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Roman Forum (162)
Roman Forum (162)

Rome is the capital of Italy and also of the homonymous province and of the region of Lazio. With 2.7 million residents in 1,285.3 km², it is also the country’s largest and most populated municipality and fourth most populous city in the European Union by population within city limits. The urban area of Rome extends beyond the administrative city limits with a population of around 3.8 million. The city is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, on the Tiber within Lazio (Latium). Rome is the only city in the world to contain in its interior a whole state; the enclave of Vatican City.

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Rome’s history spans more than two and a half thousand years, since its legendary founding in 753 BC. Rome is one of the oldest continuously occupied cities in Europe. It is referred to as “The Eternal City”, a notion expressed by ancient Roman poets and writers. In the ancient world it was successively the capital city of the Roman Kingdom, the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire, and is regarded as one of the birthplaces of Western civilization. Since the 1st century AD, Rome has been considered the seat of the Papacy and in the 8th century it became the capital of the Papal States, which lasted until 1870. In 1871 Rome became the capital of the Kingdom of Italy, and in 1946 that of the Italian Republic.

After the Middle Ages, Rome was ruled by popes such as Alexander VI and Leo X, who transformed the city into one of the major centres of the Italian Renaissance along with Florence. The current version of St Peter’s Basilica was built and the Sistine Chapel was painted by Michelangelo. Famous artists and architects, such as Bramante, Bernini and Raphael, resided for some time in Rome, contributing to its Renaissance and Baroque architecture.

List of sights

Andersen Museum8 photos

Appian Way26 photos

Auditorium22 photos

Aula Ottagona48 photos

Baths of Caracalla32 photos

Campo de’ Fiori100 photos

Canova Tadolini Workshop59 photos

Capitoline Hill19 photos

Capitoline Museums77 photos

Cemetery Campo Verano124 photos

Centro Agroalimentare Roma19 photos

Chiesa del 2000114 photos

Chiesa del Santo Volto di Gesu38 photos

Coppede103 photos

Festa della Primavera31 photos

Fontana dell’Acqua Paola27 photos

Fountain of the Goddess Rome14 photos

Fountain of the Tortoises21 photos

Galleria Sciarra24 photos

Goal - Mario Ceroli41 photos

Janiculum43 photos

Monumento a Vittorio Emanuele II23 photos

Ospedale delle Bambole42 photos

Palazzo dei Tribunali24 photos

Pantheon15 photos

Parco degli Acquedotti41 photos

Piazza Colonna5 photos

Piazza del Popolo24 photos

Piazza della Rotonda18 photos

Piazza Navona31 photos

Piazza Sant’Ignazio8 photos

Ponte Milvio85 photos

Ponte Sant’Angelo51 photos

Protestant Cemetery38 photos

Roman Forum84 photos

Saint Ignatius of Loyola at Campus Martius16 photos

San Clemente al Laterano43 photos

San Giovanni in Laterano155 photos

San Pietro in Montorio - Tempietto3 photos

Santa Cecilia in Trastevere29 photos

Santa Maria del Popolo32 photos

Santa Maria in Cosmedin15 photos

Santa Maria Maggiore29 photos

Santi Ambrogio e Carlo al Corso17 photos

Snow in Rome - February 201222 photos

Theatre of Marcellus11 photos

Tiber23 photos

Trash People111 photos

Trevi Fountain19 photos

Valentino in Rome206 photos

Vatican City136 photos

Via Margutta18 photos

Villa Doria-Pamphili20 photos

Villa Torlonia72 photos


See also

Lazio5,755 photos

Roman Forum (162)
Roman Forum (162)

Lazio is one of the 20 administrative regions of Italy, situated in the central peninsular section of the country. With about 5.7 million residents and a GDP of more than 170 billion euros, Lazio is the third most populated region of Italy, and has… [Read more]