Rome is the capital of Italy and also of the homonymous province and of the region of Lazio. With 2.7 million residents in 1,285.3 km², it is also the country’s largest and most populated municipality and fourth most populous city in the European Union by population within city limits. The urban area of Rome extends beyond the administrative city limits with a population of around 3.8 million. The city is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, on the Tiber within Lazio (Latium). Rome is the only city in the world to contain in its interior a whole state; the enclave of Vatican City.
Rome’s history spans more than two and a half thousand years, since its legendary founding in 753 BC. Rome is one of the oldest continuously occupied cities in Europe. It is referred to as “The Eternal City”, a notion expressed by ancient Roman poets and writers. In the ancient world it was successively the capital city of the Roman Kingdom, the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire, and is regarded as one of the birthplaces of Western civilization. Since the 1st century AD, Rome has been considered the seat of the Papacy and in the 8th century it became the capital of the Papal States, which lasted until 1870. In 1871 Rome became the capital of the Kingdom of Italy, and in 1946 that of the Italian Republic.
After the Middle Ages, Rome was ruled by popes such as Alexander VI and Leo X, who transformed the city into one of the major centres of the Italian Renaissance along with Florence. The current version of St Peter’s Basilica was built and the Sistine Chapel was painted by Michelangelo. Famous artists and architects, such as Bramante, Bernini and Raphael, resided for some time in Rome, contributing to its Renaissance and Baroque architecture.
Andersen was born in Bergen, Norway in 1872, and immigrated as an infant with his family to Newport, Rhode Island the following year. As a young man in Newport, Andersen began his work as a sculptor and learned to mingle among the city’s wealthy… [Read more]
The Appian Way was one of the earliest and strategically most important Roman roads of the ancient republic. It connected Rome to Brindisi, Puglia, in south-east Italy. The road is named after Appius Claudius Caecus, the Roman censor who began and… [Read more]
Auditorium Parco della Musica is a large multi-functional public music complex in Rome. The complex is situated in the north of the city, in the area where the 1960 Summer Olympic Games were held. Parco della Musica was designed by Italian… [Read more]
The Aula Ottagona is part of Diocletian’s Baths and used to be called the Hall of Minerva. Probably designed originally to provide a concourse area, it is octagonal in shape with four semi-circular niches in the corners. [Read more]
The Baths of Caracalla in Rome, were Roman public baths, or thermae, built in Rome between AD 212 and 216, during the reign of the Emperor Caracalla. Records show that the idea for the baths were drawn up by Septimius Severus, and merely completed… [Read more]
Campo dei Fiori is a rectangular square near Piazza Navona in Rome, on the border of rione Parione and rione Regola. Campo dei Fiori, translated literally from Italian, means “field of flowers”. The name was first given during the Middle Ages when… [Read more]
In January 1818, at the height of his European fame, Antonio Canova signed a contract for a property destined for the practice of sculpture. This was to favour his favourite pupil, the promising Adamo Tadolini. The housings, located on the corner… [Read more]
The Capitoline Hill (Campidoglio), between the Forum and the Campus Martius, is one of the Seven Hills of Rome. It was the citadel (equivalent of the ancient Greek acropolis) of the earliest Romans. By the 16th century, Capitolinus had become… [Read more]
The Capitoline Museums (Italian Musei Capitolini) are a group of art and archaeological museums in Piazza del Campidoglio, on top of the Capitoline Hill in Rome, Italy. The museums are contained in three palazzi surrounding a central trapezoidal… [Read more]
The Campo Verano (Cimitero Comunale Monumentale Campo Verano) is a cemetery in Rome that was founded in the early nineteenth century. The cemetery is currently divided into sections: the Jewish cemetery, the Catholic cemetery, and the monument to… [Read more]
The Chamber of Commerce of Rome invested more than 20 million euros in the implementation of the Rome Food Centre. The Centro Agroalimentare Roma (CAR) (with 12 hectares covered with modern equipment and a total of 140 hectares) is an innovative… [Read more]
The church “Dives in Misericordia” is located in Tor Tre Teste in Rome, and was designed by Richard Meier, winner of the competition announced in the frame of the diocesan program “50 Churches for Rome 2000”. This architecture has the particular… [Read more]
The Chiesa del Santo Volto di Gesu is a church of Rome, in Portuense district, in via della Magliana. It is one of the most successful examples of modern religious architecture in Rome, comparable to other contemporary churches such as the Chiesa… [Read more]
The architect Gino Coppede planned this quarter in the Twenties. It’s a very particular quarter where do several styles peep in: Liberty, Deco, Italian Baroque, which mixed together they produce an amazing effect. The passer-by is surprised and… [Read more]
The Spanish Steps are a set of steps in Rome, climbing a steep slope between the Piazza di Spagna at the base and Piazza Trinita dei Monti, dominated by the Trinita dei Monti church at the top. The Scalinata is the widest staircase in Europe. The… [Read more]
The Fontana dell’Acqua Paola also known as Il Fontanone “The big fountain” is a monumental fountain located on the Janiculum Hill, near the church of San Pietro in Montorio, in Rome. It was built in 1610-12 to mark the end of the Acqua Paola… [Read more]
The Fontana della Dea Roma (Fountain of the Goddess Rome) from Igor Mitoraj is located Piazza Monte Grappa. Igor Mitoraj (born 1944) is a Polish artist born in Oederan, Germany. He studied painting at the Krakow School of Art and at the Krakow… [Read more]
Designed by Giacomo della Porta, the Fountain of the Tortoises (Fontana delle Tartarughe) was built in 1581-1588 and decorated by the Florentine sculptor Taddeo Landini. The four bronze tortoises, which give the name to the fountain, were added by… [Read more]
The Galleria Sciarra is a pedestrian passage of Rome, located between Via Marco Minghetti, Vicolo Sciarra and Piazza dell’Oratorio, in the Trevi district. Built as a courtyard of the palazzo Sciarra Colonna di Carbognano, the gallery is composed of… [Read more]
The 16.5 m high sculpture “Goal” by Mario Ceroli was built by the artist during the World Cup in 1990. The sculpture is composed of two built-in wood and galvanised steel structures, one, the “Box”, within the other, the “Sphere”. Mario Ceroli was… [Read more]