Campania is a region in southern Italy. The region has a population of around 5.8 million people, making it the second most populous region of Italy; its total area of 13,590 km² makes it the most densely populated region in the country. Located on the Italian Peninsula, with the Mediterranean Sea to the west, it includes the small Phlegraean Islands and Capri for administration as part of the region. It was colonised by Ancient Greeks and was part of Magna Graecia. During the Roman era the area maintained a Greco-Roman culture. The capital city of Campania is Naples. Campania is rich in culture, especially in regards to gastronomy, music, architecture, archaeological and ancient sites such as Pompeii, Herculaneum, Paestum and Velia. The name of Campania itself is derived from Latin, as the Romans knew the region as Campania Felix, which translates into English as “Fertile Countryside”. The rich natural sights of Campania make it highly important in the tourism industry, especially along the Amalfi Coast, Mount Vesuvius and the island of Capri.
List of sights
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The Amalfi Coast (Costiera Amalfitana), on the south of Naples, extends from Positano in the west to Vietri sul Mare in the east.
Capri is an Italian island in the Tyrrhenian Sea of the Sorrentine Peninsula. It has been a resort since the time of the Roman Republic. Features of the island are the Marina Piccola (the little harbour), the Belvedere of Tragara, which is a high…
Caserta is located north east of Naples on the edge of the Campanian Plain at the foot of the Subapennine mountain range.
Ercolano (Herculaneum) is an ancient Roman town, located in the province of Naples which has been destroyed, along with Pompeii, in the eruption of Mount Vesuvius beginning on August 24, AD 79.
Ischia is a volcanic island in the Tyrrhenian Sea. It lies at the northern end of the Gulf of Naples, about 30 km from the city of Naples. It is the largest of the Phlegrean Islands. Roughly trapezoidal in shape, it measures around 10 km east to…
Mount Vesuvius (Vesuvio) is a stratovolcano on the Bay of Naples, Italy, about 9 km east of Naples and a short distance from the shore. It is the only volcano on the European mainland to have erupted within the last hundred years, although it is…
Naples is the capital of the region of Campania. The city is known for its rich history which began more than 2,800 years ago. Naples is located halfway between two volcanic areas, the volcano Mount Vesuvius and the Phlegraean Fields, sitting on…
The monastery of Padula (Certosa di Padula / Certosa di San Lorenzo), founded by Tommaso San Severino in 1306, constitutes the second largest Chartreuse in Italy after the one in Parma and is dedicated to St Lawrence. Besides its 320 rooms and…
Paestum, situated close to the tyrrhenian coast on the road linking Agropoli to Battipaglia, was founded around the end of the 7th century BC by colonists from the Greek city of Sybaris, and originally known as Poseidonia. Outside of…
Procida is one of the Phlegrean islands off the coast of Naples in southern Italy. The island is between Cape Miseno and the island of Ischia. With its tiny satellite island of Vivara, it is a municipality of the province of Naples, in the region…
Romagnano al Monte
Romagnano al Monte is a village at the borders of Campania with Basilicata. It was destroyed in the Irpinia earthquake of 1980 and rebuilt a few kilometres away. The ghost town, at the beginning of 21st century, became a tourist attraction.
Oplontis was a town near Pompeii, in the Roman Empire. On August 24 AD 79, the eruption of Mount Vesuvius buried it under large levels of ash.
Sant’Agata de’ Goti
Sant’Agata dei Goti in the Province of Benevento in the Italian region Campania, is located about 35 km north-east of Naples near the Monte Taburno. The name does not derive from the Gothic domination of Italy (5th-6th centuries), but from the…
Solfatara is a shallow volcanic crater at Pozzuoli, near Naples. It is a dormant volcano, which still emits jets of steam with sulphurous fumes. The name comes from the Latin, Sulfa Terra, ’land of sulphur’ or “sulphur earth”. It was formed around…
Sorrento in the Campania is famous for the production of limoncello, an alcoholic digestive made from lemon rinds, alcohol, water and sugar.