, a monastery in the Sakti village 46 km east of Leh in Ladakh, was founded in the mid-16th century during the reign of Tshewang Namgyal on a mountainside around a cave in which Padmasambhava is said to have meditated in the 8th

Thiksey

Tikse (1)
Tikse (1)
34° 3′ 23″ N, 77° 39′ 59″ E

Thiksey Gompa (Thiksay Gompa), a Yellow Hat (Gelugpa) Buddhist monastery, is located east of Leh at an altitude of 3,600 m. The monastery is a 12-storey complex, noted for its images and mural paintings of Buddhist art displayed variously in its…

Udaipur

Udaipur (1)
Udaipur (1)
24° 34′ 37″ N, 73° 41′ 1″ E

Udaipur, also known as the City of Lakes, is a city in the state of Rajasthan in western India. It is located 400 km south-west of the state capital, Jaipur and 250 km north-east from Ahmedabad. Udaipur was the historic capital of the former…

Varanasi

Varanasi (1)
Varanasi (1)
25° 18′ 25″ N, 83° 0′ 38″ E

Varanasi, also commonly known as Benares, is a city situated on the banks of the Ganges River in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is regarded as a holy city by Buddhists and Jains, and is the holiest place in the world in Hinduism (and centre…

Zanskar

Phuktal (1)
Phuktal (1)
33° 14′ 24″ N, 77° 8′ 56″ E

Zanskar covers an area of about 7,000 km², at an altitude between 3,500 and 7,000 m. It consists of the country lying along the two main branches of the Zanskar River; the Doda and the Lungnak rivers. The Zanskar River takes a north-eastern course…

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